For countries faced with much talk but little action on healthcare reform, China’s National Health Guiding Principles (CNHGP), with its 60-year history, may provide a new perspective. There are four values of CNHGP for healthcare reform. First, these principles provide an innovative strategic framework for healthcare reform with three levels, from ‘One priority population’ to ‘Four approaches’ and then to ‘Two aims.’ The second is the importance of mass/grassroots participation, which runs through all three levels of CNHGP. The third value is that the CNHGP used nonspecific social approaches, an innovation in healthcare delivery that addressed the social determinants of health. The fourth value is the integration between Chinese traditional medicine and Western medicine.