Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 72
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Blechert, J. Testa, G. Georgii, C. Klimesch, W. and Wilhelm, F.H. 2016. The Pavlovian craver: Neural and experiential correlates of single trial naturalistic food conditioning in humans. Physiology & Behavior, Vol. 158, p. 18.


    Duarte, Cristiana Pinto-Gouveia, José Ferreira, Cláudia and Silva, Bárbara 2016. Caught in the struggle with food craving: Development and validation of a new cognitive fusion measure. Appetite, Vol. 101, p. 146.


    Firmin, Michael W. Gillette, Aubrey L. Hobbs, Taylor E. and Wu, Di 2016. Effects of olfactory sense on chocolate craving. Appetite, Vol. 105, p. 700.


    Ihssen, Niklas Sokunbi, Moses O. Lawrence, Andrew D. Lawrence, Natalia S. and Linden, David E. J. 2016. Neurofeedback of visual food cue reactivity: a potential avenue to alter incentive sensitization and craving. Brain Imaging and Behavior,


    Lombardo, Caterina Iani, Luca and Barbaranelli, Claudio 2016. Validation of an Italian version of the Food Craving Questionnaire-State: Factor structure and sensitivity to manipulation. Eating Behaviors, Vol. 22, p. 182.


    Brockmeyer, Timo Hahn, Carolyn Reetz, Christina Schmidt, Ulrike and Friederich, Hans-Christoph 2015. Approach bias and cue reactivity towards food in people with high versus low levels of food craving. Appetite, Vol. 95, p. 197.


    Brockmeyer, Timo Hahn, Carolyn Reetz, Christina Schmidt, Ulrike and Friederich, Hans-Christoph 2015. Approach Bias Modification in Food Craving-A Proof-of-Concept Study. European Eating Disorders Review, Vol. 23, Issue. 5, p. 352.


    Dalton, M Finlayson, G Hill, A and Blundell, J 2015. Preliminary validation and principal components analysis of the Control of Eating Questionnaire (CoEQ) for the experience of food craving. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 69, Issue. 12, p. 1313.


    Geary, N. and Asarian, L. 2015. Reference Module in Biomedical Sciences.


    Giuliani, Nicole R. and Berkman, Elliot T. 2015. Craving Is an Affective State and Its Regulation Can Be Understood in Terms of the Extended Process Model of Emotion Regulation. Psychological Inquiry, Vol. 26, Issue. 1, p. 48.


    Greenway, F L 2015. Physiological adaptations to weight loss and factors favouring weight regain. International Journal of Obesity, Vol. 39, Issue. 8, p. 1188.


    Leroy, Frédéric and Praet, Istvan 2015. Meat traditions. The co-evolution of humans and meat. Appetite, Vol. 90, p. 200.


    Meule, Adrian and Hormes, Julia M. 2015. Chocolate versions of the Food Cravings Questionnaires. Associations with chocolate exposure-induced salivary flow and ad libitum chocolate consumption. Appetite, Vol. 91, p. 256.


    Moore, David J. and Konrath, Sara 2015. “I can almost taste it:” Why people with strong positive emotions experience higher levels of food craving, salivation and eating intentions. Journal of Consumer Psychology, Vol. 25, Issue. 1, p. 42.


    Schmidt, Jennifer and Martin, Alexandra 2015. Neurofeedback Reduces Overeating Episodes in Female Restrained Eaters: A Randomized Controlled Pilot-Study. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, Vol. 40, Issue. 4, p. 283.


    Vadiveloo, Maya K. and Parekh, Niyati 2015. Dietary Variety. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 49, Issue. 6, p. 974.


    Billes, Sonja K. Sinnayah, Puspha and Cowley, Michael A. 2014. Naltrexone/bupropion for obesity: An investigational combination pharmacotherapy for weight loss. Pharmacological Research, Vol. 84, p. 1.


    Finkel, Eli J. 2014.


    Gearhardt, Ashley N. Rizk, Marianne T. and Treat, Teresa A. 2014. The association of food characteristics and individual differences with ratings of craving and liking. Appetite, Vol. 79, p. 166.


    Geary, Nori 2014. A physiological perspective on the neuroscience of eating. Physiology & Behavior, Vol. 136, p. 3.


    ×

The psychology of food craving*: Symposium on ‘Molecular mechanisms and psychology of food intake’

  • Andrew J. Hill (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0029665107005502
  • Published online: 01 April 2007
Abstract

Cravings are hedonic responses to food, characterised by their intensity and their specificity. Food cravings are extremely common, reported by the majority of young adults. They are closely associated with liking but not synonymous with increased intake. Structured interviews and prospective incident accounts of food cravings have succeeded in revealing a richness of information about their character, their antecedents and their consequences. In addition, laboratory investigations are adding to what is being learned from field and clinical studies. Taking dieting as an example of an assumed influence on food craving, the outcomes of cross-sectional studies are mixed and unconvincing. Prospective and experimental research shows a clearer relationship. Dieting or restrained eating generally increase the likelihood of food craving while fasting makes craving, like hunger, diminish. Attempted restriction or deprivation of a particular food is associated with an increase in craving for the unavailable food. This relationship suggests a variety of underlying cognitive, conditioning and emotional processes, of which ironic cognitive processes, conditioned cue reactivity and dysphoric mood are prominent. Food cravings may also be self-attributions, accounting for why a highly-palatable but self-restricted food is (over-)consumed. Overall, the popularised account of cravings as elicited by specific nutritional need is having to give way to a more subtle and complex appreciation of human eating behaviour.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The psychology of food craving*
      Your Kindle email address
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The psychology of food craving*
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The psychology of food craving*
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author: Professor Andrew Hill, fax +44 113 2433719, email a.j.hill@leeds.ac.uk
Footnotes
Hide All

The other papers from this symposium were published in Proceedings of the Nutrition Society (2007), 66, 113–155.

Footnotes
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

FA Carter , VVW McIntosh , PR Joyce , CMA Frampton & CM Bulik (2006) Cue reactivity in bulimia nervosa: A useful self-report approach. International Journal of Eating Disorders 39, 694699.

JS Coelho , J Polivy & CP Herman (2006) Selective carbohydrate or protein restriction: Effects on subsequent food intake and cravings. Appetite 47, 352360.

IT Cohen , BB Sherwin & AS Fleming (1987) Food cravings, mood and the menstrual cycle. Hormones and Behavior 21, 457470.

LM Delahanty , JB Meigs , D Hayden , DA Williamson & DM Nathan (2002) Psychological and behavioural correlates of baseline BMI in the diabetes prevention program (DPP). Diabetes Care 25, 19921998.

I Federoff , J Polivy & CP Herman (2003) The specificity of restrained versus unrestrained eaters' responses to food cues: General desire to eat, or craving for the cued food? Appetite 41, 713.

KA Gendall , PR Joyce & PF Sullivan (1997) Impact of definition on prevalence of food cravings in a random sample of young women. Appetite 28, 6372.

KA Halmi & SR Sunday (1991) Temporal patterns of hunger and fullness ratings and related cognitions in anorexia and bulimia. Appetite 16, 219237.

J Harvey , RR Wing & M Mullen (1993) Effects on food cravings of a very low calorie diet or a balanced, low calorie diet. Appetite 21, 105115.

AJ Hill & L Heaton-Brown (1994) The experience of food craving: A prospective investigation in healthy women. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 38, 801814.

AJ Hill , CFL Weaver & JE Blundell (1991) Food craving, dietary restraint and mood. Appetite 17, 187197.

A Jansen (1998) A learning model of binge eating: Cue reactivity and cue exposure. Behavior Research and Therapy 36, 257272.

L Johnston , CM Bulik & V Anstiss (1999) Suppressing thoughts about chocolate. International Journal of Eating Disorders 26, 2127.

DJ Kavanagh , J Andrade & J May (2005) Imaginary relish and exquisite torture: The elaborated intrusion theory of desire. Psychological Review 112, 446467.

L Lafay , F Thomas , L Mennen , MA Charles , E Eschege , JM Borys & A Basdevant (2001) Gender differences in the relation between food cravings and mood in an adult community: Results from the Fleurbaix Laventie Ville Santé study. International Journal of Eating Disorders 29, 195204.

A McClelland , E Kemps & M Tiggemann (2006) Reduction of vividness and associated craving in personalized food imagery. Journal of Clinical Psychology 62, 355365.

JI Macdiarmid & MM Hetherington (1995) Mood modulation by food: An exploration of affect and craving in ‘chocolate addicts’. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 34, 129138.

M Macht & G Simons (2000) Emotions and eating in everyday life. Appetite 35, 6571.

BF Malle (2006) The actor-observer asymmetry in attribution: A (surprising) meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin 132, 895919.

T Mann & A Ward (2001) Forbidden fruit: Does thinking about a prohibited food lead to its consumption? International Journal of Eating Disorders 29, 319327.

CK Martin , PM O'Neil & L Pawlow (2006) Changes in food cravings during low-calorie and very-low-calorie diets. Obesity 14, 115121.

C Nederkoorn , FTY Smulders & A Jansen (2000) Cephalic phase responses, craving and food intake in normal subjects. Appetite 35, 4555.

M Nichter , C Ritenbaugh , M Nichter , N Vuckovic & M Aickin (1995) Dieting and ‘watching’ behaviours among adolescent females: Report of a multimethod study. Journal of Adolescent Health 17, 153162.

J Overduin , A Jansen & H Eilkes (1997) Cue reactivity to food- and body-related stimuli in restrained and unrestrained eaters. Addictive Behaviors 22, 395404.

S Parker , N Kamel & D Zellner (2003) Food craving patterns in Egypt: Comparisons with North America and Spain. Appetite 40, 193195.

ML Pelchat (1997) Food cravings in young and elderly adults. Appetite 28, 103113.

ML Pelchat (2002) Of human bondage: Food craving, obsession, compulsion, and addiction. Physiology and Behavior 76, 347352.

ML Pelchat & S Schaefer (2000) Dietary monotony and food cravings in young and elderly adults. Physiology and Behavior 68, 353359.

J Polivy , J Coleman & CP Herman (2005) The effect of deprivation on food cravings and eating behaviour in restrained and unrestrained eaters. International Journal of Eating Disorders 38, 301309.

J Rodin , J Mancuso , J Granger & E Nelback (1991) Food cravings in relation to body mass index, restraint and estradiol levels: A repeated measures study in healthy women. Appetite 17, 177185.

S Rodríguez , MC Fernández , A Cepada-Benito & J Vila (2005) Subjective and physiological reactivity to chocolate images in high and low chocolate cravers. Biological Psychology 70, 918.

PJ Rogers & AJ Hill (1989) Breakdown of dietary restraint following mere exposure to food stimuli: interrelationships between restraint, hunger, salivation, and food intake. Addictive Behaviors 14, 387397.

PJ Rogers & HJ Smit (2000) Food craving and food ‘addiction’: A critical review of the evidence from a biopsychosocial perspective. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 66, 314.

DG Schlundt , KL Virts , T Sbrocco , J Pope-Cordle & JO Hill (1993) A sequential behavioural analysis of craving sweets in obese women. Addictive Behaviors 18, 6780.

B Soetens & C Braet (2006) ‘The weight of a thought’: Food-related thought suppression in obese and normal-weight youngsters. Appetite 46, 309317.

MWJ Strachan , FME Ewing , BM Frier , A Harper & IJ Deary (2004) Food cravings during acute hypoglycaemia in adults with Type 1 diabetes. Physiology and Behavior 80, 675682.

M Tiggemann & E Kemps (2005) The phenomenology of food cravings: The role of mental imagery. Appetite 45, 305313.

C Warren & PJ Cooper (1988) Psychological effects of dieting. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 27, 269270.

A Waters , A Hill & G Waller (2000) Internal and external antecedents of binge eating episodes in a group of women with bulimia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders 29, 1722.

A Waters , A Hill & G Waller (2001) Bulimics' responses to food cravings: Is binge-eating a product of hunger or emotional state? Behavior Research and Therapy 39, 877886.

DM Wegner (1997) When the antidote is the poison: Ironic mental control processes. Psychological Science 8, 148150.

HP Weingarten & D Elston (1990) The phenomenology of food cravings. Appetite 15, 231246.

HP Weingarten & D Elston (1991) Food cravings in a college population. Appetite 17, 167175.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
  • ISSN: 0029-6651
  • EISSN: 1475-2719
  • URL: /core/journals/proceedings-of-the-nutrition-society
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: