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Factors Associated with Workplace Violence in Paramedics

  • Stella Koritsas (a1), Malcolm Boyle (a2) and Jan Coles (a3)
Abstract
Introduction:

The majority of research that has explored workplace violence has focused on establishing the prevalence of violence in different settings. In general, there is a paucity of research that explores factors that may predict or increase the risk of experiencing violence in the workplace.

Objective:

The aim of this research was to determine predictors of violence for paramedics.

Methods:

A questionnaire was developed that focused on paramedics' experi-ences with six forms of violence: verbal abuse, property damage/theft, intimi-dation, physical abuse, sexual harassment, and sexual assault.The questionnaire was distributed randomly to paramedics throughout rural Victoria and metropolitan South Australia, and completed and returned anonymously.

Results:

Predictors emerged for verbal abuse, intimidation, sexual harassment, and sexual abuse. Specifically, gender was the only predictor of intimidation, sexual harassment, and sexual assault. Paramedic qualifications, how they responded to a call-out, and hours per week in direct patient contact emerged as a predictor of verbal abuse.

Conclusions:

Certain factors predict or predispose paramedics to workplace violence. The need for workplace violence education and training is impera-tive for the prevention of violence, as well as for its management.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Building 1, 270 Ferntree Gully Road, Notting Hill, VIC, 3168 Australia, E-mail: stella.koritsas@med.monash.edu.au
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Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
  • ISSN: 1049-023X
  • EISSN: 1945-1938
  • URL: /core/journals/prehospital-and-disaster-medicine
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