Skip to main content Accesibility Help

The Gender Regime of Political Parties: Feedback Effects between “Supply” and “Demand”

  • Tània Verge (a1)

Is women's chronic minority status worldwide explained by a lack of women wishing to stand for political office or by party selectors’ disinterest in selecting women candidates? This debate continues among gender politics scholars; however, an increasing number of studies highlight the need to further investigate how the demands of party selectors might shape the supply of women candidates, especially in strong parliamentary democracies where political parties are the key gatekeepers (Kenny 2013; Murray 2010). This concern was already present in Norris and Lovenduski's (1995) original model, which called for a deeper examination of the “interaction effects” between “supply” and “demand.” In engaging with this call, I argue that the constraining effects of supply are reinforced not only by the demands of party selectors, but also by the everyday (gendered) functioning of political parties, which helps us understand the differential chances of women and men eventually becoming candidates.

Hide All
Bjarnegård, Elin. 2013. Gender, Informal Institutions and Political Recruitment: Explaining Male Dominance in Parliamentary Representation. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
Fowlkes, Diane L., Perkins, Jerry, and Rinehart, Sue Tolleson. 1979. “Gender Roles and Party Roles.” American Political Science Review 73 (3): 772–80.
Franceschet, Susan. 2005. Women and Politics in Chile. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.
Franceschet, Susan, Krook, Mona Lena, and Piscopo, Jennifer M.. 2012. “Themes and Implications for Future Research on Gender Quotas.” In The Impact of Gender Quotas, ed. Franceschet, Susan, Krook, Mona L., and Piscopo, Jennifer M.. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 229–42.
Hazan, Reuven Y., and Rahat, Gideon. 2010. Democracy within Parties. Candidate Selection Methods and their Political Consequences. New York: Oxford University Press.
Jennings, M. Kent, and Farah, Barbara G.. 1981. “Social Roles and Political Resources: An Over-Time Study of Men and Women in Party Elites.” American Journal of Political Science 25 (3): 462–82.
Kenny, Meryl. 2013. Gender and Political Recruitment: Theorizing Institutional Change. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
Lawless, Jennifer L., and Fox, Richard L.. 2005. It Takes a Candidate: Why Women Don't Run for Office. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Lovenduski, Joni. 2005. Feminizing Politics. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Lovenduski, Joni, and Norris, Pippa, eds. 1993. Gender and Party Politics. London: Sage.
Murray, Rainbow. 2010. Parties, Gender Quotas and Candidate Selection in France. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Norris, Pippa, and Lovenduski, Joni. 1995. Political Recruitment: Gender, Race and Class in the British Parliament. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Puwar, Nirmal. 2004. “Thinking About Making a Difference.” British Journal of Politics and International Relations 6 (1): 6580.
Verge, Tània. 2009. Dones a les institucions polítiques catalanes: El llarg camí cap a la igualtat (1977–2008). Barcelona: Institut de Ciències Polítiques i Socials.
Verge, Tània, and de la Fuente, Maria. 2014. “Playing with Different Cards: Party Politics, Gender Quotas and Women's Empowerment.” International Political Science Review 35 (1): 6779.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Politics & Gender
  • ISSN: 1743-923X
  • EISSN: 1743-9248
  • URL: /core/journals/politics-and-gender
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed