Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 28
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Zhao, Xin Zhang, Peng Fu, Li and Maes, Joseph H. R. 2016. Attentional biases to faces expressing disgust in children with autism spectrum disorders: an exploratory study. Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, p. 19381.


    Hildebrandt, Andrea Sommer, Werner Schacht, Annekathrin and Wilhelm, Oliver 2015. Perceiving and remembering emotional facial expressions — A basic facet of emotional intelligence. Intelligence, Vol. 50, p. 52.


    Fonville, Leon Giampietro, Vincent Surguladze, Simon Williams, Steven and Tchanturia, Kate 2014. Increased BOLD signal in the fusiform gyrus during implicit emotion processing in anorexia nervosa. NeuroImage: Clinical, Vol. 4, p. 266.


    Geurts, Hilde M. van den Bergh, Sanne F. W. M. and Ruzzano, Laura 2014. Prepotent Response Inhibition and Interference Control in Autism Spectrum Disorders: Two Meta-Analyses. Autism Research, Vol. 7, Issue. 4, p. 407.


    Goddard, Elizabeth Carral-Fernández, Laura Denneny, Emma Campbell, Iain C. and Treasure, Janet 2014. Cognitive flexibility, central coherence and social emotional processing in males with an eating disorder. The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry, Vol. 15, Issue. 4, p. 317.


    Shibasaki, M. Isomura, T. and Masataka, N. 2014. Viewing images of snakes accelerates making judgements of their colour in humans: red snake effect as an instance of 'emotional Stroop facilitation'. Royal Society Open Science, Vol. 1, Issue. 3, p. 140066.


    DeJong, H. Van den Eynde, F. Broadbent, H. Kenyon, M.D. Lavender, A. Startup, H. and Schmidt, U. 2013. Social cognition in bulimia nervosa: A systematic review. European Psychiatry, Vol. 28, Issue. 1, p. 1.


    Goddard, E. and Treasure, J. 2013. Anxiety and Social-Emotional Processing in Eating Disorders: Examination of Family Trios. Cognitive Therapy and Research, Vol. 37, Issue. 5, p. 890.


    Kanakam, Natalie and Treasure, Janet 2013. A review of cognitive neuropsychiatry in the taxonomy of eating disorders: State, trait, or genetic?. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, Vol. 18, Issue. 1-2, p. 83.


    Kanakam, Natalie Krug, Isabel Raoult, Charlotte Collier, David and Treasure, Janet 2013. Social and Emotional Processing as a Behavioural Endophenotype in Eating Disorders: A Pilot Investigation in Twins. European Eating Disorders Review, Vol. 21, Issue. 4, p. 294.


    Manuel, Amy and Wade, Tracey D. 2013. Emotion regulation in broadly defined anorexia nervosa: Association with negative affective memory bias. Behaviour Research and Therapy, Vol. 51, Issue. 8, p. 417.


    Mathersul, Danielle McDonald, Skye and Rushby, Jacqueline A. 2013. Autonomic arousal explains social cognitive abilities in high-functioning adults with autism spectrum disorder. International Journal of Psychophysiology, Vol. 89, Issue. 3, p. 475.


    Davies, Helen Fox, John Naumann, Ulrike Treasure, Janet Schmidt, Ulrike and Tchanturia, Kate 2012. Cognitive Remediation and Emotion Skills Training for Anorexia Nervosa: An Observational Study Using Neuropsychological Outcomes. European Eating Disorders Review, Vol. 20, Issue. 3, p. 211.


    Dondaine, T. and Péron, J. 2012. Émotion et noyaux gris centraux (I) : que peut nous apprendre la maladie de Parkinson ?. Revue Neurologique, Vol. 168, Issue. 8-9, p. 634.


    Gross, Eric El-Baz, Ayman S. Sokhadze, Guela E. Sears, Lonnie Casanova, Manuel F. and Sokhadze, Estate M. 2012. Induced EEG Gamma Oscillation Alignment Improves Differentiation Between Autism and ADHD Group Responses in a Facial Categorization Task. Journal of Neurotherapy, Vol. 16, Issue. 2, p. 78.


    Harrison, Amy Tchanturia, Kate Naumann, Ulrike and Treasure, Janet 2012. Social emotional functioning and cognitive styles in eating disorders. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 51, Issue. 3, p. 261.


    Kennedy, Daniel P. and Adolphs, Ralph 2012. Perception of emotions from facial expressions in high-functioning adults with autism. Neuropsychologia, Vol. 50, Issue. 14, p. 3313.


    Miu, Andrei C. Pană, Simona E. and Avram, Julia 2012. Emotional face processing in neurotypicals with autistic traits: Implications for the broad autism phenotype. Psychiatry Research, Vol. 198, Issue. 3, p. 489.


    Moore, David J. Heavey, Lisa and Reidy, John 2012. Attentional Processing of Faces in ASD: A Dot-Probe Study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Vol. 42, Issue. 10, p. 2038.


    Péron, Julie Dondaine, Thibaut Le Jeune, Florence Grandjean, Didier and Vérin, Marc 2012. Emotional processing in Parkinson's disease: A systematic review. Movement Disorders, Vol. 27, Issue. 2, p. 186.


    ×

Attention bias to faces in Asperger Syndrome: a pictorial emotion Stroop study

  • CHRIS ASHWIN (a1), SALLY WHEELWRIGHT (a1) and SIMON BARON-COHEN (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291706007203
  • Published online: 01 June 2006
Abstract

Background. Emotional Stroop tasks have shown attention biases of clinical populations towards stimuli related to their condition. Asperger Syndrome (AS) is a neuropsychiatric condition with social and communication deficits, repetitive behaviours and narrow interests. Social deficits are particularly striking, including difficulties in understanding others.

Method. We investigated colour-naming latencies of adults with and without AS to name colours of pictures containing angry facial expressions, neutral expressions or non-social objects. We tested three hypotheses: whether (1) controls show longer colour-naming latencies for angry versus neutral facial expressions with male actors, (2) people with AS show differential latencies across picture types, and (3) differential response latencies persist when photographs contain females.

Results. Controls had longer latencies to pictures of male faces with angry compared to neutral expressions. The AS group did not show longer latencies to angry versus neutral expressions in male faces, instead showing slower latencies to pictures containing any facial expression compared to objects. When pictures contained females, controls no longer showed longer latencies for angry versus neutral expressions. However, the AS group still showed longer latencies to all facial picture types, compared to objects, providing further evidence that faces produce interference effects for this clinical group.

Conclusions. The pictorial emotional Stroop paradigm reveals normal attention biases towards threatening emotional faces. The AS group showed Stroop interference effects to all facial stimuli regardless of expression or sex, suggesting that faces cause disproportionate interference in AS.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Autism Research Centre, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Rd, Cambridge CB2 2AH, UK. (Email: ca235@cam.ac.uk)
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×