Skip to main content Accessibility help


  • Joel Westheimer (a1), John Rogers (a2) and Joseph Kahne (a3)
  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Available formats

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Available formats

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Available formats


  • An abstract is not available for this content so a preview has been provided below. To view the full text please use the links above to select your preferred format.



Hide All
APSA Task Force on Inequality and American Democracy. 2004. American Democracy in an Age of Rising Inequality. American Political Science Association.
Asante-Muhammad, Dedrick, Collins, Chuck, Hoxie, Josh, and Nieves, Emanuel. 2016. The Ever Growing Gap: Without Change, African-American and Latino Families Won’t Match White Wealth for Centuries. CFED, Racial Wealth Divide Initiative, Institute for Policy Studies,
Baker, Bruce D., and Corcoran, Sean P.. 2012. The Stealth Inequities of School Funding: How State and Local School Finance Systems Perpetuate Inequitable Student Spending. Center for American Progress.
Bartels, Larry. 2008. Unequal Democracy: The Political Economy of the New Gilded Age. New York, NY: Russell Sage.
Berliner, David. 2011. “Rational Responses to High Stakes Testing: The Case of Curriculum Narrowing and the Harm that Follows.” Cambridge Journal of Education 41 (3): 287302.
Blau, Francine D., Ferber, Marianne A., and Winkler, Anne E.. 2013. The Economics of Women, Men and Work. Washington, DC: Pearson Higher Ed.
Brooks, Jennifer, Wiedrich, Kasey, Sims, Lebaron Jr., and Jennifer Medina, J.. 2014. Treading Water in the Deep End. Washington DC: The Corporation for Economic Development.
Caliendo, Stephen M. 2015. Inequality in America: Race, Poverty, and Fulfilling Democracy’s Promise. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Carter, Prudence L., and Reardon, Sean F.. 2014. Inequality Matters. William T. Grant Foundation.
Carter, Prudence L., and Welner, Kevin G.. (Eds.). 2013. Closing the Opportunity Gap: What America Must Do to Give Every Child an Even Chance. Oxford University Press.
Coley, Richard J., and Baker, Bruce. 2013. Poverty and Education: Finding a Way Forward. Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service.
Credit Suisse. 2014. Global Wealth Data Book 2014.
Duncan, Greg J., and Murnane, Richard J.. (Eds.) 2011. Whither Opportunity? Rising Inequality, Schools, and Children’s Life Chances. New York: Russell Sage Foundation & Spencer Foundation.
Fry, Richard, and Taylor, Paul. 2012. The Rise of Residential Segregation by Income. Pew Research Center.
Gilens, Martin, and Page, Benjamin I.. 2014. “Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens.” Perspectives on Politics 12 (3): 564–81.
Giroux, Henry A. 2014. Neoliberalism’s War on Higher Education. Chicago: Haymarket Books.
Giroux, Henry A. 2017. “Democratic Education under Siege in a Neoliberal Society.” In Teaching for Democracy in an Age of Economic Disparity, eds. Wright-Maley, Cory and Davis, Trent. New York: Routledge.
Hardoon, Deborah. 2017. An Economy for the 99%. Oxford, UK: Oxfam GB for Oxfam International.
Hursh, David. 2007. “Assessing No Child Left Behind and the Rise of Neoliberal Education Policies.” American Educational Research Association. 44 (3): 493518.
Hursh, David. 2016. The End of Public Schools: The Corporate Reform Agenda to Privatize Education. New York: Taylor & Francis.
Jefferson, Thomas. 2009. Letter to William Jarvis (1820). In Ford, P. L. (Ed.), The Works of Thomas Jefferson (vol. 12, pp. 161164). New York, NY: Cosimo.
Kahne, Joseph, and Middaugh, Ellen. 2008. Democracy for Some: The Civic Opportunity Gap in High School (Working Paper #59). Washington, DC: The Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning (CIRCLE).
Kohn, Alfie. 2004. What Does it Mean to Be Well Educated? Boston, MA: Beacon Press.
Kornich, Sabino, and Furstenberg, Frank. 2013. “Investing in Children: Changes in Parental Spending on Children, 1972–2007.” Demography. 50 (1): 123.
Kotler, Peter. 2015. “Confronting Capitalism: Real Solutions for a Troubled Economic System.” New York, NY: Amacom.
Orr, Marion, and Rogers, John. 2010. “Public Engagement for Public Education.” in Public Engagement for Public Education: Joining Forces to Revitalize Democracy and Equalize Schools. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Payne, Keith. 2017. The Broken Ladder: How Inequality Affects the Way We Think, Live, and Die. New York: Viking.
Perrons, Diane. 2015. “Gendering the Inequality Debate.” Gender & Development 23 (2): 207–22.
Reardon, Sean F., and Bischoff, Kendra. 2011. “Income Inequality and Income Segregation.” American Journal of Sociology 116 (4): 10921153.
Reardon, Sean F., and Owens, Ann. 2014. “60 Years after Brown: Trends and Consequences of School Segregation.” Annual Review of Sociology 40: 199218.
Rothstein, Richard. 2017. The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America. New York: Liveright.
Saez, Emmanuel. 2016. Striking It Richer: The Evolution of Top Incomes in the United States (Updated with 2015 estimates).∼saez/saez-UStopincomes-2015.pdf
Saez, Emmanuel, and Zucman, Gabriel. 2014. “Wealth Inequality in the United States since 1913. Evidence from Capitalized Income Tax Data.” NBER Working Paper Series. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
Savani, Krishna, and Rattan, Aneeta. 2012. “A Choice Mind-Set Increases the Acceptance and Maintenance of Wealth Inequality.” Psychological Science 23 (7): 796804.
Schlozman, Kay Lehman, Verba, Sidney, and Brady, Henry H.. 2012. The Unheavenly Chorus: Unequal Political Voice and the Broken Promise of American Democracy. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Schrecker, Ellen. 2010. The Lost Soul of Higher Education: Corporatization, the Assault on Academic Freedom, and the End of the American University. New York: New Press.
Shapiro, Thomas, Meschede, Tatjana, and Osoro, Sam. 2013. “The Roots of the Widening Racial Wealth Gap: Explaining the Black-White Economic Divide.” Research and Policy Brief.
Stiglitz, Joseph. 2012. The Price of Inequality: How Today’s Divided Society Endangers Our Future. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
Stiglitz, Joseph. 2015. The Great Divide: Unequal Societies and What We Can Do about Them. New York: WW Norton & Company.
Westheimer, Joel. 2015. What Kind of Citizen: Educating our Children for the Common Good. New York: Teachers College Press.
Wilkinson, Richard, and Pickett, Kate. 2010. The Spirit Level: Why Greater Equality Makes Societies Stronger. New York: Bloomsbury Press.


  • Joel Westheimer (a1), John Rogers (a2) and Joseph Kahne (a3)


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.