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Equality, Democracy, and the Broadening and Deepening of Gender Quotas

  • Susan Franceschet (a1) and Jennifer M. Piscopo (a2)
Extract

The diffusion of gender quotas reflects the legitimation of the normative principle of women's equality in public life. Legislative gender quotas, whether adopted through top-down elite decision making or through bottom-up feminist activism, are frequently justified via appeals to norms of inclusion and fairness. These democratic ideals of women's full representation and participation have indeed gained traction: Over the past two decades, quotas have extended beyond legislatures to public institutions, such as cabinets and executive agencies, and to state advisory councils, subnational governments, labor union directorates, and corporate boards. Such diffusion signals a profound gendering of public space and leadership, a transformation initiated by states assuming active roles as the guarantors—rather than mere promoters—of equality.

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References
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Antíc Gaber, Milika. 2008. “Slovenia: From Voluntary to Legislatived Quotas.” In Electoral Gender Quota Systems and Their Implementation in Europe, ed. Dahlerup, Drude and Freidenvall, Lenita. Brussels: The European Parliament.
Baldez, Lisa. 2004. “Elected Bodies: The Gender Quota Law for Legislative Candidates in Mexico.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 28 (2): 231–58.
Campbell, Kevin, and Mínguez-Vera, Antonio. 2008. Gender Diversity in the Boardroom and Firm Financial Performance. Journal of Business Ethics 83 (3): 435–51.
Casey, Catherine, Skibnes, Renate, and Pringle, Judith K.. 2011. “Gender Equality and Corporate Governance.” Gender, Work, and Organization 18 (6): 613–30.
Dahlerup, Drude, and Freidenvall, Lenita. 2005. “Quotas as a ‘Fast Track’ to Equal Representation for Women.” International Feminist Journal of Politics 7 (1): 2648.
Franceschet, Susan, Krook, Mona Lena, and Piscopo, Jennifer M., eds. 2012. The Impact of Gender Quotas. New York: Oxford University Press.
Sater, James. 2012. “Reserved Seats, Patriarchy, and Patronage in Morocco.” In The Impact of Gender Quotas, ed. Franceschet, Susan, Krook, Mona Lena, and Piscopo, Jennifer M.. New York: Oxford University Press.
Storvik, Aagoth, and Teigen, Mari. 2010. Women on Board: The Norwegian Experience. Report published for the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Foundation.
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Politics & Gender
  • ISSN: 1743-923X
  • EISSN: 1743-9248
  • URL: /core/journals/politics-and-gender
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