This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
Jason Brownlee , Tarek Masoud , and Andrew Reynolds . 2015. The Arab Spring. New York: Oxford University Press.
F. Gregory Gause III (2003/4). “Balancing What? Threat Perceptions and Alliance Choice in the Gulf.”
13 (2): 273–305.
Fred Halliday . 2005. The Middle East in International Relations: Power, Politics, and Ideology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mark Katz . 2014. “The International Relations of the Arab Spring.”
Middle East Policy
21 (2): 76–84.
Marc Lynch . (ed.). 2014. The Arab Uprisings Explained: New Contentious Politics in the Middle East. New York: Columbia University Press.
Helle Malmvig . 2014. “Power, Identity and Securitization in the Middle East: Regional Order after the Arab Uprisings.”
19 (1): 145–8.
Merouan Mekouar . 2014. “No Political Agents, No Diffusion: Evidence from North Africa.”
International Studies Review
16 (2): 206–16.
John Owen . 2016. “Springs and Their Offspring: The International Consequences of Domestic Uprisings.”
European Journal of International Security
1 (1): 49–72.
Lawrence Rubin . 2014. Islam in the Balance: Ideational Threats in Arab Politics. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
Curtis R Ryan . 2009. Inter-Arab Alliances: Regime Security and Jordanian Foreign Policy. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.
Bassel Salloukh . 2013. “The Arab Uprisings and the Geopolitics of the Middle East.”
48 (2): 32–46.