Abou El Fadl Khaled. 2008. Speaking in God's Name: Islamic Law, Authority, and Women. Oxford: Oneworld.
Abu-Lughod Lila. 2000. Veiled Sentiments: Honor and Poetry in a Bedouin Society. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Afkhami Mahnaz. 1995. Faith and Freedom: Women's Human Rights in the Muslim World. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.
Ahmed Leila. 1993. Women and Gender in Islam: Historical Roots of a Modern Debate. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Alexander Amy C., and Welzel Christian. 2011. “Islam and Patriarchy: How Robust is Muslim Support for Patriarchal Values?” International Review of Sociology
Ali Kecia. 2006. Sexual Ethics and Islam: Feminist Reflections on Qur'an, Hadith, and Jurisprudence. Braintree, MA: Oneworld.
Association of Religious Data Archives. 2010. “Data Files.” thearda.com (Accessed on September 30, 2010).
Barlas Asma. 2002. “Believing Women” in Islam: Unreading Patriarchal Interpretations of the Qur'an. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.
Bolzendahl Catherine I., and Myers Daniel J.. 2004. “Feminist Attitudes and Support for Gender Equality: Opinion Change in Women and Men, 1974–1998.” Social Forces
Bouachrine Ibtissam. 2014. Women and Islam: Myths, Apologies, and the Limits of Feminist Critique. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
Brooks Geraldine. 1995. Nine Parts of Desire: The Hidden World of Islamic Women. New York, NY: Anchor.
Callaway Barbara, and Creevey Lucy. 1993. The Heritage of Islam: Women, Religion, and Politics in West Africa. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.
Charrad Mounira M.
2001. States and Women's Rights: The Making of Postcolonial Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Chaturvedi Neilan S., and Montoya Orlando. 2013. “Democracy, Oil, or Religion? Expanding Women's Rights in the Muslim World.” Politics and Religion
Cherif Feryal M.
2010. “Culture, Rights, and Norms: Women's Rights and Reform in Muslim Countries.” Journal of Politics
Cooke Miriam. 2001. Women Claim Islam: Creating Islamic Feminism through Literature. London: Routledge.
Diehl Claudia, Koenig Matthias, and Ruckdeschel Kerstin. 2009. “Religiosity and Gender Equality: Comparing Natives and Muslim Migrants in Germany.” Ethnic and Racial Studies
Donno Daniela, and Russett Bruce. 2004. “Islam, Authoritarianism, and Female Empowerment: What Are the Linkages?” World Politics
Durkheim Emile. 1997. The Division of Labor in Society. New York, NY: Free Press.
Durkheim Emile. 1995. The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. New York, NY: Free Press.
Durkheim Emile. 1951. Suicide. New York, NY: Free Press.
El Guindi Fadwa. 2003. Veil: Modesty, Privacy, Resistance. Oxford: Berg.
Esposito John L.
1998. “Introduction: Women in Islam and Muslim Societies.” In Islam, Gender, and Social Change, eds. Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad, and Esposito John L.,. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, ix-xxviii.
Fattah Moataz A.
2006. Democratic Values in the Muslim World. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc.
Ferguson Marianne. 1994. Women and Religion. London: Pearson, 1994.
Fish M. Steven. 2011. Are Muslims Distinctive? A Look at the Evidence. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Fish M. Steven. 2002. “Islam and Authoritarianism.” World Politics
Freedom House. 2011. “Freedom in the World All Scores Countries 1973–2011.” www.freedomhouse.org (Accessed on February 28, 2012).
Ganji Akbar. 2008. The Road to Democracy in Iran. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Ghodsee Kristen. 2010. Muslim Lives and Eastern Europe: Gender, Ethnicity, and the Transformation of Islam in Postsocialist Bulgaria. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Gole Nilufer. 1997. The Forbidden Modern: Civilization and Veiling. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Hidayatullah Aysha A.
2014. Feminist Edges of the Qur'an. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Inglehart Ronald, and Norris Pippa. 2003a. Rising Tide: Gender Equality and Cultural Change Around the World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Inglehart Ronald, and Norris Pippa. 2003b. “The True Clash of Civilizations.” Foreign Policy
Mernissi Fatima. 1992. The Veil and the Male Elite: A Feminist Interpretation of Women's Rights in Islam. New York, NY: Basic.
Mernissi Fatima. 1987. Beyond the Veil: Male-Female Dynamics in Modern Muslim Society. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
Mir-Hosseini Ziba. 1999. Islam and Gender: The Religious Debate in Contemporary Iran. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Mir-Hosseini Ziba, Al-Sharmani Mulki, and Rumminger Jana, eds. 2015. Men in Charge? Rethinking Authority in the Muslim Legal Tradition. London: Oneworld.
Moghadam Valentine, ed. 2007. From Patriarchy to Empowerment: Women's Participation, Movements, and Rights in the Middle East, North Africa, and South Asia. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.
Nageeb Salma Ahmed. 2004. New Spaces and Old Frontiers: Women, Social Space, and Islamization in Sudan. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
Norris Pippa, and Inglehart Ronald. 2004. Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Peach Lucinda Joy. 2001. Women and World Religions. London: Pearson.
Peshkova Svetlana. 2014. Women, Islam, and Identity: Public Life and Private Spaces in Uzbekistan. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.
Rizzo Helen, Abdel-Latif Abdel-Hamid, and Meyer Katherine. 2007. “The Relationship between Gender Equality and Democracy: A Comparison of Arab versus Non-Arab Muslim Societies.” Sociology
Ross Michael L.
2012. The Oil Curse: How Petroleum Wealth Shapes the Development of Nations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Sapiro Virginia. 2003. “Theorizing Gender in Political Psychology Research.” In Oxford Handbook of Political Psychology, eds. Sears David O., Huddy Leonie, and Jervis Robert. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 601–634.
Sharabi Hisham. 1988. Neopatriarchy: A Theory of Distorted Change in Arab Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sharma Arvind, ed. 1987. Women in World Religions. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Shiva Balaghi, and Fatma Muge Gocek, eds. 1995. Reconstructing Gender in the Middle East. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
Souaiaia Ahmed E.
2008. Contesting Justice: Women, Islam, Law, and Society. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
United Nations Development Programme. 2002. The Arab Human Development Report 2002: Creating Opportunities for Future Generations. New York, NY: United Nations.
United Nations Development Programme. 1999. Human Development Report 1999. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
United Nations Development Programme. 2001. Human Development Report 2001. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Vanfossen Beth Ensminger. 1977. “Sexual Stratification and Sex-Role Socialization.” Journal of Marriage and Family
Wadud Amina. 1999. Qur'an and Woman: Rereading the Sacred Text from a Woman's Perspective. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.