Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Diagnostic criteria of English, French, and German psychiatrists

  • R. E. Kendell (a1), Pierre Pichot (a1) and M. von Cranach (a1)
Sysnopsis

Videotape recordings were made of brief diagnostic interviews with 27 patients newly admitted to a psychiatric hospital in London and then shown to groups of English-speaking psychiatrists in London, Paris, and Munich. Comparison of the diagnoses made by these three audiences suggests that English, French, and German psychiatrists have similar concepts of schizophrenia, neurotic illness, personality disorder, and alcholism, but differ markedly in their concept of affective illness, particularly manic-depressive illness. English psychiatrists have much broader concepts of both neurotic and psychotic depression and of mania than the French, with German psychiatrists in an intermediate position. Important differences in the use of other technical terms like agitation, perplexity, and thought disorder also emerged. The ratings of the English and German audiences were closer to one another than either was to the French.

Copyright
Corresponding author
1Address for correspondence: Professor R. E. Kendell, University Department of Psychiatry, Royal Edinburgh Hospital, Morningside Park, Edinburgh EH10 5HF.
References
Hide All
Astrup, C., and Ödegård, Ö. (1970). Continued experiments in psychiatric diagnosis. Acta Psychiatrien Scandinavica, 46, 180209.
Cooper, J. E., Kendell, R. E., Gurland, B. J., Sharpe, L., Copeland, J. R. M., and Simon, R. (1972). Psychiatric Diagnosis in New York and London. Maudsley Monograph No. 20. Oxford University Press: London.
Copeland, J. R. M., Cooper, J. E., Kendell, R. E., and Gourlay, A. J. (1971). Differences in usage of diagnostic labels amongst psychiatrists in the British Isles. British Journal of Psychiatry, 118, 629640.
Engelsmann, F., Vinar, O., Pichot, P., Hippius, H., Giberti, F., Rossi, L., and Overall, E. (1970). International comparison of diagnostic patterns. Transcultural Psychiatric Research, 7, 130137.
Hordern, A., Sandifer, M. G., Green, L. M., and Timbury, G. C. (1968). Psychiatric diagnosis: British and North American concordance on stereotypes of mental illness. British Journal of Psychiatry, 114, 935944.
Kendell, R. E. (1973). Psychiatric diagnoses: a study of how they are made. British Journal of Psychiatry, 122, 437445.
Kendell, R. E., Cooper, J. E., Gourlay, A. J., Copeland, J. R. M., Sharpe, L., and Gurland, B. J. (1971). Diagnostic criteria of American and British psychiatrists. Archives of General Psychiatry, 25, 123130.
Overall, J. E., and Gorham, D. R. (1962). The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale. Psychological Reports, 10, 799812.
Pichot, P., Bailly, R., and Overall, J. E. (1967). Les stéréotypes diagnostiques des psychoses chez les psychiatres français. Comparaison avec les stéréotypes américains. In Neuro-Psycho-Pharmacology. Proceedings of the Fifth International Congress of the Collegium Internationale Neuropsychopharmacologicum, Washington, 1966. International Congress Series, No. 129, 1626. Excerpta Medica: Amsterdam.
Rawnsley, K. (1968). An international diagnostic exercise. In Proceedings, Fourth World Congress of Psychiatry, Madrid, 1966. International Congress Series No. 150, Excerpta Medica: Amsterdam. Part 4, 26832686.
Sandifer, M. G. Jr, Hordern, A., and Green, L. M. (1970). The psychiatric interview: the impact of the first three minutes. American Journal of Psychiatry, 126, 968973.
Sharpe, L., Gurland, B. J., Fleiss, J. L., Kendell, R. E., Cooper, J. E., and Copeland, J. R. M. (1974). Some comparisons of American, Canadian and British psychiatrists in their diagnostic concepts. Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal. (In press).
Shepherd, M., Brooke, E. M., Cooper, J. E., and Lin, T. (1968). An experimental approach to psychiatric diagnosis. Acta Psychiatrien Scandinavica, Suppl. 201.
World Health Organization. (1973). Report of the International Pilot Study of Schizophrenia. Vol. 1. W.H.O.: Geneva.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 6 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 96 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 16th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.