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First Rescue Under the Rubble: The Medical Aid in the First Hours After the Earthquake in Amatrice (Italy) on August 24, 2016

  • Angelo Geremia Blasetti (a1), Emiliano Petrucci (a1), Vincenza Cofini (a2), Barbara Pizzi (a1), Paolo Scimia (a3), Tullio Pozone (a4), Stefano Necozione (a2), Pierfrancesco Fusco (a4) and Franco Marinangeli (a2)...
Specific event identifiers

a. Event Type: Earthquake measuring 6.2 (SD=0.016) on the moment magnitude;

b. Event Onset: August 24, 2016 - 03:36:32 CEST (01:36 UTC);

c. Location of Event: Central Italy, in the town of Amatrice;

d. Geographic Coordinates: latitude (DMS): 42°37′45.77″N; longitude (DMS): 13°17′18.14″E; elevation: 955 meters above sea-level;

e. Dates: August 24, 2016 at 4:48 AM;

f. Response Type: Medical Relief.


On August 24, 2016, an earthquake hit the town of Amatrice (Italy). This study aims to document the first medical aid provided to earthquake victims in Amatrice immediately following the earthquake.

Patient data were collected and recorded during the first clinical evaluation and before definitive hospitalization. Blood gas tests were performed on survivors extricated from the rubble using the iSTAT (Abbott Point of Care Inc.; Princeton, New Jersey USA) handheld blood analyzer.

Performing “victim-side” blood gas tests could provide concrete information to facilitate clinical evaluation and decision making when treating buried victims. After a natural disaster, it is essential to provide effective analgo-sedation to victims.

Blasetti AG , Petrucci E , Cofini V , Pizzi B , Scimia P , Pozone T , Necozione S , Fusco P , Marinangeli F . First Rescue Under the Rubble: The Medical Aid in the First Hours After the Earthquake in Amatrice (Italy) on August 24, 2016. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2018;33(1):109113.

Corresponding author
Correspondence: Emiliano Petrucci, MD Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care Unit San Filippo and San Nicola Hospital of Avezzano 67051, L’Aquila, Italy E-mail:
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Conflicts of interest: none

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1. Archivi giornalieri: 24 Agosto 2016. Accessed August 24, 2016.
2. Istituto Nazionale di Statistica. Accessed August 24, 2016.
4. Sever, MS, Vanholder, R. Management of crush victims in mass disasters: highlights from recently published recommendations. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2013;8(2):328-335.
5. Jadad, AR, Browman, GP. The who analgesic ladder for cancer pain management: stepping up the quality of its evaluation. JAMA. 1995;274(23):1870-1873.
6. Wang, X, Ding, X, Tong, Y, et al. Ketamine does not increase intracranial pressure compared with opioids: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Anesth. 2014;28(6):821-827.
7. Shorter, M, Macias, DJ. Portable handheld ultrasound in austere environments: use in the Haiti disaster. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012;27(2):172-177.
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Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
  • ISSN: 1049-023X
  • EISSN: 1945-1938
  • URL: /core/journals/prehospital-and-disaster-medicine
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