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    Lioi, Lucia and Piergiovanni, Angela 2013. Genetic Diversity and Seed Quality of the “Badda” Common Bean from Sicily (Italy). Diversity, Vol. 5, Issue. 4, p. 843.


    Lázaro, A. Villar, B. Aceituno-Mata, L. Tardío, J. and De la Rosa, L. 2013. The Sierra Norte of Madrid: an agrobiodiversity refuge for common bean landraces. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, Vol. 60, Issue. 5, p. 1641.


    Pautasso, Marco Aistara, Guntra Barnaud, Adeline Caillon, Sophie Clouvel, Pascal Coomes, Oliver T. Delêtre, Marc Demeulenaere, Elise De Santis, Paola Döring, Thomas Eloy, Ludivine Emperaire, Laure Garine, Eric Goldringer, Isabelle Jarvis, Devra Joly, Hélène I. Leclerc, Christian Louafi, Selim Martin, Pierre Massol, François McGuire, Shawn McKey, Doyle Padoch, Christine Soler, Clélia Thomas, Mathieu and Tramontini, Sara 2013. Seed exchange networks for agrobiodiversity conservation. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, Vol. 33, Issue. 1, p. 151.


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The genetic make-up of the European landraces of the common bean

  • S. A. Angioi (a1), D. Rau (a1), L. Nanni (a2), E. Bellucci (a2), R. Papa (a2) (a3) and G. Attene (a1) (a4)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1479262111000190
  • Published online: 15 March 2011
Abstract

Here, we present a brief overview of the main studies conducted on the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Europe and other countries outside its centres of origin. We focus on the proportions of the Andean and Mesoamerican gene pools, and on the inter-gene pool hybridization events. In Europe, for chloroplast microsatellites, 67% of European germplasm is of Andean origin. Within Europe, interesting trends have been seen; indeed, the majority of the Andean type is found in the three macro-areas of the Iberian Peninsula, Italy and central-northern Europe, while, in eastern and south-eastern Europe, the proportion of the Mesoamerican type increased. On a local scale, the contribution of the Mesoamerican type is always low. On other continents, various situations are seen using different markers: in China and Brazil, the Mesoamerican gene pool prevails, while in an African sample, overall, both gene pools are equally represented, with differences in individual countries. The frequency of European bean genotypes deriving from at least one hybridization event was 44% with an uneven distribution. Interestingly, hybrids tend to have intermediate seed size in comparison with ‘pure’ Andean or Mesoamerican types. On other continents, very few hybrids are found, probably because of the different marker systems used.

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*Corresponding author. E-mail: attene@uniss.it
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Plant Genetic Resources
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