Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Racializing Gender: Public Opinion at the Intersection

  • Erin C. Cassese (a1), Tiffany D. Barnes (a2) and Regina P. Branton (a3)
Abstract

Efforts to understand the political implications of categorical prejudices—like racism and sexism—are complicated by the intersectional nature of social groups. Evaluating attitudes toward members of a single social category (e.g., African-Americans) in isolation can produce misleading conclusions, as racial cues commonly coincide with gender cues and create meaningful subgroups (McConnaughy and White 2014). The idea that different subgroups of women experience distinctive forms of discrimination is reflected in the concept of “double jeopardy.” Double jeopardy suggests that black and Hispanic women experience discrimination differently from white women or men of color because they simultaneously belong to a low-status gender group and a low-status racial/ethnic group (King 1988; Levin et al. 2002; cf. Sidanius and Veniegas 2000). As a result, women who are racial or ethnic minorities face a cumulative discrimination that extends beyond racism or sexism alone (King 1988; Purdie-Vaughns and Eibach 2008).

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Antoine J. Banks , and Nicholas A. Valentino . 2012. “Emotional Substrates of White Racial Attitudes.” American Journal of Political Science 56 (2): 286–97.

Lawrence Bobo , and James Kluegel . 1993. “Opposition to Race Targeting: Self Interest, Stratification Ideology, or Racial Attitudes?American Sociological Review 58 (4): 443–64.

Regina Branton , Erin Cassese , and Bradford Jones . 2012. “Race, Ethnicity, and U.S. House Incumbent Evaluations.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 37 (4): 465–89.

Elizabeth R Cole . 2009. “Intersectionality and Research in Psychology.” American Psychologist 64 (3): 170–80.

Elizabeth R. Cole , and Abigail Stewart 2001. “Invidious Comparisons: Imagining a Psychology of Race and Gender Beyond Differences.” Political Psychology 22 (2): 293308.

Pamela Johnston Conover . 1988. “Feminists and the Gender Gap.” Journal of Politics 50 (4): 9851010.

Kimberle Williams Crenshaw . 1991. “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color.” Stanford Law Review 43 (6): 1241–99.

Christopher D DeSante . 2013. “Working Twice as Hard to Get Half as Far: Race, Work Ethic, and America's Deserving Poor.” American Journal of Political Science 57 (2): 342–56.

Rita Kaur Dhamoon . 2011. “Considerations on Mainstreaming Intersectionality.” Political Research Quarterly 64 (1): 230–43.

Stanley Feldman , and Leonie Huddy . 2005. “Racial Resentment and White Opposition to Race-Conscious Programs: Principles or Prejudice?American Journal of Political Science 49 (1): 168–83.

Cybelle Fox . 2004. “The Changing Color of Welfare? How Whites' Attitudes toward Latinos Influence Support for Welfare.” American Journal of Sociology 110 (3): 580625.

Peter Glicke , and Susan Fiske . 2001. “An Ambivalent Alliance: Hostile and Benevolent Sexism as Justifications for Gender Inequality.” American Psychologist 56 (2): 109–18.

Peter Glicke , and Susan Fiske . 2011. “An Ambivalent Sexism Revisited.” Psychology of Women Quarterly 35 (3): 530–35.

Ange-Marie Hancock . 2007b. “When Multiplication Doesn't Equal Quick Addition: Examining Intersectionality as a Research Paradigm.” Perspectives on Politics 5 (1): 6379.

Leonie Huddy , Erin Cassese , and Mary-Kate Lizotte . 2008. “Gender, Public Opinion, and Political Reasoning.” In Political Women and American Democracy, ed. Christina Wolbrecht , Karen Beckwith , and Lisa Baldez . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 3149.

Leonie Huddy , and Stanley Feldman . 2009. “On Assessing the Political Effects of Racial Prejudice.” Annual Review of Political Science 12 (1): 423–47.

John T. Jost , and Mahzarin Banaji . 1994. “The Role of Stereotyping in System-Justification and the Production of False Consciousness.” British Journal of Social Psychology 33 (1): 127.

John T. Jost , Chistopher M. Federico , and Jamie L. Napier . 2009. “Political Ideology: Its Structure, Functions, and Elective Affinities.” Annual Review of Psychology 60 (1): 309–37.

John T. Jost , Jack Glaser , Arie W. Kruglanski , and Frank J. Sulloway . 2003. “Political Conservatism as Motivated Social Cognition.” Psychological Bulletin 129 (3): 339–75.

John T. Jost , and Orsolya Hunyady . 2005. “Antecedents and Consequences of System-Justifying Ideologies.” Current Directions in Psychological Science 14 (5): 260–65.

John T. Jost , Cheryl J. Wakslak , and Tom R. Tyler . 2008. “System Justification Theory and the Alleviation of Emotional Distress.” Advances in Group Processes 25: 181211.

Donald R. Kinder , and Cindy D. Kam . 2009. Us Against Them: Ethnocentric Foundations of American Opinion. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Deborah K King . 1988. “Multiple Jeopardy, Multiple Consciousness: The Context of a Black Feminist Ideology.” Signs 14 (1): 4272.

Shana Levin , Stacey Sinclair , Rosemary Veniegas , and Pamela Taylor . 2002. “Perceived Discrimination in the Context of Multiple Group Membership.” Psychological Science 13 (6): 557–60.

Nancy A Naples . 1999. “Towards Comparative Analyses of Women's Political Praxis: Explicating Multiple Dimensions of Standpoint Epistemology for Feminist Ethnography.” Women & Politics 20 (1): 2957.

Valerie Purdie-Vaughns , and Richard Eibach . 2008. “Intersectional Invisibility: The Distinctive Advantages and Disadvantages of Multiple Subordinate-Group Identities.” Sex Roles 59: 377–91.

David O. Sears , and Patrick J. Henry . 2003. “The Origins of Symbolic Racism.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 85 (2): 259–75.

Jim Sidanius , Shana Levin , James Liu , and Felicia Pratto . 2000. “Social Dominance Orientation, Antiegalitarianism, and the Political Psychology of Gender: An Extension and Cross-cultural Replication.” European Journal of Social Psychology 30 (1): 4167.

Jim Sidanius , and Felicia Pratto . 1993. “Racism and Support of Free-Market Capitalism: A Cross-Cultural Analysis.” Political Psychology 14 (3): 381401.

Jim Sidanius , and Felicia Pratto . 1999. Social Dominance: An Intergroup Theory of Social Hierarchy and Oppression. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Jim Sidanius , Felicia Pratto , and Lawrence Bobo . 1994. “Social Dominance Orientation and the Political Psychology of Gender.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 67 (6): 9981011.

Evelyn Simien . 2007. “Doing Intersectionality Research: From Conceptual Issues to Practical Examples.” Politics & Gender 3 (2): 3643.

Evelyn M. Simien , and Ange-Marie Hancock . 2011. “Mini-Symposium: Intersectionality Research.” Political Research Quarterly 64 (1): 185–86.

Dara Z Strolovitch . 2007. Affirmative Advocacy: Race, Class and Gender in Interest Group Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Janet K. Swim , Kathryn J. Aikin , Wayne S. Hall , and Barbara A. Hunter . 1995. “Sexism and Racism: Old-Fashioned and Modern Prejudices.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 68 (2): 199214.

Lynn Vavreck , and Douglas Rivers . 2008. “The 2006 Cooperative Congressional Election Study.” Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties 18 (4): 355–66.

Laurel Weldon . 2006. “The Structure of Intersectionality: A Comparative Politics of Gender.” Politics & Gender 2 (2): 235–48.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Politics & Gender
  • ISSN: 1743-923X
  • EISSN: 1743-9248
  • URL: /core/journals/politics-and-gender
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 5
Total number of PDF views: 86 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 385 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.