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The Arctic Council after Kiruna

  • Philip E. Steinberg (a1) and Klaus Dodds (a2)

This note considers the latest iterations to the Arctic Council following the May 2013 ministerial meeting in Kiruna, Sweden. While new state observers including China and Japan were admitted, the European Union's application was deferred and the entire list of non-governmental and intergovernmental organisation applicants was rejected without consideration. Although time-based pressures may have been a factor, the failure to consider the non-state entities’ applications has the effect of reinforcing the impression that the Arctic Council is and will remain a state-centric body.

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AC. (Arctic Council secretariat). 2013. Vision for the Arctic. Kiruna: Arctic Council. URL: (accessed 25 May 2013).
Arctic Ocean Conference. 2008. The Ilulissat declaration. Ilulissat: Arctic Ocean Conference. URL: (accessed 25 May 2013).
Deutsche Welle. 2013. All eyes on the Arctic. Deutsche Welle,16 May URL: (accessed 25 May 2013).
Howard, R. 2009. The Arctic gold rush. London: Continuum.
Inuit Circumpolar Council. 2009. Circumpolar Inuit declaration on Arctic sovereignty. Tromsø: Inuit Circumpolar Council. URL: (accessed 25 May 2013).
Keskitalo, E.C.H. 2004. Negotiating the Arctic: the construction of an international region. London: Routledge.
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Polar Record
  • ISSN: 0032-2474
  • EISSN: 1475-3057
  • URL: /core/journals/polar-record
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