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The multi-polar planetary nebula NGC 5189

  • Laurence Sabin (a1), Roberto Vázquez (a1), Jose A. Lopéz (a1) and Maria-Teresa García-Diaz (a1)
Abstract

NGC 5189 is a particularly interesting planetary nebula (PN) displaying multiple bipolar structures. This type of morphology is generally attributed to multiple mass loss events believed to originate from a precessing central source. In order to better understand this, once dubbed chaotic PN, we have investigated optical imaging combined with low- and high- resolution spectroscopic data to dissect its components. The imaging reveals three and possibly four well defined bipolar lobes showing a misalignment with respect to the central torus, although sharing the same geometric center. The high nitrogen levels detected in the elongated filaments/condensations surrounding the nebula and at the torus location highlight the presence of low ionization structures as well as the possible occurrence of shocks in the areas perturbed by large dynamical motions. Finally the kinematical study indicates moderate expansion velocities (35 km.s−1 in the western lobe, 33 km.s−1 in the central region and 44 km.s−1 in the eastern lobe). We also notice the asymmetry of the [NII] distribution and the velocities inside NGC 5189 between its North-West and South-East components.

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References
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Phillips, J. P. & Reay, N. K. 1983, A&A, 117, 33
Reay, N. K., Atherton, P. D., & Taylor, K. 1984, MNRAS, 206, 71
Soker, N. & Livio, M. 1994, ApJ, 421, 219
Soker, N. & Livio, M. 1989, ApJ, 339, 268
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Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • ISSN: 1743-9213
  • EISSN: 1743-9221
  • URL: /core/journals/proceedings-of-the-international-astronomical-union
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