Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Do Parties Know That “Women Win”? Party Leader Beliefs about Women's Electoral Chances

  • Kira Sanbonmatsu (a1)
Abstract

Women's groups emphasize the view that women are viable candidates in American politics with the popular slogan “when women run, women win.” What do party leaders believe about women's electoral chances? Do parties know that “women win”? In an analysis of state legislative election results, I find few gender differences in candidates' vote share and success rates—two widely used measures of the status of women candidates. Yet I find that many party leaders report that one gender has an electoral advantage. These party leader perceptions are related to the objective measures of women's electoral success to some extent. However, most analyses reveal a gap between elite perceptions and objective measures of women's status as candidates. This disjuncture suggests that scholars may have overestimated the extent of party leader and voter support for women.I thank Timothy Frye, Claudine Gay, Kathryn Pearson, Beth Reingold, Lisa Sanbonmatsu, the editors, and the anonymous reviewers for helpful comments. I also thank Nanaho Hanada, Heidi Bruns, Lyndsey Young, Huma Khan, and Tina Pierce for research assistance.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Arceneaux, Kevin. 2001. “The ‘Gender Gap’ in State Legislative Representation: New Data to Tackle an Old Question.” Political Research Quarterly54 (March): 14360.

Brace, Paul, KellieSims-Butler, KevinArceneaux, and MartinJohnson. 2002. “Public Opinion in the American States: New Perspectives Using National Survey Data.” American Journal of Political Science46 (January): 17389.

Caul, Miki. 1999. “Women's Representation in Parliament: The Role of Political Parties.” Party Politics5 (January): 7998.

Darcy, R., and Sarah SlavinSchramm. 1977. “When Women Run Against Men.” Public Opinion Quarterly41 (March): 112.

Fox, Richard L., and Jennifer L.Lawless. 2004. “Entering the Arena? Gender and the Decision to Run for Office.” American Journal of Political Science48 (April): 26480.

Hogan, Robert E.2001. “The Influence of State and District Conditions on the Representation of Women in U.S. State Legislatures.” American Politics Research29 (January): 424.

King, David, and RichardMatland. 2003. “Sex and the Grand Old Party: An Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Candidate Sex on Support for a Republican Candidate.” American Politics Research31 (November): 595612.

Kunovich, Sherry, and PamelaPaxton. 2005. “Pathways to Power: The Role of Political Parties in Women's National Political Representation.” American Journal of Sociology111 (September): 50552.

Matland, Richard E., and Donley T.Studlar. 1996. “The Contagion of Women Candidates in Single-Member District and Proportional Representation Electoral Systems: Canada and Norway.” Journal of Politics58 (August): 70733.

Nechemias, Carol. 1987. “Changes in the Election of Women to U.S. Legislative Seats.” Legislative Studies Quarterly12 (February): 12542.

Rule, Wilma. 1981. “Why Women Don't Run: The Critical Contextual Factors in Women's Legislative Recruitment.” Western Political Quarterly34 (March): 6077.

Sanbonmatsu, Kira. 2002a. “Gender Stereotypes and Vote Choice.” American Journal of Political Science46 (January): 2034.

Sanbonmatsu, Kira. 2002b. “Political Parties and the Recruitment of Women to State Legislatures.” Journal of Politics64 (August): 791809.

Sanbonmatsu, Kira. 2006a. “The Legislative Party and Candidate Recruitment in the American States.” Party Politics12 (March): 23356.

Sanbonmatsu, Kira. 2006c. “Gender Pools and Puzzles: Charting a ‘Women's Path’ to the Legislature.” Politics & Gender2 (September): 387400.

Squire, Peverill. 1992. “Legislative Professionalization and Membership Diversity in State Legislatures.” Legislative Studies Quarterly17 (February): 6979.

Uhlaner, Carole Jean, and Kay LehmanSchlozman. 1986. “Candidate Gender and Congressional Campaign Receipts.” Journal of Politics48 (February): 3050.

Werner, Brian L.1998. “Urbanization, Proximity, and the Intra-State Context of Women's Representation.” Women & Politics19 (2): 8193.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Politics & Gender
  • ISSN: 1743-923X
  • EISSN: 1743-9248
  • URL: /core/journals/politics-and-gender
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 10
Total number of PDF views: 48 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 203 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 25th March 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.