Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-n4bck Total loading time: 0.359 Render date: 2022-08-19T05:31:56.757Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

International Migration and Military Intervention in Civil War

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 July 2017

Abstract

Which factors make it more likely that states militarily intervene in ongoing intrastate wars? We develop the argument that migrants, i.e., (1) people coming from the civil-war state living in a potential intervener state (immigrants) and (2) those living in the country at war who stem from the third party (emigrants), influence the decision of external states to intervene in civil wars. Our theoretical framework is thus based on a joint focus on domestic-level determinants in a civil-war country and in foreign states. Primarily based on an accountability rationale, we also claim that the third-party’s regime type has an intervening influence. Using quantitative methods, our empirical results generally support the theory, although there is only weak evidence for the intervening influence of a third party’s level of democracy.

Type
Original Articles
Copyright
© The European Political Science Association 2017 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Footnotes

*

Vincenzo Bove is a Reader in the Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (v.bove@warwick.ac.uk). Tobias Böhmelt is a Reader in the Department of Government, University of Essex, Colchester CO4 3SQ; and a Research Fellow of the Center for Comparative and International Studies, ETH Zurich, Haldeneggsteig 4, 8092 Zurich (tbohmelt@essex.ac.uk). The authors thank the journal’s editor, Vera Töger, four anonymous reviewers and participants of the 2 EPEC Workshop in Political Economy for helpful comments that helped to improve the article. To view supplementary material for this article, please visit https://dataverse.harvard.edu/dataverse/PSRM

References

Aydin, Aysegul. 2008. ‘Choosing Sides: Economic Interdependence and Interstate Disputes’. Journal of Politics 70(4):10981108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aydin, Aysegul. 2010. ‘Where Do States Go? Strategy in Civil War Intervention’. Conflict Management and Peace Science 27(1):4766.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beine, Michel, Docquier, Frédéric, and Özden, Çağlar. 2011. ‘Diasporas’. Journal of Development Economics 95(1):3041.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bove, Vincenzo, Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede, and Sekeris, Petros G. 2016. ‘Oil Above Water? Economic Interdependence and Third-Party Intervention’. Journal of Conflict Resolution 60(7):12511277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bove, Vincenzo, and Böhmelt, Tobias. 2016. ‘Does Immigration Induce Terrorism?’. The Journal of Politics 78(2):572588.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brinkerhoff, Jennifer M. 2011. ‘Diasporas and Conflict Societies: Conflict Entrepreneurs, Competing Interests, or Contributors to Stability and Development?Conflict, Security & Development 11(2):115143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce, Smith, Alastair, Siverson, Randolph, and Morrow, James. 2005. The Logic of Political Survival. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Card, David. 2001. ‘Immigrant Inflows, Native Outflows, and the Local Labor Market Impacts of Higher Immigration’. Journal of Labor Economics 19(1):2264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carter, David B., and Signorino, Curtis S.. 2010. ‘Back to the Future: Modeling Time Dependence in Binary Data’. Political Analysis 18(3):271292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cochrane, Feargal. 2007. ‘Irish-America, the End of the IRA’s Armed Struggle and the Utility of Soft Power’. Journal of Peace Research 44(2):215231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cohen, Robin. 1996. ‘Diasporas and the Nation-State: From Victims to Challengers’. International Affairs 72(3):507520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Constant, Amelie F., and Zimmermann, Klaus F.. 2013. International Handbook on the Economics of Migration. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cunningham, David, Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede, and Salehyan, Idean. 2009. ‘It Takes Two: A Dyadic Analysis of Civil War Duration and Outcome’. Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4):570597.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davis, David R., and Moore, Will H.. 1997. ‘Ethnicity Matters: Transnational Ethnic Alliances and Foreign Policy Behavior’. International Studies Quarterly 41(1):171184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
DeWind, Josh, and Segura, Renata. 2014. Diaspora Lobbies and the US Government: Convergence and Divergence in Making Foreign Policy. New York: NYU Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dowty, Alan, and Loescher, Gil. 1996. ‘Refugee Flows as Grounds for International Action’. International Security 21(1):4371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Faist, Thomas. 2000. The Volume and Dynamics of International Migration and Transnational Social Spaces. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fearon, James D., Kasara, Kimuli, and Laitin, David D.. 2007. ‘Ethnic Minority Rule and Civil War Onset’. American Political Science Review 101(1):187193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Findley, Michael G., and Marineau, Josiah F.. 2015. ‘Lootable Resources and Third-Party Intervention Into Civil Wars’. Conflict Management and Peace Science 32(5):465486.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Findley, Michael G., and Teo, Tze Kwang. 2006. ‘Rethinking Third-Party Interventions Into Civil Wars: An Actor-Centric Approach’. Journal of Politics 68(4):828837.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Finnemore, Martha. 2004. The Purpose of Intervention: Changing Beliefs About the Use of Force. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Gartner, Scott S. 2008. ‘The Multiple Effects of Casualties on Public Support for War: An Experimental Approach’. American Political Science Review 102(1):95106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gent, Stephen E. 2007. ‘Strange Bedfellows: The Strategic Dynamics of Major Power Military Interventions’. Journal of Politics 69(4):10891102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gibler, Douglas M. 2008. International Military Alliances, 1648-2008. Washington, DC: CQ Press.Google Scholar
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede. 2007. ‘Transnational Dimensions of Civil War’. Journal of Peace Research 44(3):293309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gurr, Ted Robert, Harff, Barbara, Marshall, Monty G., and Scarritt, James R.. 1993. Minorities at Risk: A Global View of Ethnopolitical Conflicts. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press.Google Scholar
Harris, Simon. 2010. ‘Humanitarianism in Sri Lanka: Lessons Learned?’ Feinstein Briefing Paper, pp. 2000–9.Google Scholar
Hillebrecht, Courtney, White, Tyler R., and McMahon, Patrice C.. 2013. State Responses to Human Security: At Home and Abroad. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kathman, Jacob D. 2011. ‘Civil War Diffusion and Regional Motivations for Intervention’. Journal of Conflict Resolution 55(6):847876.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
King, Gary, Tomz, Michael, and Wittenberg, Jason. 2000. ‘Making the Most of Statistical Analyses: Improving Interpretation and Presentation’. American Journal of Political Science 44(2):347361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Koga, Jun. 2011. ‘Where Do Third Parties Intervene? Third Parties’ Domestic Institutions and Military Interventions in Civil Conflicts’. International Studies Quarterly 55(4):11431166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Krcmaric, Daniel. 2014. ‘Refugee Flows, Ethnic Power Relations, and the Spread of Conflict’. Security Studies 23(1):182216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lemke, Douglas, and Regan, Patrick M.. 2004. The Scourge of War: New Extensions on an Old Problem. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press chapter Interventions as Influence, pp. 145–68.Google Scholar
Miller, Gina Lei, and Hencken-Ritter, Emily. 2014. ‘Emigrants and the Onset of Civil War’. Journal of Peace Research 51(1):5164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mitchell, Christopher R. 1970. ‘Civil Strife and the Involvement of External Parties’. International Studies Quarterly 14(2):166194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moore, Will H., and Shellman, Stephen M.. 2007. ‘Whither Will They Go? A Global Study of Refugees’ Destinations, 1965-1995’. International Studies Quarterly 51(4):811834.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nome, Martin Austvoll. 2013. ‘Transnational Ethnic Ties and Military Intervention: Taking Sides in Civil Conflicts in Europe, Asia, and North Africa, 1944-99’. European Journal of International Relations 19(4):747771.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Özden, Çağlar, Parsons, Christopher R., Schiff, Maurice, and Walmsley, Terrie L.. 2011. ‘Where on Earth is Everybody? The Evolution of Global Bilateral Migration 1960-2000’. World Bank Economic Review 25(1):1256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pearson, Frederic S., and Baumann, Robert A.. 1993. ‘International Military Intervention, 1946-1988’. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research.Google Scholar
Pickering, Jeffrey, and Kisangani, Emizet F.. 2009. ‘The International Military Intervention Dataset: An Updated Resource for Conflict Scholars’. Journal of Peace Research 46(4):589599.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Regan, Patrick M. 1998. ‘Choosing to Intervene: Outside Interventions in Internal Conflicts’. Journal of Politics 60(3):754779.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Regan, Patrick M. 2002. ‘Third-Party Interventions and the Duration of Intrastate Conflicts’. Journal of Conflict Resolution 46(1):5573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reiter, Dan, and Stam, Allan C.. 1998. ‘Democracy and Battlefield Military Effectiveness’. Journal of Conflict Resolution 42(3):259277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rouvez, Alain. 1994. Disconsolate Empires: French, British, and Belgian Military Involvement in Post-Colonial Sub-Saharan Africa. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.Google Scholar
Saideman, Stephen M. 2002. ‘Discrimination in International Relations: Analyzing External Support for Ethnic Groups’. Journal of Peace Research 39(1):2750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Salehyan, Idean, and Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede. 2006. ‘Refugees and the Spread of Civil War’. International Organization 60(2):335366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shain, Yossi. 1999. Marketing the American Creed Abroad: Diasporas in the US and their Homelands. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Shain, Yossi. 2002. ‘The Role of Diasporas in Conflict Perpetuation or Resolution’. SAIS Review 22(2):115144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shain, Yossi, and Barth, Aharon. 2003. ‘Diasporas and International Relations Theory’. International Organization 57(3):449479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Singer, J. David, Bremer, Stuart, and Stuckey, John. 1972. Capability Distribution, Uncertainty, and Major Power War, 1820-1965. In Bruce M. Russett, ed., Peace, War, and Numbers, 19–48. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Smith, Hazel, and Stares, Paul. 2007. Diasporas in Conflict. Peacemakers or Peace Wreckers? New York: United Nations University Press.Google Scholar
Tago, Atsushi. 2005. ‘Determinants of Multilateralism in US Use of Force: State of Economy, Election Cycle, and Divided Government’. Journal of Peace Research 42(5):585604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
United Nations. 1998. Recommendations on Statistics of International Migration (Revision 1). United Nations Statistics Division. UN, New York.Google Scholar
UNHCR. 2004. ‘Economic and Social Impacts of Massive Refugee Populations on Host Developing Countries, As Well As Other Countries’. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Standing Committee (EC/54/SC/CRP.5).Google Scholar
Vasquez, Joseph Paul. 2005. ‘Shouldering the Soldiering: Democracy, Conscription, and Military Casualties’. Journal of Conflict Resolution 49(6):849873.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vertovec, Steven. 2005. The Political Importance of Diasporas. Oxford: Center on Migration, Policy & Society.Google Scholar
Zanfrini, Laura. 2016. ‘How Europe can Benefit from Immigration-Related “Diversity” – a Policy Paper’. Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy 22(3):295326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Supplementary material: Link

Bove and Böhmelt Dataset

Link
Supplementary material: PDF

Bove and Böhmelt supplementary material

Appendix

Download Bove and Böhmelt supplementary material(PDF)
PDF 295 KB
5
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

International Migration and Military Intervention in Civil War
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

International Migration and Military Intervention in Civil War
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

International Migration and Military Intervention in Civil War
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *