American Psychiatric Association (1987) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd edn, revised). Washington, DC: APA.
Campling, P. M. & Davies, S. (1997) In-patient psychotherapy. British Journal of Psychiatry, 170, 90–91.
Chiesa, M., Iccoponi, E. & Morris, M. (1996) Changes in health service utilization by patients with severe personality disorders before and after inpatient psychosocial treatment. British Journal of Psychotherapy, 12, 501–512.
Davies, S. (1999) Does every district need a TC: survival and growth in the marketplace? In
Therapeutic Communities: Past Present and Future (eds Haigh, R. & Campling, P.), pp. 223–234. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Department of Health & Home Office (1994)
Review of Services for Mentally Disordered Offenders and Others with Similar Needs
. Report of the Sub-Committee on Psychopathic Disorder (The Reed Report).
Dolan, B. & Norton, K. (1992) One year after the NHS Bill: the extra contractual referral system and the Henderson Hospital. Psychiatric Bulletin, 16, 745–747.
Dolan, B. & Coid, J. (1993) Psychopathic and Antisocial Personality Disorders: Treatment and Research Issues.
Dolan, B., Warren, F. M., Menzies, D., et al (1996) Cost offset following specialist treatment of severe personality disorders. Psychiatric Bulletin, 20, 413–417.
Haigh, R. & Stengen, G. (1996) In-patient psychotherapy. British Journal of Psychiatry, 168, 524.
Knowles, J. (1997) The Reading Model: an integrated psychotherapy service. Psychiatric Bulletin, 21, 84–88.
Lees, J. (1999) Researching therapeutic communities. In Therapeutic Communities: Past. Present and Future (eds Haigh, R. & Campling, P.), pp. 207–222. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Norton, K. R. W. (1992) Health of the Nation: the impact of personality disorder on ‘key areas’. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 68, 350–354.
Norton, K. R. W. & Hinshelwood, R. D. (1996) Severe personality disorder: treatment issues and selection for in-patient psychotherapy. British Journal of Psychiatry, 168, 723–731.
Tyrer, P. & Johnson, T. (1996) Establishing the severity of personality disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 1593–1597
Vaglum, P., Friis, S., Irion, T., et al (1990) Treatment response of severe and non severe personality disorders in a therapeutic community day unit. Journal of Personality Disorders, 4, 161–172.
World Health Organization (1992) The Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD–10).