Apsler, R. & Bassuk, E. (1983) Differences among clinicians in the decision to admit. Archives of General Psychiatry, 40, 1133–1137.
Atakan, Z. (1995) Violence on psychiatric inpatient units. What can be done?
Psychiatric Bulletin, 10, 593–596.
Audit Commission (1994) Finding a Place.
Deahl, M. & Turner, T. (1997) General psychiatry in no man's land. British Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 6–8.
Department of Health (2000) The Mental Health Policy Implementation Guide.
Department of Health (2002) The Mental Health Policy Implementation Guide. Adult Acute Inpatient Care Provision. London: HMSO.
Ford, R., Durcan, G., Warner, L., et al (1998) One day survey by the Mental Health Act Commission of acute adult psychiatric in-patient wards in England and Wales. BMJ, 317, 1279–1283.
Gerson, S. & Bassuk, E. (1980) Psychiatric emergencies: An overview. American Journal of Psychiatry, 137, 1–11.
Gournay, K. (2001) Inpatient care for mental health problems: a review of research. Research and Development Directorate, Department of Health.
Greengross, P., Hollander, D. & Stanton, R. (2000) Pressure on adult acute psychiatric beds. Psychiatric Bulletin, 24, 54–56.
Hoult, J. (1986) Community care of the acutely mentally ill. British Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 137–144.
Marshall, M., Grey, A., Lockwood, A., et al (1997) Case management for people with severe mental disorders. New England: The Cochrane Library.
Marson, D., McGovern, M. & Hyman, C. (1988) Psychiatric decision making in the emergency room: a research overview. American Journal of Psychiatry, 145, 918–925.
Muijen, M. (1999) Acute hospital care: ineffective, inefficient and poorly organised. Psychiatric Bulletin, 23, 257–259.
Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health (1998) Acute Problems: A survey of the quality of care in acute psychiatric wards. London: The Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health.
Shepherd, G., Beadsmore, A. & Moore, C. (1997) Relation between bed use, social deprivation, and overall bed availability in acute adult psychiatric units, and alternative residential options: a cross sectional survey, one day census data and staff interviews. BMJ, 314, 262–266.
Smyth, M. & Hoult, J. (2000) The home treatment enigma. BMJ, 320, 305–308.
Stein, L. I. & Test, M. A. (1980) Alternative to mental hospital treatment. Conceptual model, treatment programme, and clinical evaluation. Archives of General Psychiatry, 37, 392–397.
Vass, A. (2001) Patterns of Mental Health Act detention in the UK. BMJ, 322, 1148.
Ward, M., Gourney, K., Thornicroft, G., et al (1998) In-patient Mental Health services in inner-London. Report no.16. London: Royal College of Nursing.