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Doggerland: a Speculative Survey

  • B.J. Coles (a1)
Abstract

Archaeologists tend to refer to the land that once existed between Britain and the continent as a landbridge. It was, however, a landscape as habitable as neighbouring regions, and here called Doggerland to emphasise its availability for settlement by prehistoric peoples. Evidence from the Geological Surveys undertaken by countries bordering the North Sea Basin, together with allied research, is drawn together to provide an overview of the possibilities. A range of interacting geological processes implies that the present-day relief of the North Sea bed does not provide a sound guide to the relief of the former landscape, nor to the chronology and character of its submergence. A series of maps accompanies the text to provide a speculative reconstruction of the topography, river systems, coastline, vegetation, fauna, and human occupation of Doggerland from the Devensian/Weichselian maximum to the beginnings of the Neolithic.

Résumé

Les archéologues ont l'habitude de désigner comme langue de terre le terrain qui existait autrefois entre la Grande Bretagne et le continent. Pourtant, il s'agit d'un paysage aussi habitable que les régions voisines, ici il s'appelle Doggerland pour souligner sa disponibilité pour l'habitation par les populations préhistoriques. Des documents provenant des relevés géologiques entretenus par les pays entourant le bassin de la mer du Nord, liés aux recherches relatives, sont réunis pour fournir une vue d'ensemble sur les possibilités. Une gamme de procédés géologiques indique que le relief actuel du fond de la mer du Nord ne donne pas d'identications valables sur le relief du paysage d'autrefois, non plus à la chronologie et le caractère de sa submersion. Une série de cartes accompagne le texte pour fournir une reconstruction spéculative de la topographie, des systèmes fluviaux, de la côte, de la végétation, de la faune et de l'occupation humaine du Doggerland depuis le maximum Devensien/Wiechselien jusqu'au commencement du Néolithique.

Zusammenfassung

Archäologen neigen dazu dieses Land, das einmal zwischen Großbritannien und dem festen Kontinent existierte, Landbrücke zu nennen. Es war jedoch eine Landschaft, die genauso bewohnbar war wie ihre benachbarten Regionen und hier als Doggerland bezeichnet wird, um ihre Bewohnbarkeit durch prähistorische Völker zu unterstreichen.

Beweismaterial von geologischen Vermessungen und gemeinsame Forschungen, die von den an das Nordseebecken, grenzenden Ländern, unternommen worden sind, sind hier verzeichnet, um eine Übersicht jeglicher Bewohnmöglichkeiten zu liefern. Eine Reihe zusammenwirkender, geologischer Verfahren lassen annehmen, dass das heutige Relief des Nordseebettes keinen einwandfreien Leitfaden für die Existenz des Reliefs der ehemaligen Landschaft, weder für die Chronologie, noch für das Bestandwesen seines Untertauchens, bietet. Eine Serie von Landkarten begleitet diesen Text, um eine spekulative Rekonstruktion der Topologie, Flusssysteme, Küstenlinien, Flora, Fauna und Menschenbehausung auf Doggerland vom Devensischen/Wiechselsischen Maximum bis zu den Anfängen des Neolithikums.

Résumen

Los arqueólogos tienden a referirse al terreno que una vez existió entre Gran Bretaña y el Continente como a un puente terrestre. Sin embargo, este territorio era un paisaje tan habitable como las regiones circundantes, y aquí se le ha llamado “Doggerlandia” para subrayar su disponibilidad para el asentamiento de poblaciones prehistóricas. Este artículo combina la evidencia recogida en los Reconocimientos Geológicos llevados a cabo por los países colindantes con el mar del Norte, junto con investigaciones afines, para aportar un resumen de las posibilidades. Una variedad de procesos geológicos interactivos sugiere que el relieve actual de la cuenca del mar del norte no proporciona una orientación fidedigna sobre el relieve del paisaje antiguo, ni sobre la cronología o naturaleza de su sumersión. El texto va acompañado de una serie de mapas que aportan una reconstrucción especulativa de la topografía, sistemas fluviales, costas, vegetación, fauna y ocupación humana desde el máximo de Devesian/Wiechselian hasta el comienzo del neolítico.

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