Skip to main content
×
×
Home

“Fairer Sex” or Purity Myth? Corruption, Gender, and Institutional Context

  • Justin Esarey (a1) and Gina Chirillo (a2)
Extract

Recent research finds that states with more women involved in government are also less prone to corruption (Dollar, Fisman, and Gatti 2001; Swamy et al. 2001). But a review of experimental evidence indicates that “women are not necessarily more intrinsically honest or averse to corruption than men” in the laboratory or in the field (Frank, Lambsdorff, and Boehm 2011, 68). Rather, the attitudes and behaviors of women concerning corruption depend on institutional and cultural contexts in these experimental situations (Alatas, Cameron, and Chaudhuri 2009; Alhassan-Alolo 2007; Armantier and Boly 2008; Schulze and Frank 2003). If women's inclination toward corruption is contextual, then what are the contexts in which we would expect female involvement in government to fight corruption? The answer is important to understand where gender equality initiatives present a cost-effective and politically feasible approach to cleaning up government.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Alatas, Vivi, Cameron, Lisa, and Chaudhuri, Ananish. 2009. “Gender, Culture, and Corruption: Insights from an Experimental Analysis.” Southern Economic Journal 75 (3): 663–80.
Alhassan-Alolo, Namawu. 2007. “Gender and Corruption: Testing the New Consensus.” Public Administration and Development 237 (3): 227–37.
Armantier, Olivier, and Boly, Amadou. 2008. “Can Corruption be Studied in the Lab? Comparing a Field and a Lab Experiment.” http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1324120 (Accessed August 16, 2013).
Brambor, Thomas, Clark, William R., and Golder, Matthew. 2006. “Understanding Interaction Models: Improving Empirical Analyses.” Political Analysis 14 (1): 120.
Brunetti, Aymo, and Weder, Beatrice. 2003. “A Free Press is Bad News for Corruption.” Journal of Public Economics 87 (7): 1801–24.
Buchan, Nancy, Croson, Rachel T. A., and Solnick, Sara. 2008. “Trust and Gender: An Examination of Behavior and Beliefs in the Investment Game.” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 68 (3–4): 466–76.
Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce, Smith, Alastain, Siverson, Randolph H., and Morrow, James D.. 2003. The Logic of Political Survival. Boston, MA: MIT Press.
Chiebub, Jose Antonio, Gandhi, Jennifer, and Vreeland, James Raymond. 2010. “Democracy and Dictatorship Revisited.” Public Choice 143 (1–2): 67101.
Chowdhury, Shyamal K. 2004. “The Effect of Democracy and Press Freedom on Corruption: An Empirical Test.” Economics Letters 85 (1): 93101.
Cingranelli, David, and Richards, David. 2010. “The Cingranelli-Richards (CIRI) Human Rights Dataset.” http://www.humanrightsdata.org (Accessed August 16, 2013).
Dollar, David, Fisman, Raymond, and Gatti, Roberta. 2001. “Are Women Really the ‘Fairer’ Sex? Corruption and Women in Government.” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 46 (4): 423–29.
Frank, Björn, Lambsdorff, Johann Graf, and Boehm, Frederic. 2011. “Gender and Corruption: Lessons from Laboratory Corruption Experiments.” European Journal of Development Research 23 (1): 5971.
House, Freedom. 2012. “Freedom in the World 2012: Selected Data from Freedom Houses Annual Survey of Political Rights and Civil Liberties.” http://goo.gl/wn6CEW (Accessed September 7, 2013).
Freille, Sebastian, Haque, M. Emranul, and Kneller, Richard. 2007. “A Contribution to the Empirics of Press Freedom and Corruption.” European Journal of Political Economy 23 (4): 838–62.
Galtung, Fredrik. 2006. “Measuring the Unmeasurable: Boundaries and Functions of (Macro) Corruption Indices.” In Measuring Corruption, eds. Sampford, Charles J. G., Shacklock, Arthur, Connors, Carmel, and Galtung, Fredrik. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 101–30.
Goetz, Anne Marie. 2007. “Political Cleaners: Women as the New Anti-Corruption.” Development and Change 38 (1): 87105.
Heritage Foundation. 2012. “Index of Economic Freedom.” http://www.heritage.org/index/ (Accessed July 29, 2012).
Inter-Parliamentary Union. 2012. “Women in Parliaments: World and Regional Averages.” http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/world.htm (Accessed July 11, 2012).
Jianakoplos, Nancy Ammon, and Bernasek, Alexandra. 1998. “Are Women More Risk Averse?Economic Inquiry 36 (4): 620–30.
Johnston, Michael. 2005. “Controlling Global Corruption: Are We There Yet?Current History 104 (686): 425–29.
Karim, Sabrina. 2011. “Madame Officer.” Americas Quarterly 5 (3). http://www.americasquarterly.org/node/2802/ (Accessed July 20, 2012).
Kaufmann, Daniel, Kraay, Aart, and Mastruzzi, Massimo. 2003. “Governance Matters III: Governance Indicators for 1996–2002.” http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=405841 (Accessed August 16, 2013).
Kaufmann, Daniel, Kraay, Aart, and Mastruzzi, Massimo. 2010. “The Worldwide Governance Indicators: Methodology and Analytical Issues.” http://ssrn.com/paper=1682130 (Accessed August 22, 2013).
Kolstad, Ivar, and Wiig, Arne. 2011. “Does Democracy Reduce Corruption?” CMI Working Paper 4. http://www.cmi.no/publications/file/4315-does-democracy-reduce-corruption.pdf (Accessed August 16, 2013).
Kunicova, Jana. 2006. “Democratic Institutions and Corruption: Incentives and Constraints in Politics.” In International Handbook on the Economics of Corruption, ed. Rose-Ackerman, Susan. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 140–60.
Kunicova, Jana, and Rose-Ackerman, Susan. 2005. “Electoral Rules and Constitutional Structures as Constraints on Corruption.” British Journal of Political Science 35 (4): 573606.
Lambsdorff, Johann Graf. 2006. “Measuring Corruption: The Validity and Precision of Subjective Indicators (CPI). In Measuring Corruption, eds. Sampford, Charles J. G., Shacklock, Arthur, Connors, Carmel, and Galtung, Fredrik. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 8199.
Manuel, Tiffany. 2006. “Envisioning the Possibilities for a Good Life: Exploring the Public Policy Implications of Intersectionality Theory.” Journal of Women, Politics, & Policy 28 (3–4): 173203.
Marshall, Monty, Jaggers, Keith, and Gurr, Ted Robert. 2010. “Polity IV Project.” http://www.systemicpeace.org/polity/polity4.htm (Accessed August 16, 2013).
McDermott, Jeremy. 1999. “International: Women Police Ride in on a Ticket of Honesty.” The Daily Telegraph (July 31, 1999).
Moore, Molly. 1999. “Mexico City's Stop Sign to Bribery; To Halt Corruption, Women Traffic Cops Replace Men.” The Washington Post (July 31, 1999). http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P2-605613.html (Accessed August 16, 2012).
Myerson, Roger. 1993. “Effectiveness of Electoral Systems for Reducing Government Corruption: A Game-Theoretic Analysis.” Games and Economic Behavior 5 (1): 118–32.
Nwabuzor, Augustine. 2005. “Corruption and Development: New Initiatives in Economic Openness and Strengthened Rule of Law.” Journal of Business Ethics 59 (1–2): 121–38.
Persson, Torsten, Roland, Gerard, and Tabellini, Guido. 1997. “Separation of Powers and Political Accountability.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 112 (4): 11631202.
Persson, Torsten, and Tabellini, Guido. 2002. Political Economics: Explaining Economic Policy. Boston, MA: MIT Press.
Political Risk Services Group. 2012. “ICRG Methodology.” http://www.prsgroup.com/ICRG_Methodology.aspx (Accessed July 11, 2012).
Quinones, Sam. 1999. “Stop!” Ms. (December): 24.
Schulze, Günther G., and Frank, Björn. 2003. “Deterrence versus Intrinsic Motivation: Experimental Evidence on the Determinants of Corruptibility.” Economics of Governance 4 (2): 143–60.
Stearns, Jason. 2011. Dancing in the Glory of Monsters: The Collapse of the Congo and the Great War of Africa. New York: PublicAffairs.
Stolberg, Sheryl Gay. 2011. “When It Comes to Scandal, Girls Won't Be Boys.” The New York Times (June 12, 2011). http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/12/weekinreview/12women.html (Accessed September 7, 2013).
Sung, Hung-En. 2003. “Fairer Sex or Fairer System? Gender and Corruption Revisited.” Social Forces 82 (2): 703–23.
Swamy, Anand, Knack, Stephen, Lee, Young, and Azfar, Omar. 2001. “Gender and Corruption.” Journal of Development Economics 64 (1): 2555.
Tanzi, Vito. 1998. “Corruption Around the World: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures.” IMF Staff Papers 45: 559–94.
Teorell, Jan, Charron, Nicholas, Samanni, Marcus, Holmberg, Söoren and Rothstein, Bo. 2009. “The Quality of Government Dataset, version 17June09.” http://www.qog.pol.gu.se (Accessed August 22, 2013).
Transparency International. 2011. “Methodological Brief.” http://www.transparencykazakhstan.org/UserFiles/file/CPI_2009_methodology_eng.pdf (Accessed August 22, 2013).
Treisman, Daniel. 2007. “What Have We Learned About the Causes of Corruption from Ten Years of Cross-National Empirical Research?Annual Review of Political Science 10 (1): 211244.
Vanhanen, Tatu. 2005. “Measures of Democracy 18102010.” http://www.fsd.uta.fi/en/data/catalogue/FSD1289/meF1289e.html (Accessed August 22, 2013).
Watson, John, and McNaughton, Mark. 2007. “Gender Differences in Risk Aversion and Expected Retirement Benefits.” Financial Analysts Journal 63 (4): 5262.
World Values Survey Association. 2009. “World Values Survey 1981–2008. Official Aggregate v.20090901.” www.worldvaluessurvey.org (Accessed August 22, 2013).
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Politics & Gender
  • ISSN: 1743-923X
  • EISSN: 1743-9248
  • URL: /core/journals/politics-and-gender
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 11
Total number of PDF views: 280 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 1199 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 19th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.