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Public Election Funding, Competition, and Candidate Gender

  • Timothy Werner (a1) and Kenneth R. Mayer (a1)

In 2000, Arizona and Maine implemented full public funding for state legislative elections, and Connecticut will do so in 2008. Candidates who opt to accept public funding receive grants that pay for the entire cost of their campaigns. Advocates of these so-called clean elections argue that the programs reduce quid pro quo corruption, increase electoral competitiveness, and open up the process to candidates who lack access to traditional fundraising networks (Phelps 2004). Critics respond that the Maine and Arizona public funding programs have achieved nothing, save for imposing unjust burdens on candidates who refuse to participate (Basham and Zelder 2005).

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Fox, Richard L., and Jennifer L. Lawless. 2004. “Entering the Arena? Gender and the Decision to Run for Office.” American Journal of Political Science 48 (2): 26480.

Fox, Richard L., and Jennifer L. Lawless. 2005. “To Run or Not to Run for Office: Explaining Nascent Political Ambition.” American Journal of Political Science 49 (3): 64259.

Francis, Wayne L. 1993. “House to Senate Career Movement in the U.S. States: The Significance of Selectivity.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 18 (3): 30920.

King, James D. 2002. “Single-Member Districts and the Representation of Women in American State Legislatures: The Effects of Electoral System Change.” State Politics and Policy Quarterly 2 (2): 16175.

Phelps, Douglas H. 2004. “Leveling the Playing Field.” National Civic Review 93 (2): 60.

Sapiro, Virginia, and Pamela Johnston Conover. 1997. “The Variable Gender Basis of Electoral Politics: Gender and Context in the 1992 U.S. Election.” British Journal of Political Science 27 (4): 497523.

Squire, Peverill. 1992. “Legislative Professionalization and Membership Diversity in State Legislatures.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 17 (1): 6979.

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PS: Political Science & Politics
  • ISSN: 1049-0965
  • EISSN: 1537-5935
  • URL: /core/journals/ps-political-science-and-politics
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