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A nonlinear singularly perturbed Volterra integrodifferential equation occurring in polymer rheology

  • A. S. Lodge (a1), J. B. McLeod (a1) and J. A. Nohel (a1)
Synopsis
Synopsis

We study the initial value problem for the nonlinear Volterra integrodifferential equation

where μ > 0 is a small parameter, a is a given real kernel, and F, g are given real functions; (+) models the elongation ratio of a homogeneous filament of a certain polyethylene which is stretched on the time interval (— ∞ 0], then released and allowed to undergo elastic recovery for t > 0. Under assumptions which include physically interesting cases of the given functions a, F, g, we discuss qualitative properties of the solution of (+) and of the corresponding reduced problem when μ = 0, and the relation between them as μ → 0+, both for t near zero (where a boundary layer occurs) and for large t. In particular, we show that in general the filament does not recover its original length, and that the Newtonian term —μy′ in (+) has little effect on the ultimate recovery but significant effect during the early part of the recovery.

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References
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19 W. Walter Differential and Integral Inequalities (Berlin: Springer, 1970).

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Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh Section A: Mathematics
  • ISSN: 0308-2105
  • EISSN: 1473-7124
  • URL: /core/journals/proceedings-of-the-royal-society-of-edinburgh-section-a-mathematics
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