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Newly Recognized Stuttering in Three Young Children Following the Hojedk Earthquake in Iran

  • Hamid Jafari (a1), Mahan Mohamadi (a2), Asghar Haghjoo (a3) and Mohammad Heidari (a4)

Abstract

Natural disasters, particularly earthquakes, in addition to physical complications, have always had psychological consequences for those affected by them. Stuttering is one of the psychological consequences of shocking events. After a 6.6 magnitude earthquake in Hojedk, Kerman, Iran, two 5-year-old children and a 4-year-old child with symptoms of discontinuous speech (including repeated sound, syllable, and words) were referred to the Kerman Welfare Organization’s rehabilitation center (Kerman, Iran). After history-taking, it became clear that the children had begun to stutter after the earthquake due to fear and stress. Considering the importance of negative emotional experiences in the onset of stuttering, it cannot really be said with certainty that the negative experience of the earthquake initiated the stuttering. Rather, the stuttering had not been present before the earthquake and appeared after the event. These cases indicate the importance of psychosocial support and speech therapy after disasters, especially for children that have higher psychological vulnerability than other age groups.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence: Asghar Haghjoo State Welfare Organization of Kerman Rehabilitation Branch Amirkabir Boulevard, Kerman, Iran E-mail: ahaghjoo2010@gmail.com

References

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1. Iranian Seismological Center, Institute of Geophysics, Tehran University. http://irsc.ut.ac.ir/. Accessed December 15, 2018.
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Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
  • ISSN: 1049-023X
  • EISSN: 1945-1938
  • URL: /core/journals/prehospital-and-disaster-medicine
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