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    Kostenko, Veronica V. Kuzmuchev, Pavel A. and Ponarin, Eduard D. 2016. Attitudes towards gender equality and perception of democracy in the Arab world. Democratization, Vol. 23, Issue. 5, p. 862.

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    Charrad, Mounira M. 2011. Gender in the Middle East: Islam, State, Agency. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 37, Issue. 1, p. 417.

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Kinship, Islam, or Oil: Culprits of Gender Inequality?

  • Mounira M. Charrad (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 25 November 2009

Gender inequality in the Muslim world has become the object of high drama on the international scene. Ghostlike images of women wrapped in burqas and begging in the streets of Afghan cities swept television screens in the United States following 9/11. The number of articles on Muslim women in English newspapers has increased exponentially in the last few years. Although the popular press and the media continue to emphasize seclusion and subordination in their description of Muslim women, scholars have written extensively and persuasively to debunk the myth of the Muslim woman as a victim, passively suffering the subordination imposed on her. Starting in the 1970s and continuing to the present, a rich literature has argued that as elsewhere in the world, Muslim women have not only resisted subordination but have actively shaped their own destiny (e.g., work by Leila Ahmed [1992], Nadje Al-Ali and Nicola Pratt [2008, 2009], Elizabeth Fernea [1998], Nikki Keddie [2002, 2007, 2008], and Fatima Sadiqi and Moha Ennaji [forthcoming]).

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Nadje Al-Ali , and Nicola Pratt . 2008. “Women's Organizing and the Conflict in Iraq since 2003.” Feminist Review 88: 7485.

Margot Badran . 2005. “Between Secular and Islamic Feminism/s: Reflections on the Middle East and Beyond.” Journal of Middle East Women's Studies 1 (1): 628.

Nikki Keddie . 2008. “Innovative Women: Unsung Pioneers of Social Change.” Journal of Middle East Women's Studies 4 (3): 111.

Lilia Labidi . 2007. “The Nature of Transnational Alliances in Women's Associations in the Maghreb: The Case of AFTURD and ATFD.” Journal of Middle East Women's Studies 3 (1): 634.

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Politics & Gender
  • ISSN: 1743-923X
  • EISSN: 1743-9248
  • URL: /core/journals/politics-and-gender
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