Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 5
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Elder, Laurel and Greene, Steven 2016. The Politics of Walmart Moms: Parenthood and Political Attitudes in the 2012 Election. Journal of Women, Politics & Policy, p. 1.


    Deason, Grace Greenlee, Jill S. and Langner, Carrie A. 2015. Mothers on the campaign trail: implications of Politicized Motherhood for women in politics. Politics, Groups, and Identities, Vol. 3, Issue. 1, p. 133.


    Tope, Daniel Pickett, Justin T. and Chiricos, Ted 2015. Anti-minority attitudes and Tea Party Movement membership. Social Science Research, Vol. 51, p. 322.


    Dillaway, Heather E. and Paré, Elizabeth R. 2013. Notions of Family: Intersectional Perspectives.


    Hannagan, Rebecca J. Schneider, Monica C. and Greenlee, Jill S. 2012. Data, Methods, and Theoretical Implications. PS: Political Science & Politics, Vol. 45, Issue. 02, p. 232.


    ×

Soccer Moms, Hockey Moms and the Question of “Transformative” Motherhood

  • Jill S. Greenlee (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1743923X10000292
  • Published online: 01 September 2010
Abstract

From Dwight Eisenhower to John McCain, presidential candidates have appealed to female voters by highlighting motherhood in their campaigns. The most recent example of this has been the “hockey mom” trope introduced by the first hockey mom to earn a slot on the GOP presidential ticket, Governor Sarah Palin. These appeals, while motivated by political gamesmanship, imply that mothers see the political world a bit differently from other women. They suggest that women with children have different political priorities and concerns and, at times, different positions on political issues. This article takes this proposition seriously, and asks the question: Does becoming a mother have a transformative effect on women's political attitudes? Using longitudinal data from the four-wave 1965–97 Political Socialization Panel Study, I track the movement of women's political attitudes on partisan identification, ideological identification, and policy issues. I find that the effects of motherhood on women's political attitudes, while not uniform in nature, do push some women to adopt more conservative political attitudes. Thus, these results suggest that while motherhood does not transform women's political attitudes, for some women motherhood does promote interesting attitudinal shifts.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

John. Aldrich and Forrest Nelson . 1984. Linear Probability, Logit, and Probit Models. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage University Press.

R. C. Barnett , and G. K. Baruch . 1985. “Women's Involvement in Multiple Roles and Psychological Distress.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 49 (1): 135–45.

Karen. Beckwith 2001. “Women's Movements at Century's End: Excavation and Advances in Political Science.” Annual Review of Political Science 4: 371–90.

Jay. Belsky 1985. “Exploring Individual Differences in Marital Change across the Transition to Parenthood: The Role of Violated Expectations.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 47 (4): 1037–44.

Chloe E. Bird 1997. “Gender Differences in the Social and Economic Burdens of Parenting and Psychological Distress.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 59 (4): 809–23.

Dennis Chong , Jack Citrin , and Patricia Conley 2001. “When Self-Interest Matters.” Political Psychology 22 (3): 541–57.

Pamela Johnston Conover , and Virgina Sapiro . 1993. “Gender, Feminist Consciousness, and War.” American Journal of Political Science 37 (4): 1079–99.

Alice H. Eagly , Amanda Diekman , Mary Johannesen-Schmidt , and Anne Koenig . 2004. “Gender Gaps in Sociopolitical Attitudes: A Social Psychological Analysis.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 87 (6): 796816.

Laurel Elder , and Steven Greene . 2007. “The Myth of ‘Security Moms’ and ‘NASCAR Dads’: Parenthood, Political Stereotypes, and the 2004 Election.” Social Science Quarterly 88 (1): 119.

Steven. Finkel 1995. Causal Analysis with Panel Data. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage University Publications.

Norvald D. Glenn , and Sara McLanahan . 1982. “Children and Marital Happiness: A Further Specification of the Relationship.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 44 (1): 6372.

Susan E. Howell , and Christine L. Day . 2000. “Complexities of the Gender Gap.” Journal of Politics 62 (3): 858–74.

Jon Hurwitz , and Shannon Smithey . 1998. “Gender Differences on Crime and Punishment.” Political Research Quarterly. 51 (1): 89115.

M. Ishii-Kuntz , and K. Seccombe . 1989. “The Impact of Children Upon Social Networks Throughout the Life Course.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 51: 777–90.

William. Jacoby 1999. “Levels of Measurement and Political Research: An Optimistic View.” American Journal of Political Science 43 (1): 271301.

Kathleen Hall Jamieson , Erika Falk , and Susan Sherr . 1999. “The Enthymeme Gap in the 1996 Presidential Campaign.” PS, Political Science and Politics 32 (1): 1216.

M. Kent Jennings , and Gregory B. Markus . 1977. “The Effects of Military Service on Political Attitudes: A Panel Study.” American Political Science Review 71 (1): 131–47.

Sara McLanahan , and Julia Adams . 1987. “Parenthood and Psychological Well-Being.” Annual Review of Sociology 13: 237–57.

A. I. Meleis , L. M. Sawyer , E. O. Im , D. K. Hilfinger Messias , and K. Schumacher . 2000. “Experiencing Transitions: An Emerging Middle-Range Theory.” Advances in Nursing Science 23 (1): 1228.

Ramona. Mercer 2004. “Becoming a Mother Versus Maternal Role Attainment.” Journal of Nursing Scholarship 36 (3): 226–32.

Kei M. Nomaguchi , and Melissa A. Milkie . 2003. “Costs and Rewards of Children: The Effects of Becoming a Parent on Adults' Lives.” Journal of Marriage and Family 65: 356–74.

Gretchen. Ritter 2008. “Gender as a Category of Political Analysis.” In Political Women and American Democracy, ed. Karen Beckwith Christina Wolbrecht , and Lisa Baldez . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Robert Shapiro , and Harpreet Mahajan . 1986. “Gender Differences in Policy Preferences: A Summary of Trends from the 1960s to the 1980s.” Public Opinion Quarterly 50 (1): 4261.

Sam D. Sieber 1974. “Toward a Theory of Role Accumulation.” American Sociological Review 39 (4): 567–78.

Abigail. Stewart and Sharon Gold-Steinberg . 1990. “Midlife Women's Political Consciousness: Case Studies in Psychosocial Development and Political Commitment.” Psychology of Women Quarterly 14 (4): 543–66.

Laura. Stoker 1993. “Judging Presidential Character: The Demise of Gary Hart.” Political Behavior 15 (2): 193223.

Debra Umberson , and Walter Gove . 1989. “Parenthood and Psychological Well-Being.” Journal of Family Issues 10 (4): 440–62

Herbert F. Weisberg 1987. “The Demographics of a New Voting Gap: Marital Differences in American Voting”. Public Opinion Quarterly 51: 335–43.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Politics & Gender
  • ISSN: 1743-923X
  • EISSN: 1743-9248
  • URL: /core/journals/politics-and-gender
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×