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The Late Upper Palaeolithic Lithic Collection from Gough's Cave, Cheddar, Somerset and Human Use of the cave

  • Roger Jacobi (a1)

Abstract

A first formal description is given of the largest collection of lithic artefacts from Britain to be clearly dated to the first part of the Late Glacial Interstadial. Much of this material is interpreted as having been left in the cave following hunting of wild horses and red deer in summer and winter. The large total of artefacts is suggested to be a result of small increments over a lengthy period rather than evidence of use of the cave as a base camp or aggregation site. It is possible that the cave took on an additional or alternative function as a funerary site.

On donne ici une première description structurée de la plus importante collection d'objets manufacturés lithiques de Grande-Bretagne à être clairement datée de la première partie de la dernière période de fonte des glaces. On interprète une grande partie de ce matériel comme ayant été laissé dans la grotte à la suite de chasses aux chevaux sauvages et aux cerfs, en été comme en hiver. On propose que l'importante quantité d'objets serait le résultat de petits ajouts au cours d'une longue période plutôt que la preuve de l'utilisation de la grotte comme camp de base ou site de rassemblement. Il se peut que la grotte ait assumé, en supplément ou en alternance, un rôle de site funéraire.

Dieser Beitrag gibt eine erste formale Beschreibung der größten Kollektion lithischer Artefakte Großbritanniens, die sicher in den ersten Teil des späten glazialen Interstadial datiert werden kann. Ein großer Teil des Materials soil in Höhle bei der Jagd auf wilde Pferde und Rothirsche im Sommer und Winter zurückgelassen worden sein. Die große Anzahl an Artefakten sieht man eher als Nachweis für eine graduelle, kleinere Ansammlung von Artefakten über einen langen Zeitraum als für einen Hinweis auf die Nutzung der Höhle als Basislager oder Zuschlagsstelle; die Höhle könnte auch die zusätzliche Funktion eines Bestattungsplatzes gehabt haben.

En primer lugar el trabajo ofrece una descripción formal de la colección más grande de útiles líticos en Gran Bretaña que pueden ser claramente datados de la primera parte del último Interestadio Glacial. Una gran parte de este material se interpreta como abandonado en la cueva tras una cacería de caballos salvajes y ciervos en verano e invierno. El trabajo sugiere que la suma total de los útiles es el resultado de pequeñas adiciones a través de un largo espacio de tiempo, más que evidencia del uso de la cueva como campo base o un yacimiento agregado. Es también posible que la cueva adquiriera una función aparte o alternativa como sito funerario.

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References

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Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
  • ISSN: 0079-497X
  • EISSN: 2050-2729
  • URL: /core/journals/proceedings-of-the-prehistoric-society
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