Bochel, John, and Denver, David. 1983. “Candidate Selection in the Labour Party: What the Selectors Seek.” British Journal of Political Science 13 (1): 45–69.
Beckwith, Karen. 2007. “Numbers and Newness: The Descriptive and Substantive Representation of Women.” Canadian Journal of Political Science 40 (1): 27–49.
Bledsoe, Timothy, and Herring, Mary. 1990. Victims of Circumstances : Women in Pursuit of Political Office. American Political Science Review 84 (1): 213–23.
Caul, Miki. 1999. “Women's Representation in Parliament: The Role of Political Parties.” Party Politics 5 (1): 79–99.
Celis, Karen, and Wauters, Bram. 2010. “Pinning the Butterfly: Women, Blue Collar and Ethnic Minority MPs vis-à-vis Parliamentary Norms and the Parliamentary Role of the Group Representative.” Journal of Legislative Studies 16 (3): 380–93.
Celis, Karen. 2000. “Gendering the New Political Culture? Women in the First Flemish Regional Parliament.” Presented at the 28th ECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops, Copenhagen.
Childs, Sarah, and Krook, Mona L.. 2008. “Critical Mass Theory and Women's Political Representation.” Political Studies 56 (3): 725–36.
Costantini, Edmond. 1990. Political Women and Political Ambition : Closing the Gender Gap. American Journal of Political Science 34 (3): 741–70.
Dahlerup, Drude. 2007. “Electoral Gender Quotas, Between Equality of Opportunity and Equality of Result.” Representation 43 (2): 73–92.
de Vos, Pieter L. 1990. De Uitgang van het Binnenhof: een onderzoek naar het vertrek van Kamerleden. Gouda: Quint.
Edinger, Michael, and Schwarz, Bertrand. 2009. “Leben nach dem Mandat. Eine Studie zu ehemaligen Abgeordneten”. SFB580 Mitteilung 35: 1–82.
Fox, Richard L., and Smith, Eric R.A.N.. 1998. “The Role of Candidate Sex in Voter Decision-Making.” Political Psychology 19 (2): 405–19.
Franceschet, Susan, Krook, Mona L., and Piscopo, Jennifer M., eds. 2012. The Impact of Gender Quota. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Francis, Wayne L., and Baker, John R.. 1986. “Why Do U.S. State Legislators Vacate Their Seats?” Legislative Studies Quarterly 11 (1): 119–26.
Frederick, Brian. 2007. “Political Parties, Self Perceived Qualifications and Political Ambition, Examining the Role Of Sex in the Candidate Emergence Process for Open U.S. House Seats.” Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago.
Hamm, Keith, and Olson, David M.. 1992. “Midsession Vacancies: Why Do State Legislators Exit and How Are They Replaced?” In Changing Patterns in State Legislative Careers, eds. Moncrief, Gary F. and Thompson, Joel. A.. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 127–46.
Hibbing, John R. 1982. “Voluntary Retirement from the US House of Representatives: Who Quits?” American Journal of Political Science 26 (3): 467–84.
Jacobson, Gary C. 2004. The Politics of Congressional Elections. New York: Pearson.
Jeydel, Alana, and Taylor, Andrew J.. 2003. “Are Women Legislators Less Effective? Evidence from the U.S. House in the 103rd–105th Congress.” Political Research Quarterly 56 (1): 19–27.
Krook, Mona L. 2007. “Candidate Gender Quotas, A Framework for Analysis.” European Journal of Political Research 46 (3): 367–94.
Lawless, Jennifer L., and Fox, Richard L.. 2005. It Takes a Candidate: Why Women Don't Run for Office. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Lawless, Jennifer L., and Theriault, Sean M.. 2005. “Will She Stay or Will She Go ? Career Ceilings and Women's Retirement from the U.S. Congress. Legislative Studies Quarterly 30 (4): 581–96.
Leijenaar, Monique. 2004. “Een vrouwvriendelijk kiessysteem.” In Vrouwen vertegenwoordigd, Wetstraat gekraakt? Representativiteit feministisch bekeken, eds. Meier, Petra and Celis, Karen. Brussels: VUB Press, 49–80.
Matland, Richard E. 1994. “Putting Scandinavian Equality to the Test: An Experimental Evaluation of Gender Stereotyping of Political Candidates in a Sample of Norwegian Voters.” British Journal of Political Science 24 (2): 273–92.
Matland, Richard E.. 2005. “Enhancing Women's Political Participation, Legislative Recruitment and Electoral Systems.” In Women in Parliament, Beyond Numbers, eds. Ballington, Julie and Karam, Azza, Stockholm: IDEA, 93–111.
Matland, Richard E., and Montgomery, Kathleen A., eds. 2003. Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Eastern Europe. New York: Oxford University Press.
Meier, Petra. 2004. “The Mutual Contagion Effect of Legal and Party Quotas: A Belgian Perspective.” Party Politics 10 (5): 583–600.
Murray, Rainbow, Krook, Mona L., and Opello, Katherine. 2009. “Elite Bias, not Voter Bias: Gender Quotas and Candidate Performance in France.” Paper presented at the first European Conference on Politics and Gender, Belfast.
Niven, David. 1998. “Party Elites and Women Candidates.” Women & Politics 19 (2): 57–80.
Norris, Pippa. 1996. “Legislative Recruitment.” In Comparing Democracies. Elections and Voting in Global Perspective, eds. LeDuc, Lawrence, Niemi, Richard G., and Norris, Pippa. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 184–215.
Norris, Pippa, ed. 1997. Passages to Power. Legislative Recruitment in Advanced Democracies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Norris, Pippa.. 2004. Electoral Engineering. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Peters, B. Guy. 1999. Institutional Theory in Political Science: The “New Institutionalism”. New York: Continuum.
Phillips, Anne. 1995. The Politics of Presence. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Samuels, David. 2000. “Ambition and Competition: Explaining Legislative Turnover in Brazil.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 25 (3): 481–97.
Sanbonmatsu, Kira. 2002. “Gender Stereotypes and Vote Choice.” American Journal of Political Science 46 (1): 20–34.
Schwindt-Bayer, Leslie A. 2005. “The Incumbency Disadvantage and Women's Election to Legislative Office.” Electoral Studies 24 (2): 227–44.
Theakston, Kevin, Gouge, Ed, and Honeyman, Victoria. 2007. Life after Losing or Leaving. The Experience of Former Members of Parliament. London: Association of Former Members.
Thelen, Kathleen. 2003. “How Institutions Evolve: Insights from Comparative Historical Analysis.” In Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences, eds. Mahoney, James and Rueschemeyer, Dietrich. New York: Cambridge University Press, 208–40.
Tremblay, Manon, ed. 2008. Women and Legislative Representation: Electoral Systems, Political Parties, and Sex Quotas. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Wauters, Bram, Maddens, Bart, and Put, Gert-Jan. 2010. “The Effect of Quota on the Profile of Women Candidates in Belgium.” Presented at the Dutch-Flemish Politicologenetmaal, Leuven.
Wauters, Bram, Weekers, Karolien, and Maddens, Bart. 2010. “Explaining the Number of Preferential Votes for Women in an Open-List PR System: An Investigation of the 2003 Federal Elections in Flanders (Belgium).” Acta Politica 45 (4): 468–90.