Esteban-Cornejo, Irene Izquierdo-Gomez, Rocio Gómez-Martínez, Sonia Padilla-Moledo, Carmen Castro-Piñero, Jose Marcos, Ascensión and Veiga, Oscar L. 2016. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and academic performance in youth: the UP&DOWN study. European Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 55, Issue. 3, p. 1133.
Feart, Catherine Letenneur, Luc Helmer, Catherine Samieri, Cécilia Schalch, Wolfgang Etheve, Stéphane Delcourt, Cécile Dartigues, Jean-François and Barberger-Gateau, Pascale 2016. Plasma Carotenoids Are Inversely Associated With Dementia Risk in an Elderly French Cohort. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, Vol. 71, Issue. 5, p. 683.
Hardman, Roy J. Kennedy, Greg Macpherson, Helen Scholey, Andrew B. and Pipingas, Andrew 2016. Adherence to a Mediterranean-Style Diet and Effects on Cognition in Adults: A Qualitative Evaluation and Systematic Review of Longitudinal and Prospective Trials. Frontiers in Nutrition, Vol. 3,
Haring, Bernhard Wu, Chunyuan Mossavar-Rahmani, Yasmin Snetselaar, Linda Brunner, Robert Wallace, Robert B. Neuhouser, Marian L. and Wassertheil-Smoller, Sylvia 2016. No Association between Dietary Patterns and Risk for Cognitive Decline in Older Women with 9-Year Follow-Up: Data from the Women’s Health Initiative Memory Study. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Vol. 116, Issue. 6, p. 921.
Kadish, Inga Kumar, Ashish Beitnere, Ulrika Jennings, Emily McGilberry, William and van Groen, Thomas 2016. Dietary composition affects the development of cognitive deficits in WT and Tg AD model mice. Experimental Gerontology,
Rivadeneyra, Jéssica Cubo, Esther Gil, Cecilia Calvo, Sara Mariscal, Natividad and Martínez, Asunción 2016. Factors associated with Mediterranean diet adherence in Huntington's disease. Clinical Nutrition ESPEN, Vol. 12, p. e7.
Barberger-Gateau, P. Samieri, C. and Féart, C. 2015. Le régime méditerranéen peut-il ralentir le déclin cognitif lié à l’âge ?. Phytothérapie, Vol. 13, Issue. 2, p. 96.
Caldwell, Charles C. Yao, Jia and Brinton, Roberta Diaz 2015. Targeting the Prodromal Stage of Alzheimer’s Disease: Bioenergetic and Mitochondrial Opportunities. Neurotherapeutics, Vol. 12, Issue. 1, p. 66.
Etherton, Anne Kristine and Omaye, Stanley T. 2015. Oxidation of olive oil fortified with quercetin, caffeic acid, tyrosol and hydroxytyrosol. Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 45, Issue. 3, p. 493.
Feart, Catherine and Barberger-Gateau, Pascale 2015. Diet and Nutrition in Dementia and Cognitive Decline.
Feart, Catherine Samieri, Cécilia and Barberger-Gateau, Pascale 2015. Mediterranean diet and cognitive health. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, Vol. 18, Issue. 1, p. 51.
Fedor, A. Garcia, S. and Gunstad, J. 2015. The Effects of a Brief, Water-Based Exercise Intervention on Cognitive Function in Older Adults. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, Vol. 30, Issue. 2, p. 139.
Galbete, Cecilia Toledo, E. Toledo, J. B. Bes-Rastrollo, M. Buil-Cosiales, P. Marti, A. Guillén-Grima, F. and Martínez-González, M. A. 2015. Mediterranean diet and cognitive function: The sun project. The journal of nutrition, health & aging, Vol. 19, Issue. 3, p. 305.
Haapala, Eero A. Eloranta, Aino-Maija Venäläinen, Taisa Schwab, Ursula Lindi, Virpi and Lakka, Timo A. 2015. Associations of diet quality with cognition in children – the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children Study. British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 114, Issue. 07, p. 1080.
Koyama, Alain Houston, Denise K. Simonsick, Eleanor M. Lee, Jung Sun Ayonayon, Hilsa N. Shahar, Danit R. Rosano, Caterina Satterfield, Suzanne and Yaffe, Kristine 2015. Association Between the Mediterranean Diet and Cognitive Decline in a Biracial Population. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, Vol. 70, Issue. 3, p. 354.
Krause, Debra Margetts, Christine and Roupas, Peter 2015. Diet and Nutrition in Dementia and Cognitive Decline.
Macpherson, Helen Lee, Jaime Villalon, Lorena Pase, Matthew Pipingas, Andrew and Scholey, Andrew 2015. The Mediterranean Diet.
McEvoy, Claire T. and Woodside, Jayne V. 2015. Glucose Intake and Utilization in Pre-Diabetes and Diabetes.
Nassivera, Federico and Sillani, Sandro 2015. Consumer perceptions and motivations in choice of minimally processed vegetables. British Food Journal, Vol. 117, Issue. 3, p. 970.
Padayachee, A. Day, L. Howell, K. and Gidley, M.J. 2015. Complexity and Health Functionality of Plant Cell Wall Fibres from Fruits and Vegetables. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, p. 00.
The purpose of this review was to update available knowledge on the relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MeDi) and cognitive decline, risk of dementia or Alzheimer's Disease (AD), and to analyse the reasons for some inconsistent results across studies. The traditional MeDi has been recognised by the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. This dietary pattern is characterised by a high consumption of plant foods (i.e. vegetables, fruits, legumes and cereals), a high intake of olive oil as the main source of fat, a moderate intake of fish, low-to-moderate intake of dairy products and low consumption of meat and poultry, with wine consumed in low-to-moderate amounts during meals. Beyond the well-known association between higher adherence to the MeDi and lower risk of mortality, in particular from CVD and cancer, new data from large epidemiological studies suggest a relationship between MeDi adherence and cognitive decline or risk of dementia. However, some inconsistent results have been found as well, even in Mediterranean countries. In this review, we analyse the reasons likely to explain these discrepancies, and propose that most of these differences are due to variations in the methodology used to assess MeDi adherence. We also discuss the possibility of residual confounding by lifestyle, that is, greater adherents to the MeDi also have a healthier lifestyle in general, which can favourably affect cognition. In conclusion, large-scale studies in various populations with common methodology are required before considering the MeDi as an optimal dietary strategy to prevent cognitive decline or dementia.
This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.