This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
EA Andrews & NS Braveman (1975) The combined effects of dosage level and interstimulus interval in the formation of one trial poison-based aversions in rats. Animal Learning and Behavior 3, 287–289.
NS Braveman & J Crane (1977) Amount consumed and the formation of conditioned taste aversions. Behavioral Biology 21, 470–477.
EA Burritt & FD Provenza (1989) Food aversion learning: conditioning lambs to avoid a palatable shrub (Cercocarpus montanus). Journal of Animal Science 67, 650–653.
EA Burritt & FD Provenza (1991) Ability of lambs to learn with a delay between ingestion and consequences given meals containing novel and familiar foods. Applied Animal Behavior Science 32, 179–189.
EA Burritt & FD Provenza (1992) Lambs form preferences for nonnutritive flavors paired with glucose. Journal of Animal Science 70, 1133–1136.
EA Burritt & FD Provenza (1996) Amount of experience and prior illness affect the acquisition and persistence of conditioned food aversions in lambs. Applied Animal Behavior Science 48, 73–80.
EA Burritt & FD Provenza (1997) Effect of an unfamiliar location on the consumption of novel and familiar foods by sheep. Applied Animal Behavior Science 54, 317–325.
DA Clayton (1978) Socially facilitated behavior. Quarterly Review of Biology 53, 373–391.
WB Dragoin (1971) Conditioning and extinction of taste aversions with variations in intensity of the CS and UCS in two strains of rats. Psychonomic Science 22, 303–304.
JT du Toit , FD Provenza & A Nastis (1991) Conditioned taste aversions: how sick must a ruminant get before it learns about toxicity in foods? Applied Animal Behavior Science 30, 35–40.
GC Emmans & I Kyriazakis (1995) The idea of optimization in animals: uses and dangers. Livestock Production Science 44, 189–197.
S Fenwick , PJ Miluka & SB Klein (1975) The effect of different levels of preexposure to sucrose on the acquisition and extinction of a conditioned aversion. Behavioral Biology 14, 231–235.
JJ Franchina & SW Horowitz (1982) Effects of age and flavor preexposures on taste aversion performance. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 19, 41–44.
WJ Freeland & DH Janzen (1974) Strategies in herbivory by mammals; the role of plant secondary compounds. American Naturalist 108, 269–289.
Jr Galef BG (1986) Social interaction modifies learned aversions, sodium appetite, and both palatability and handling-time induced dietary preference in rats (Rattus norvegicus). Journal of Comparative Psychology 100, 432–439.
Jr Galef BG (1985) Socially induced diet preference can partially reverse a LiCl-induced diet aversion. Animal Learning and Behavior 13, 415–418.
Jr Galef BG , DJ Kennett & M Stein (1985) Demonstrator influence on observer diet preference: effects of simple exposure and the presence of a demonstrator. Animal Learning and Behavior 13, 25–30.
J Garcia , FR Ervin & RA Koelling (1966) Learning with prolonged delay of reinforcement. Psychonomic Science 5, 121–122.
FW Jr Grote & RT Brown (1973) Deprivation level affects extinction of conditioned taste aversion. Learning and Motivation 4, 314–319.
V Guanowsky , JR Misanin & DC Riccio (1983) Retention of conditioned taste aversion in weanling, adult and old-age rats. Behavioral and Neural Biology 37, 173–178.
CR Gustavson & JC Gustavson (1985) Predation control using conditioned food aversion methodology: theory, practice, and implications. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 443, 348–356.
JW Kalat & P Rozin (1973) ‘Learned safety’ as a mechanism in long-delay taste-aversion learning in rats. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 83, 198–207.
SL Kronberg , RB Muntifering , EL Ayers & CB Marlow (1993) Cattle avoidance of leafy spurge: a case of conditioned aversion. Journal of Range Management 46, 364–366.
EM Kruz & DA Levitsky (1982) Novelty of contextual cues in taste aversion learning. Animal Learning Behavior 10, 229–232.
I Kyriazakis , DH Anderson & AJ Duncan (1998) Conditioned flavour aversions in sheep: the relationship between the dose rate of a secondary plant compound and the acquisition and persistence of aversions. British Journal of Nutrition 79, 55–62.
I Kyriazakis , TG Papachristou , AJ Duncan & IJ Gordon (1997) Mild conditioned food aversions developed by sheep towards flavors associated with plant secondary compounds. Journal of Chemical Ecology 23, 727–746.
MA Lane , MH Ralphs , JD Olsen , FD Provenza & JA Pfister (1990) Conditioned taste aversion: potential for reducing cattle loss to larkspur. Journal of Range Management 43, 127–131.
KL Launchbaugh , FD Provenza & EA Burritt (1993) How herbivores track variable environments: response to variability of phytotoxins. Journal of Chemical Ecology 19, 1047–1056.
WA Laycock (1978) Coevolution of poisonous plants and large herbivores on rangelands. Journal of Range Management 31, 335–342.
AW Logue (1985) Conditioned food aversion learning in humans. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 443, 316–329.
M Nachman & JA Ashe (1973) Learned taste aversion in rats as a function of dosage, concentration, and rate of administration of LiCl. Physiological Behavior 10, 73–77.
M Nachman , J Rauschenberger & JH Ashe (1977) Stimulus characteristics in food aversion learning. In Food Aversion Learning, pp. 105–131 [ NW Milgram , L Krames and TM Alloway , editors]. New York: Plenum Press.
PE Nathan (1985) Aversion therapy in the treatment of alcoholism: success and failure. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 443, 357–364.
JA Pfister , FD Provenza , GD Manners , DR Gardner & MR Ralphs (1997) Tall larkspur ingestion: can cattle regulate intake below toxic levels? Journal of Chemical Ecology 23, 759–777.
FD Provenza (1995) Postingestive feedback as an elementary determinant of food preference and intake in ruminants. Journal of Range Management 48, 2–17.
FD Provenza (1996) Acquired aversions as the basis for varied diets of ruminants foraging on rangelands. Journal of Animal Science 74, 2010–2020.
FD Provenza & DF Balph (1988) Development of dietary choice in livestock on rangelands and its implications for management. Journal of Animal Science 66, 2356–2368.
FD Provenza , EA Burritt , TP Clausen , JP Bryant , PB Reichardt & RA Distel (1990) Conditioned flavor aversion: a mechanism for goats to avoid condensed tannins in blackbrush. American Naturalist 136, 810–828.
FD Provenza , JJ Lynch & JV Nolan (1993) The relative importance of mother and toxicosis in the selection of foods by lambs. Journal of Chemical Ecology 19, 313–323.
FD Provenza , JJ Villalba , CD Cheney & SJ Werner (1998) Self-organization of foraging behaviour: from simplicity to complexity without goals. Nutrition Research Reviews 11, 1–24.
MH Ralphs (1997) Persistence of aversions to larkspur in naive and native cattle. Journal of Range Management 50, 367–370.
MH Ralphs (1999) Lithium residue in milk from doses used to create food aversions: effect on nursing calves. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 61, 285–293.
MH Ralphs , D Graham , ML Galyean & LF James (1997) Creating aversions to locoweed in naive and familiar cattle. Journal of Range Management 50, 361–366.
MH Ralphs , D Graham & LF James (1994) Social facilitation influences cattle to graze locoweed. Journal of Range Management 47, 123–126.
MH Ralphs & JD Olsen (1990) Adverse influence of social facilitation and learning context in training cattle to avoid eating larkspur. Journal of Animal Science 68, 1944–1952.
MH Ralphs & JD Olsen (1992) Comparison of larkspur alkaloid extract and lithium chloride in maintaining cattle aversion to larkspur in the field. Journal of Animal Science 70, 1116–1120.
MH Ralphs & BE Stegelmeier (1998) Comparison of apomorphine and lithium chloride in creating food aversions in cattle. Applied Animal Behavior Science 56, 129–137.
S Revusky , RW Pohl & S Coombes (1980) Flavor aversions and deprivation state. Animal Learning and Behavior 8, 543–549.
AL Riley & DL Tuck (1985) Conditioned taste aversion: a behavioral index to toxicity. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 443, 272–292.
P Rozin & JW Kalat (1971) Specific hungers and poison avoidance as adaptive specializations of learning. Psychological Review 78, 459–485.
A Sclafani (1996) How food preferences are learned: laboratory animal models. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 54, 419–427.
TR Scott (1990) Gustatory control of food selection. In Handbook of Behavioral Neurobiology, Vol. 10, pp. 243–263 [ EM Stricker , editor]. New York: Plenum Press.
SA Shumake , RT Sterner , SE Gaddis & KA Crane (1982) Conditioned taste aversion in Philippine rice rats (Ratus mindanensis): comparisons among drugs, dosages, modes of administration, and sexes. Animal Learning and Behavior 10, 499–504.
AD Springer & SM Fraley (1981) Extinction of a conditioned taste aversion in young, mid-aged, and aged C57/BL6 mice. Behavior Neural Biology 32, 282–294.
RC Squibb , FD Provenza & DF Balph (1990) Effect of age of exposure on consumption of a shrub by sheep. Journal of Animal Science 68, 987–997.
PA Steinert , RN Infurna & NE Spear (1980) Long-term retention of a conditioned taste aversion in preweanling and adult rats. Animal Learning and Behavior 8, 375–381.
AG Thorhallsdottir , FD Provenza & DF Balph (1990) Social influences on conditioned food aversions in sheep. Applied Animal Behavioral Science 25, 45–50.
JJ Villalba & FD Provenza (1996) Preference for flavored wheat straw by lambs conditioned with intraruminal administrations of sodium propionate. Journal of Animal Science 74, 2362–2368.
JJ Villalba & FD Provenza (1997a) Preference for wheat straw by lambs conditioned with intraruminal infusions of starch. British Journal of Nutrition 77, 287–297.
JJ Villalba & FD Provenza (1997b) Preference for flavoured foods by lambs conditioned with intraruminal administration of nitrogen. British Journal of Nutrition 78, 545–561.
JJ Villalba & FD Provenza (1997c) Preference for flavored wheat straw by lambs conditioned with intraruminal infusions of acetate and propionate. Journal of Animal Science 75, 2905–2914.
J Wang & FD Provenza (1996) Food deprivation affects preference of sheep for foods varying in nutrients and a toxin. Journal of Chemical Ecology 22, 2011–2021.
J Wang & FD Provenza (1997) Dynamics of preference by sheep offered foods varying in flavors, nutrients, and a toxin. Journal of Chemical Ecology 23, 175–288.
PJ Wellman & CG Boissard (1981) Influence of fluid deprivation level on the extinction of conditioned taste aversion induced by amphetamine in female rats. Physiological Psychology 9, 281–284.
RB Zajonc (1968) Attitudinal effects of mere exposure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Monograph Suppl. 9, 1–27.