Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 33
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Craig, Daniel M. Ashcroft, Stephen P. Belew, Micah Y. Stocks, Ben Currell, Kevin Baar, Keith and Philp, Andrew 2015. Utilizing small nutrient compounds as enhancers of exercise-induced mitochondrial biogenesis. Frontiers in Physiology, Vol. 6,


    Davison, G. 2014. Milk and Dairy Products as Functional Foods.


    Bird, Stephen P. Mabon, Tom Pryde, Mitchell Feebrey, Sarah and Cannon, Jack 2013. Triphasic multinutrient supplementation during acute resistance exercise improves session volume load and reduces muscle damage in strength-trained athletes. Nutrition Research, Vol. 33, Issue. 5, p. 376.


    2013. Nutrition for Sport and Exercise.


    Becker, Geórgia Franco Macedo, Rodrigo Cauduro Oliveira Cunha, Giovani dos Santos Martins, Jocelito Bijoldo Laitano, Orlando and Reischak-Oliveira, Alvaro 2012. Combined effects of aerobic exercise and high-carbohydrate meal on plasma acylated ghrelin and levels of hunger. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Vol. 37, Issue. 1, p. 184.


    Drenowatz, Clemens Eisenmann, Joey C. Carlson, Joseph J. Pfeiffer, Karin A. and Pivarnik, James M. 2012. Energy expenditure and dietary intake during high-volume and low-volume training periods among male endurance athletes. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Vol. 37, Issue. 2, p. 199.


    Allegri, C. Turconi, G. and Cena, H. 2011. Dietary attitudes and diseases of comfort. Eating and Weight Disorders, Vol. 16, Issue. 4, p. e226.


    Ghloum, Kazem and Hajji, Salman 2011. Comparison of diet consumption, body composition and lipoprotein lipid values of Kuwaiti fencing players with international norms. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, Vol. 8, Issue. 1, p. 13.


    Eslami, S. Karandish, M. Marandi, S.M. and Zand-Mogha, A. 2010. Effects of Whey Protein Supplementation on Hematological Parameters in Healthy Young Resistance Male Athletes. Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 10, Issue. 11, p. 991.


    Borrione, Paolo Grasso, Loredana Quaranta, Federico and Parisi, Attilio 2009. Vegetarian Diet and Athletes. Sport- und Präventivmedizin, Vol. 39, Issue. 1, p. 20.


    Eslami, S. Karandish, M. Marandi, S.M. and Zand-Moghaddam, A. 2009. The Study of Whey Protein Supplementation on Plasma Essential Amino Acids Concentrations after Resistance Exercise in Healthy Young Athletes. Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 9, Issue. 2, p. 145.


    Volpe, Stella 2009. Nutritional Concerns in Recreation, Exercise, and Sport.


    Alberti, Giampietro Sirtori, Cesare R. Iriti, Marcello and Arnoldi, Anna 2008. Acceptability of lupin protein products in healthy competitive athletes. Sport Sciences for Health, Vol. 3, Issue. 3, p. 65.


    Flenker, Ulrich Güntner, Ute and Schänzer, Wilhelm 2008. δC13-Values of endogenous urinary steroids. Steroids, Vol. 73, Issue. 4, p. 408.


    Graf, C. and Holtz, K. 2008. Körperliche Aktivität. Monatsschrift Kinderheilkunde, Vol. 156, Issue. 1, p. 33.


    Graf, C. and Holtz, K. 2008. Körperliche Aktivität. Ernährung - Wissenschaft und Praxis, Vol. 2, Issue. 5, p. 205.


    Schröder, Sandra Fischer, Alexandra Vock, Christina Böhme, Mike Schmelzer, Constance Döpner, Myriam Hülsmann, Olaf and Döring, Frank 2008. Nutrition Concepts for Elite Distance Runners Based on Macronutrient and Energy Expenditure. Journal of Athletic Training, Vol. 43, Issue. 5, p. 489.


    Bernardi, Elisabetta Delussu, Sofia A. Quattrini, Filippo M. Rodio, Angelo and Bernardi, Marco 2007. Energy balance and dietary habits of America's Cup sailors. Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 25, Issue. 10, p. 1153.


    Manski, Julita M. van der Goot, Atze J. and Boom, Remko M. 2007. Advances in structure formation of anisotropic protein-rich foods through novel processing concepts. Trends in Food Science & Technology, Vol. 18, Issue. 11, p. 546.


    Palou, A. and Bonet, M.L. 2007. Novel Food Ingredients for Weight Control.


    ×

The athlete’s diet: nutritional goals and dietary strategies

  • Ron Maughan (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PNS2001132
  • Published online: 01 February 2007
Abstract

When talented, motivated and highly trained athletes meet for competition the margin between victory and defeat is usually small. When everything else is equal, nutrition can make the difference between winning and losing. Although the primary concern of many athletes is to supplement the diet with protein, vitamins and minerals, and a range of more exotic compounds, key dietary issues are often neglected. Athletes must establish their nutritional goals, and must also be able to translate them into dietary strategies that will meet these goals. Athletes are often concerned with dietary manipulations in the period around competition, but the main role of nutrition may be to support consistent intensive training which will lead to improved performance. Meeting energy demand and maintaining body mass and body fat at appropriate levels are key goals. An adequate intake of carbohydrate is crucial for maintaining muscle glycogen stores during hard training, but the types of food and the timing of intake are also important. Protein ingestion may stimulate muscle protein synthesis in the post-exercise period, promoting the process of adaptation in the muscles. Restoration of fluid and electrolyte balance after exercise is essential. If energy intake is high and a varied diet is consumed, supplementation of the diet with vitamins and minerals is not warranted, unless a specific deficiency is identified. Specific strategies before competition may be necessary, but this requirement depends on the demands of the sport. Generally, it is important to ensure high pre-competition glycogen stores and to maintain fluid balance. There is limited evidence to support the use of dietary supplements, but some, including perhaps creatine and caffeine, may be beneficial.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The athlete’s diet: nutritional goals and dietary strategies
      Your Kindle email address
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The athlete’s diet: nutritional goals and dietary strategies
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The athlete’s diet: nutritional goals and dietary strategies
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding Author: Professor Ron Maughan, fax +44 1224 553800, email r.maughan@abdn.ac.uk
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

NC Bishop , AK Blannin , NP Walsh & M Gleeson (2001) Carbohydrate beverage ingestion and neutrophil degranulation responses following cycling to fatigue at 75 % VO2max. International Journal of Sports Medicine 22, 226231.

LM Burke & RSD Read (1993) Dietary supplements in sport. Sports Medicine 15, 4365.

PM Clarkson (1997) Eccentric exercise and muscle damage. International Journal of Sports Medicine 18, S314S317.

EF Coyle (1991) Timing and method of increased carbohydrate intake to cope with heavy training, competition and recovery. Journal of Sports Science 9, Special issue, 2952.

JM Davis (2000) Nutrition, neurotransmitters and central nervous system fatigue. In Nutrition in Sport, pp. 171183 [RJ Maughan , editor]. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

TE Graham , JWE Rush & MH Van Soeren (1994) Caffeine and exercise: metabolism and performance. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology 19, 111138.

PL Greenhaff (2000) Creatine. In Nutrition in Sport, pp. 367378 [RJ Maughan , editor]. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

RC Harris , K Soderlund & E Hultman (1992) Elevation of creatine in resting and exercised muscle of normal subjects by creatine supplementation. Clinical Science 83, 367374.

JA Hawley (1998) Fat burning during exercise: can ergogenics change the balance? The Physician and Sportsmedicine 26, 5963.

JW Helge , EA Richter & B Kiens (1996) Interaction of training and diet on metabolism and endurance during exercise in man. Journal of Physiology 492, 293306.

JL Ivy (2000) Optimization of glycogen stores. In Nutrition in Sport, pp. 97111 [R Maughan , editor]. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

AE Jeukendrup , NP Craig & JA Hawley (2000) The bioenergetics of world class cycling. Journal of Medicine and Science in Sport 3, 414433.

F Lang , GL Busch & K Volkl (1998) The diversity of volume regulatory mechanisms. Cell Physiology and Biochemistry 8, 145.

PWR Lemon (1991) Effect of exercise on protein requirements. Journal of Sports Science 9, Special issue, 5370.

SY Low , MJ Rennie & PM Taylor (1997 a) Modulation of glycogen synthesis in rate skeletal muscle by changes in cell volume. Journal of Physiology 495, 299303.

L McNaughton (1990) Sodium citrate and anaerobic performance: implications of dosage. European Journal of Applied Physiology 61, 392397.

RJ Maughan (editor) (2000 a). Nutrition in Sport. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

RJ Maughan (editor) (2000 b) Water and electrolyte loss and replacement in exercise. In Nutrition in Sport, pp. 226240. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

DC Nieman & BK Pedersen (1999) Exercise and immune function. Sports Medicine 27, 7380.

L Packer (1997) Oxidants, antioxidant nutrients and the athlete. Journal of Sports Science 15, 353363.

BK Pedersen , H Bruunsgaard , M Jensen , AD Toft , H Hansen & K Ostrowski (1999) Exercise and the immune system – influence of nutrition and ageing. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 2, 234252.

BK Pedersen , JW Helge , EA Richter , T Rohde & B Kiens (2000) Training and natural immunity: effects of diets rich in fat or carbohydrate. European Journal of Applied Physiology 82, 98102.

K Piehl (1974) Time-course for refilling of glycogen stores in human muscle fibers following exercise-induced glycogen depletion. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 90, 297302.

MJ Rennie , SY Low , PM Taylor , SE Khogali , PC Yao & A Ahmed (1998) Amino acid transport during muscle contraction and its relevance to exercise. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 441, 299305.

O Ronsen , J Sundgot-Borgen & S Maehlum (1999) Supplement use and nutritional habits in Norwegian elite athletes. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 9, 2835.

MN Sawka , WA Latzka & SJ Montain (2000) Effects of dehydration and rehydration on performance. In Nutrition in Sport, pp. 216225 [RJ Maughan , editor]. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

LL Spriet & RA Howlett (2000) Caffeine. In Nutrition in Sport, pp. 379392 [RJ Maughan , editor]. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

G Van Hall , WHM Saris , PAI Van de Schoor & AJM Wagenmakers (2000 a) The effect of free glutamine and peptide ingestion on the rate of muscle glycogen resynthesis in man. International Journal of Sports Medicine 21, 2530.

S Waldegger & F Lang (1997) Cell volume and gene expression. Journal of Membrane Biology 162, 95100.

NP Walsh , AK Blannin , PJ Robson & M Gleeson (1998) Glutamine, exercise and immune function. Sports Medicine 26, 177191.

RD Wemple , DR Lamb & KH McKeever (1997) Caffeine vs caffeine-free sports drinks: effects on urine production at rest and during prolonged exercise. International Journal of Sports Medicine 18, 4046.

WM Wilson & RJ Maughan (1992) A role for serotonin in the genesis of fatigue in man: administration of a 5-hydroxytryptamine reuptake inhibitor (Paroxetine) reduces the capacity to perform prolonged exercise. Experimental Physiology 77, 921924.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
  • ISSN: 0029-6651
  • EISSN: 1475-2719
  • URL: /core/journals/proceedings-of-the-nutrition-society
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: