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The Northern Sea Route, 1997

  • Lawson W. Brigham (a1)

1997 was an important year for Russia's Northern Sea Route (NSR) in terms of foreign interest. The first full transits of the NSR by western merchant ships were made. The International Northern Sea Route Programme (INSROP) continued into phase 2 of its research projects, and planning proceeded for a European Union-sponsored demonstration voyage to the Ob' River. The nuclear icebreaker Arktika returned to Arctic operations, while two icebreakers were removed from polar service. Information about the NSR became more widely available with the distribution of an English translation of a navigation guide. Winter operations continued in the Kara Sea, albeit reduced, and a limited number of summer voyages to Russian Arctic ports originated from the Pacific rim. RADARS AT synthetic aperture radar images of sea ice along the NSR were used for the first time during several demonstration voyages.

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Administration of the Northern Sea Route. 1996. Guide to navigating through the Northern Sea Route. St Petersburg: Department of Navigation and Oceanography, Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.
Armstrong, T. 1978. Icebreaker voyage to the North Pole, 1977. Polar Record 19 (118): 6768.
Haikkola, M. 1997. A seafarer's dream: 120 years since Nordenskiöld. Neste International 3: 49.
INSROP. 1997a. The INSROP Newsletter 5 (1).
INSROP. 1997b. The INSROP Newsletter 5 (3).
Ivanov, Y., Ushakov, A., and Yakovlev, A.. 1998. Current use of the Northern Sea Route. Lysaker: Fridtjof Nansen Institute (INSROP working paper 96).
Johannessen, O., and 7 others. 1997a. ERS-1/2 SAR monitoring of dangerous ice phenomena along the western part of Northern Sea Route. International Journal of Remote Sensing 18(12): 24772481.
Johannessen, O., and 10 others. 1997b. Icewatch: ice SAR monitoring of the Northern Sea Route. In: Stel, J. (editor). Operational oceanography: the challenge for European co-operation. Amsterdam: Elsevier: 224233.
Johannessen, O.M.Sandven, S., Pettersson, L.H., Miles, M., Melentyev, V.V., and Bobylev, L.. 1997c. Northern Sea Route ice monitoring by satellite radar data. In: Yamaguchi, H., Izumiyama, K., Sodhi, D.S., Nixon, W.A., and Kitagawa, H. (editors). Proceedings of the 16th international conference on offshore mechanical and Arctic engineering. New York: American Society of Mechanical Engineers: 9–17.
Melentiev, V.V., and 7 others. 1997. The use of ERS-1/2; radar images for improving hydrometeorological support of navigation in the western part of the Northern Sea Route in 1993–96. Russian Meteorology and Hydrology 5: 6167. [Translation from Meteorologiya i Gidrologiya]
Sandven, S., and 17 others. 1998. Integrated use of new microwave satellite data for improved sea ice observations. Bergen: Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center (IMSI report 8; Technical report 145e).
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Polar Record
  • ISSN: 0032-2474
  • EISSN: 1475-3057
  • URL: /core/journals/polar-record
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