We established two ‘dual diagnosis’ community psychiatric nurse posts within community mental health teams in Lanarkshire to improve the service care for individuals with comorbidity. A questionnaire-based evaluation of the service over a 2-year period was conducted.
Comorbidity was under-reported by community mental health teams and under-referred to specialist addiction services. The presence of new specialist nurses enhanced the detection of comorbidity, improved staff perceptions of working with patients that misuse substances, and was associated with a clinical and functional improvement in patients over 2 years.
Our findings support the recent trend to provide integrated care for comorbid service users within mainstream mental health services, and suggest a model of service delivery that might be more widely developed to address the concern that such users ‘fall through the gaps’ between services.
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