Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 28
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Bhandari, Kalpna Siddique, Kadambot H. M. Turner, Neil C. Kaur, Jagmeet Singh, Sarvjeet Agrawal, Shiv Kumar and Nayyar, Harsh 2016. Heat Stress at Reproductive Stage Disrupts Leaf Carbohydrate Metabolism, Impairs Reproductive Function, and Severely Reduces Seed Yield in Lentil. Journal of Crop Improvement, Vol. 30, Issue. 2, p. 118.

    Hossain, Zakir Wang, Xiaoyu Hamel, Chantal Knight, J. Diane Morrison, Malcolm John and Gan, Y. 2016. Biological nitrogen fixation by pulse crops on the semiarid Canadian Prairie. Canadian Journal of Plant Science,

    Kaushal, Neeru Bhandari, Kalpna Siddique, Kadambot H.M. Nayyar, Harsh and Tejada Moral, Manuel 2016. Food crops face rising temperatures: An overview of responses, adaptive mechanisms, and approaches to improve heat tolerance. Cogent Food & Agriculture, Vol. 2, Issue. 1,

    Khan, Maria Rauf, Saeed Munir, Hassan Kausar, Maria Hussain, Muhammad Mubashar and Ashraf, Ejaz 2016. Evaluation of sunflower (Helianthus annuusL.) single cross hybrids under heat stress condition. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, p. 1.

    Siddique, K.H.M and Krishnamurthy, L. 2016. Reference Module in Food Science.

    Siddique, K.H.M. and Krishnamurthy, L. 2016. Encyclopedia of Food Grains.

    Araújo, Susana S. Beebe, Steve Crespi, Martin Delbreil, Bruno González, Esther M. Gruber, Veronique Lejeune-Henaut, Isabelle Link, Wolfgang Monteros, Maria J. Prats, Elena Rao, Idupulapati Vadez, Vincent and Patto, Maria C. Vaz 2015. Abiotic Stress Responses in Legumes: Strategies Used to Cope with Environmental Challenges. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, Vol. 34, Issue. 1-3, p. 237.

    Ashraf, M A Elhashimi Izzat, S A Tahir and Amel, A Mohamed 2015. Assessment of genetic variability and yield stability in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars in River Nile State, Sudan. Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science, Vol. 7, Issue. 7, p. 219.

    Devasirvatham, Viola Tan, Daniel K.Y. Gaur, Pooran M. and Trethowan, Richard M. 2015. Legumes under Environmental Stress.

    Devasirvatham, V. Gaur, P.M. Raju, T.N. Trethowan, R.M. and Tan, D.K.Y. 2015. Field response of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) to high temperature. Field Crops Research, Vol. 172, p. 59.

    Kaur, Ramanpreet Bains, T.S. Bindumadhava, H. and Nayyar, Harsh 2015. Responses of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) genotypes to heat stress: Effects on reproductive biology, leaf function and yield traits. Scientia Horticulturae, Vol. 197, p. 527.

    Sadras, Victor and Dreccer, M. Fernanda 2015. Adaptation of wheat, barley, canola, field pea and chickpea to the thermal environments of Australia. Crop and Pasture Science, Vol. 66, Issue. 11, p. 1137.

    Sadras, Victor O. Vadez, Vincent Purushothaman, R. Lake, Lachlan and Marrou, Helen 2015. Unscrambling confounded effects of sowing date trials to screen for crop adaptation to high temperature. Field Crops Research, Vol. 177, p. 1.

    Awasthi, Rashmi Kaushal, Neeru Vadez, Vincent Turner, Neil C. Berger, Jens Siddique, Kadambot H. M. and Nayyar, Harsh 2014. Individual and combined effects of transient drought and heat stress on carbon assimilation and seed filling in chickpea. Functional Plant Biology, Vol. 41, Issue. 11, p. 1148.

    Jain, Amit Kumar 2014. Heat sensitivity on physiological and biochemical traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum). Advances in environmental research, Vol. 3, Issue. 4, p. 307.

    Jha, Uday C. Chaturvedi, Sushil K. Bohra, Abhishek Basu, Partha S. Khan, Muhammad S. Barh, Debmalya and Varshney, R. 2014. Abiotic stresses, constraints and improvement strategies in chickpea. Plant Breeding, Vol. 133, Issue. 2, p. 163.

    Jumrani, Kanchan and Bhatia, Virender Singh 2014. Impact of elevated temperatures on growth and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Field Crops Research, Vol. 164, p. 90.

    Shafique, Adeena Rehman, Sammia Khan, Azka and Kazi, Alvina Gul 2014. Emerging Technologies and Management of Crop Stress Tolerance.

    Singh, Piara Nedumaran, S. Boote, K.J. Gaur, P.M. Srinivas, K. and Bantilan, M.C.S. 2014. Climate change impacts and potential benefits of drought and heat tolerance in chickpea in South Asia and East Africa. European Journal of Agronomy, Vol. 52, p. 123.

    Annisa, Chen, S. Turner, N. C. and Cowling, W. A. 2013. Genetic Variation for Heat Tolerance During the Reproductive Phase inBrassica rapa. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, Vol. 199, Issue. 6, p. 424.


Large genetic variation for heat tolerance in the reference collection of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) germplasm

  • L. Krishnamurthy (a1), P. M. Gaur (a1), P. S. Basu (a2), S. K. Chaturvedi (a2), S. Tripathi (a1), V. Vadez (a1), A. Rathore (a1), R. K. Varshney (a1) and C. L. L. Gowda (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 05 January 2011

Chickpea is the third most important pulse crop worldwide. Changes in cropping system that necessitate late planting, scope for expansion in rice fallows and the global warming are pushing chickpeas to relatively warmer growing environment. Such changes demand identification of varieties resilient to warmer temperature. Therefore, the reference collection of chickpea germplasm, defined based on molecular characterization of global composite collection, was screened for high temperature tolerance at two locations in India (Patancheru and Kanpur) by delayed sowing and synchronizing the reproductive phase of the crop with the occurrence of higher temperatures ( ≥ 35°C). A heat tolerance index (HTI) was calculated using a multiple regression approach where grain yield under heat stress is considered as a function of yield potential and time to 50% flowering. There were large and significant variations for HTI, phenology, yield and yield components at both the locations. There were highly significant genotypic effects and equally significant G × E interactions for all the traits studied. A cluster analysis of the HTI of the two locations yielded five cluster groups as stable tolerant (n = 18), tolerant only at Patancheru (n = 34), tolerant only at Kanpur (n = 23), moderately tolerant (n = 120) and stable sensitive (n = 82). The pod number per plant and the harvest index explained ≥ 60% of the variation in seed yield and ≥ 49% of HTI at Kanpur and ≥ 80% of the seed yield and ≥ 35% of HTI at Patancheru, indicating that partitioning as a consequence of poor pod set is the most affected trait under heat stress. A large number of heat-tolerant genotypes also happened to be drought tolerant.

Corresponding author
*Corresponding author. E-mail:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

FR Bidinger , V Mahalakshmi and GDP Rao (1987) Assessment of drought resistance in pearl millet [Pennisetum americanum (L.) Leeke]. II Estimation of genotype response to stress. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 38: 4959.

H Canci and C Toker (2009) Evaluation of yield criteria for drought and heat resistance in chickpea. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 195: 4754.

D Desclaux and P Roumet (1996) Impact of drought stress on the phenology of two soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) cultivars. Field Crops Research 46: 6170.

DA Harville (1977) Maximum likelihood approaches to variance component estimation and to related problems. Journal of the American Statistical Association 72: 320338.

L Krishnamurthy , C Johansen and SC Sethi (1999) Investigation of factors determining genotypic differences in seed yield of nonirrigated and irrigated chickpea using a physiological model of yield determination. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 183: 917.

L Krishnamurthy , J Kashiwagi , PM Gaur , HD Upadhyaya and V Vadez (2010) Sources of tolerance to terminal drought in the chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) minicore germplasm. Field Crops Research 119: 322330.

A Srinivasan , H Takeda and T Senboku (1996) Heat tolerance in food legumes as evaluated by cell membrane thermostability and chlorophyll fluorescence techniques. Euphytica 88: 3545.

HD Upadhyaya , SL Dwivedi , M Baum , RK Varshney , SM Udupa , CLL Gowda , DA Hoisington and S Singh (2008) Genetic structure, diversity, and allelic richness in composite collection and reference set in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). BMC Plant Biology 8: 106.

V Vadez , L Krishnamurthy , R Serraj , PM Gaur , HD Upadhyaya , DA Hoisington , RK Varshney , NC Turner and KHM Siddique (2007) Large variation in salinity tolerance in chickpea is explained by differences in sensitivity at the reproductive stage. Field Crops Research 104: 123129.

J Wang , YT Gan , F Clarke and CL McDonald (2006) Response of chickpea yield to high temperature stress during reproductive development. Crop Science 46: 21712178.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Plant Genetic Resources
  • ISSN: 1479-2621
  • EISSN: 1479-263X
  • URL: /core/journals/plant-genetic-resources
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *