Acker C. (1985). Performance of female alcoholics on neuropsychological testing. Alcohol and Alcoholism 20, 379–386.
Acker W., Aps E. J., Majumder S. K., Shaw G. K. & Thomson A. D. (1982). The relationship between brain and liver damage in chronic alcoholic patients. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 45, 984–987.
Armitage P. (1971). Statistical Methods in Medical Research. Blackwell: Oxford.
Begleiter H., Porjesz B. & Kissin B. (1982). Brain dysfunction in alcoholics with and without a family history of alcoholism. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 6, 136.
Bergman H. (1986). Brain dysfunctions related to alcoholism: some results from the KARTAD project. In Neuropsychology of Alcoholism: Implications for Diagnosis and Treatment (ed. Parsons O. A., Butters N. and Nathan P.). Guilford Press: New York. (in the press).
Bergman H., Borg S., Hindmarsh T., Idestrom C. M. & Mutzell S. (1980). Computed tomography of the brain and neuropsychological assessment of male alcoholic patients and a random sample from the general male population. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 62, Suppl. 286, 47–56.
Caetano R., Edwards G., Oppenheim A. N. & Taylor C. (1978). Building a standardised alcoholism interview schedule. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 3, 185–197.
Carlen P. L. & Wilkinson D. A. (1980). Alcoholic brain damage and reversible deficits. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 62, Suppl. 286, 103–118.
Carlen P. L., Wortzman G., Holgate R. C., Wilkinson D. A. & Rankin J. G. (1978). Reversible cerebral atrophy in recently abstinent chronic alcoholics measured by computed tomographic scans. Science 200, 1076–1078.
Chick J. (1982). Epidemiology of alcohol use and its hazards. With a note on screening methods. British Medical Bulletin 38, 3–8.
Dahlgren L. & Myrhed M. (1977). Female alcoholics. I. Ways of admission of the alcoholic patient. A study with special reference to the alcoholic female. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 56, 39–49.
Department of Health and Social Security (1984). Alcohol Misuse: Results from the Mental Health Enquiry, 1982. Branch SR2, DHSS: London.
Department of Health and Social Security (1985). Statistical Note. Branch SR2, DHSS: London.
Edwards G., Hawker A., Hensman C., Peto J. & Williamson V. (1973). Alcoholics known or unknown to agencies: epidemiological studies in a London suburb. British Journal of Psychiatry 123, 169–183.
Gavaler J. S. (1982). Sex-related differences in ethanol-induced liver disease: artifactual or real? Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 6, 186–196.
Gyldensted C. (1977). Measurements of the normal ventricular system and hemispheric sulci of 100 adults with computed tomography. Neuroradiology 14, 183–192.
Hill S. Y. (1982). Biological consequences of alcoholism and alcohol related problems among women. In Alcohol Health Monograph No. 4, Special Population Issues, pp. 43–73. Health and Human Services Dept. Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration, USGPO.
Home Office (1983). Statistical Bulletin on Offences of Drunkenness, Issue 16/84. Home Office: London.
Hubbard B. M. & Anderson J. M. (1983). Sex differences in age-related brain atrophy. Lancet i, 1447–1448.
Jacobson R. R. (1986). Female alcoholics: a controlled CT brain scan and clinical study. British Journal of Addiction (in the press).
Jeavons C. M. & Zeiner A. R. (1984). Effects of elevated female sex steroids on ethanol and acetaldehyde metabolism in humans. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 8, 352–358.
Jenkins R. (1985). Sex Differences in Minor Psychiatric Morbidity. Psychological Medicine Monograph Supplement 6. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Jones B. M. & Jones M. K. (1982). Women and alcohol: intoxication metabolism, and the menstrual cycle. In Alcohol Health Monograph No. 4, Special Population Issues, pp. 103–136. Health and Human Services Dept, Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration, USGPO.
Kendall M. G. (1948). The Advanced Theory of Statistics, Vol. 1. Griffin: London.
Kendell R. E. (1984). The beneficial consequences of the United Kingdom's declining per capita consumption of alcohol in 1979–1982. Alcohol and Alcoholism 19, 271–276.
Kessler C., Brown L. & Broman C. (1981). Sex differences in psychiatric help seeking: evidence from four large-scale surveys. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour 22, 49–64.
Morgan M. Y. (1982). Alcohol and nutrition. British Medical Bulletin 38, 21–29.
Morgan M. Y. & Sherlock S. (1977). Sex-related differences among 100 patients with alcoholic liver disease. British Medical Journal i, 939–941.
Parsons O. A. & Leber W. R. (1981). The relationship between cognitive dysfunction and brain damage in alcoholics: causal, interactive, or epiphenomenal? Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 5, 326–343.
Penn R. D., Belanger M. G. & Yasnoff W. A. (1978). Ventricular volume in man computed from CAT scans. Annals of Neurology 3, 216–223.
Pequignot G., Chabert C., Eydoux H. & Courcol M. A. (1974). Augmentation du risque de cirrhose en fonction de la ration d'alcool. Revue de l'Alcoolisme 20, 191–202.
Plant M. (1980). Women with drinking problems. British Journal of Psychiatry 137, 289–290.
Ron M. A. (1983). The Alcoholic Brain: CT Scan and Psychological Findings. Psychological Medicine Monograph Supplement 3. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Ron M. A., Acker W., Shaw G. K. & Lishman W. A. (1982). Computerised tomography of the brain in chronic alcoholics: a study and follow-up study. Brain 105, 497–514.
Saunders J. B., Davis M. & Williams R. (1981). Do women develop alcoholic liver disease more readily than men? British Medical Journal 282, 1140–1143.
Sclare A. (1970). The female alcoholic. British Journal of Addiction 65, 99–107.
Shaw S. (1980). The causes of increasing drinking problems amongst women: a general aetiological theory. In Women and Alcohol (ed. Camberwell Council on Alcoholism), pp. 1–40. Tavistock: London.
Silberstein J. A. & Parsons O. A. (1981). Neuropsychological impairment in females: replication plus extension. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 90, 179–182.
Skullerud K. (1985). Variations in the size of the human brain. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 71, Suppl. 102.
Synek V. & Reuben J. R. (1976). The ventricular–brain ratio using planimetric measurement of EMI scans. British Journal of Radiology 49, 233–237.
Tarter R. E. & Alterman A. I. (1984). Neuropsychological deficits in alcoholics: etiological considerations. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 45, 1–9.
Thom B. (1984). A process approach to women's use of alcohol services. British Journal of Addiction 79, 377–382.
Tuyns A. J., Esteve J. & Pequignot G. (1984). Ethanol is cirrhogenic, whatever the beverage. British Journal of Addiction 79, 389–393.
Wanberg K. & Horn J. (1970). Alcoholism symptom patterns of men and women: a comparative study. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol 31, 40–61.
Wilkinson D. A. & Carlen P. L. (1980). Neuropsychological and neurological assessment of chronic alcoholism: discrimination between groups of alcoholic subjects. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 41, 129–139.
Wilkinson P., Santamaria J. N. & Rankin J. G. (1969). Epidemiology of alcoholic cirrhosis. Australasian Annals of Medicine 18, 222–226.