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The history of the discovery of emperor penguin colonies, 1902–2004

  • Barbara Wienecke (a1)

This article summarises the history of the discovery of emperor penguin Aptenodytes forsteri colonies. Emperor penguins were probably first seen on James Cook's second voyage (1773–1775) but were not recorded as a separate species until 1844. The first breeding colony of these birds was found in 1902 and a further 32 were sighted over the next century. The total number of colonies is still unknown but today satellite technology is aiding the process of discovery.

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G.M. Budd 1962. Population studies in rookeries of the emperor penguin Aptenodytes forsteri. Proceedings of the Zoological Society, London 139: 365389.

H.A.C. Neuburg , E. Thiele , P.T. Walker , J.C. Behrendt , and N.B. Aughenbaugh . 1959. The Filchner ice shelf. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 49: 110119.

O. Nordenskjöld 1908. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Schwedischen Südpolarexpedition 1901.1903. Band V. Zoologie I. Stockholm: Lithographisches Institut des Generalstabs.

J.F. Splettstoesser , M. Gavrilo , C. Field , C. Field , P. Harrison , M. Messick , P. Oxford , and F.S. Todd . 2000. Notes on Antarctic wildlife: Ross seals Ommatophoca rossii and emperor penguins Aptenodytes forsteri. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 27: 137142.

B. Stonehouse 1966. Emperor penguin colony at Beaufort Island, Ross Sea, Antarctica. Nature 210: 925926.

B. Stonehouse 1969. Emperor penguin colony at Franklin Island, Ross Sea, Antarctica. Ibis 111: 627628.

E. Vanhöffen 1905. Bericht über die bei der deutschen Südpolarexpedition beobachteten. Vögel. Journal für Ornithologie 53: 500515.

R.L. Willing 1958. Australian discoveries of emperor penguin rookeries in Antarctica during 1954–57. Nature 182: 13931394.

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Polar Record
  • ISSN: 0032-2474
  • EISSN: 1475-3057
  • URL: /core/journals/polar-record
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