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    Jacobsmeier, Matthew L. 2015. From Black and White to Left and Right: Race, Perceptions of Candidates’ Ideologies, and Voting Behavior in U.S. House Elections. Political Behavior, Vol. 37, Issue. 3, p. 595.


Barking Up the Wrong Tree: Why Bo Didn't Fetch Many Votes for Barack Obama in 2012

  • Matthew L. Jacobsmeier (a1) and Daniel C. Lewis (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 04 January 2013

In “The Dog that Didn't Bark: The Role of Canines in the 2008 Campaign,” Diana Mutz (2010) argues that dog ownership made voters significantly less likely to vote for Barack Obama in the 2008 presidential election. We examine this claim further. Although President Obama has owned a dog since shortly after his 2008 election, we argue that Bo's presence most likely did little to improve his owner's chances of being reelected in 2012. Rather, the apparent significance of dog ownership uncovered by Mutz is due largely to key variables being omitted from the analysis. Using the same data, we show that Obama didn't so much have trouble with dog owners in 2008 as he had trouble with conservative, rural, Southern whites, who, for reasons we examine, are more likely than other Americans to own dogs. Accordingly, we suspect that Bo failed to boost Obama's vote tally in 2012. While we recognize the tongue-in-jowl tone of portions of Mutz's article, this tale is an important one, and is consistent with recent research linking racial attitudes to levels of support for Barack Obama. We also argue that while scholars are often wise to include control variables such as “South” in studies of political attitudes and behavior, it is important to consider the variety of politically relevant characteristics that such variables may be capturing.

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Stephen Ansolabehere , Jonathan Rodden, and James M. Snyder Jr. 2008. “The Strength of Issues: Using Multiple Measures to Gauge Preference Stability, Ideological Constraint, and Issue Voting.” American Political Science Review 102 (2): 215–32.

Samuel D. Gosling , Carson J. Sandy, and Jeff Potter. 2010. “Personalities of Self-Identified ‘Dog People’ and ‘Cat People.’Anthrozoös 23 (3): 213–22.

Barry A. Hollander 2009. “Persistence in the Perception of Barack Obama as a Muslim in the 2008 Presidential Campaign.” Journal of Media and Religion 9 (2): 5566.

Jon Hurwitz , and Mark Peffley. 1997. “Public Perceptions of Race and Crime: The Role of Racial Stereotypes.” American Journal of Political Science 41 (2): 375401.

Vincent L. Hutchings , and Nicholas A. Valentino. 2004. “The Centrality of Race in American Politics.” Annual Review of Political Science 7: 383408.

James H. Kuklinski , Michael D. Cobb, and Martin Gilens. 1997. “Racial Attitudes and the New South.” Journal of Politics 59 (2): 323–49.

Carol Mock , and Herbert F. Weisberg. 1992. “Political Innumeracy: Encounters with Coincidence, Improbability, and Chance.” American Journal of Political Science 36 (4): 1023–46.

Josh Pasek , Alexander Tahk, Yphtach Lelkes, Jon A. Krosnick, B. Keith Payne, Omair Akhtar, and Trevor Tompson. 2009. “Determinants of Turnout and Candidate Choice in the 2008 U.S. Presidential Election: Illuminating the Impact of Racial Prejudice and Other Considerations.” Public Opinion Quarterly 73 (5): 943–94.

Michael Tesler , and David O. Sears. 2010. Obama's Race: The 2008 Election and the Dream of a Post-Racial America. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

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PS: Political Science & Politics
  • ISSN: 1049-0965
  • EISSN: 1537-5935
  • URL: /core/journals/ps-political-science-and-politics
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