Benedict F. G., Miles W. R., Roth P. & Smith M. (1919). Human Vitality and Efficiency Under Prolonged Restricted Diet. Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication no. 280. Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution of Washington.
Denton R. M. & McCormack J. G. (1995). Fuel selection at the level of the mitochondria in mammalian tissues. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 54, 11–22.
Dulloo A. G. & Girardier L. (1992). Influence of dietary composition on energy expenditure during recovery of body weight in the rat: implications for catch-up growth and obesity relapse. Metabolism 41, 1336–1342.
Elia M. (1992). Effects of starvation and very low calorie diets on protein-energy interrelationships in lean and obese subjects. In Protein–Energy Interaction, pp. 249–284 [Scrimshaw N. S. and Schürch B., editors]. Lausanne, Switzerland: IDECG.
Even P. C. & Nicolaidis S. (1993). Adaptive changes in energy expenditure during mild and severe feed restriction in the rat. British Journal of Nutrition 70, 421–431.
Gallen I. W. & Macdonald I. A. (1990). The effects of underfeeding for 7 d on the thermogenic and physiological response to glucose and insulin infusion (hyperinsulinaemic euglycaemic clamp). British Journal of Nutrition 64, 427–437.
Gallen I. W., Macdonald I. A. & Mansell P. I. (1990). The effects of a 48 h fast on the physiological responses to food ingestion in normal weight women. British Journal of Nutrition 63, 53–64.
Grande F., Anderson J. T. & Keys A. (1958). Changes of basal metabolic rate in man in semistravation and refeeding. Journal of Applied Physiology 12, 230–238.
Jensen M. D., Haymond M. W., Gerich J. E., Cryer P. E. & Miles J. M. (1987). Lipolysis during fasting: Decreased suppression by insulin and increased stimulation by epinephrine. Journal of Clinical Investigation 79, 207–213.
Jéquier E. (1995). Nutrient effects: postabsorptive interactions. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 54, 253–265.
Keys A., Brozek J., Henschel A., Mickelsen O. & Taylor H. L. (1950). The Biology of Human Starvation. Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press.
Klein S., Holland O. B. & Wolfe R. R. (1990). Importance of blood glucose concentration in regulating lipolysis during fasting in humans. American Journal of Physiology 258, E32–E39.
Klein S., Peters E. J., Holland O. B. & Wolfe R. R. (1989). Effect of short- and long-term β-adrenergic blockade on lipolysis during fasting in humans. American Journal of Physiology 257, E65–E73.
Klein S., Sakurai Y., Romijn J. A. & Carroll R. M. (1993). Progressive alterations in lipid and glucose metabolism during short-term fasting in young adult men. American Journal of Physiology 265, E801–E806.
Kurpad A. V., Kulkarni R. N., Sheela M. L. & Shetty P. S. (1989). Thermogenic responses to graded doses of noradrenaline in undernourished Indian male subjects. British Journal of Nutrition 61, 201–208.
Mansell P. I., Fellows I. W. & Macdonald I. A. (1990). Enhanced thermogenic response to epinephrine after 48 h starvation in humans. American Journal of Physiology 258, R87–R93.
Mansell P. I. & Macdonald I. A. (1988). The effect of underfeeding on the physiological response to food ingestion in normal weight women. British Journal of Nutrition 60, 39–48.
Mansell P. I. & Macdonald I. A. (1989). Underfeeding and the physiological responses to infused epinephrine in lean women. American Journal of Physiology 256, R583–R589.
Mansell P. I. & Macdonald I. A. (1990). The effect of starvation on insulin-induced glucose disposal and thermogenesis in humans. Metabolism 39, 502–510.
Owen O. E., Morgan A. P., Kemp H. G., Sullivan J. M., Herrera M. G. & Cahill G. F. (1967). Brain metabolism during fasting. Journal of Clinical Investigation 46, 1589–1595.
Piers L. S., Soares M. J., Kulkarni R. N. & Shetty P. S. (1992 a). Thermic effect of a meal. 3. Effect of dietary supplementation in chronically undernourished human subjects. British Journal of Nutrition 67, 187–194.
Piers L. S., Soares M. J. & Shetty P. S. (1992 b). Thermic effect of a meal. 2. Role in chronic undernutrition. British Journal of Nutrition 67, 177–185.
Romijn J. A., Godfried M. H., Hommes M. J. T., Endert E. & Sauerwein H. P. (1990). Decreased glucose oxidation during short-term starvation. Metabolism 39, 525–530.
Shetty P. S. (1993). Chronic undernutrition and metabolic adaptation. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 52, 267–284.
Shulman G. I. & Landau B. R. (1992). Pathways of glycogen repletion. Physiological Reviews 72, 1019–1035.
Webber J. (1993). The effects of acute starvation and of obesity on thermogenesis and substrate utilization in man. DM Thesis, University of Nottingham.
Webber J. & Macdonald I. A. (1994). The cardiovascular, metabolic and hormonal changes accompanying acute starvation in men and women. British Journal of Nutrition 71, 437–447.
Webber J., Taylor J., Greathead H., Dawson J., Buttery P. J. & Macdonald I. A. (1994). Effects of fasting on fatty acid kinetics and on cardiovascular, thermogenic and metabolic responses to the glucose clamp. Clinical Science 87, 697–706.
Wolfe R. R., Peter E. J., Klein S., Holland O. B., Rosenblatt J. & Gary H. Jr (1987). Effect of short-term fasting on lipolytic responsiveness in normal and obese humans. American Journal of Physiology 252, E189–E196.