Assari, Shervin and Lankarani, Maryam Moghani 2016. Association Between Stressful Life Events and Depression; Intersection of Race and Gender. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, Vol. 3, Issue. 2, p. 349.
Assari, Shervin Dejman, Masoumeh and Neighbors, Harold W. 2016. Ethnic Differences in Separate and Additive Effects of Anxiety and Depression on Self-rated Mental Health Among Blacks. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, Vol. 3, Issue. 3, p. 423.
Assari, Shervin and Moazen-Zadeh, Ehsan 2016. Ethnic Variation in the Cross-sectional Association between Domains of Depressive Symptoms and Clinical Depression. Frontiers in Psychiatry, Vol. 7,
Blasco, Maria Jesús Castellví, Pere Almenara, José Lagares, Carolina Roca, Miquel Sesé, Albert Piqueras, José Antonio Soto-Sanz, Victoria Rodríguez-Marín, Jesús Echeburúa, Enrique Gabilondo, Andrea Cebrià, Ana Isabel Miranda-Mendizábal, Andrea Vilagut, Gemma Bruffaerts, Ronny Auerbach, Randy P. Kessler, Ronald C. and Alonso, Jordi 2016. Predictive models for suicidal thoughts and behaviors among Spanish University students: rationale and methods of the UNIVERSAL (University & mental health) project. BMC Psychiatry, Vol. 16, Issue. 1,
Moazen-Zadeh, Ehsan and Assari, Shervin 2016. Depressive Symptoms Predict Major Depressive Disorder after 15 Years among Whites but Not Blacks. Frontiers in Public Health, Vol. 4,
Reisner, Sari L. Katz-Wise, Sabra L. Gordon, Allegra R. Corliss, Heather L. and Austin, S. Bryn 2016. Social Epidemiology of Depression and Anxiety by Gender Identity. Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 59, Issue. 2, p. 203.
Assari, Shervin and Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard 2015. Gender and Ethnic Differences in the Association Between Obesity and Depression Among Black Adolescents. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, Vol. 2, Issue. 4, p. 481.
Assari, Shervin Watkins, Daphne C. and Caldwell, Cleopatra H. 2015. Race Attribution Modifies the Association Between Daily Discrimination and Major Depressive Disorder Among Blacks: the Role of Gender and Ethnicity. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, Vol. 2, Issue. 2, p. 200.
Garthe, Rachel C. Sullivan, Terri and Kliewer, Wendy 2015. Longitudinal Relations Between Adolescent and Parental Behaviors, Parental Knowledge, and Internalizing Behaviors Among Urban Adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol. 44, Issue. 4, p. 819.
Goes, Fernando S. 2015. The Importance of Anxiety States in Bipolar Disorder. Current Psychiatry Reports, Vol. 17, Issue. 2,
Gureje, Oye Oladeji, Bibilola Damilola Araya, Ricardo Montgomery, Alan A. Kola, Lola Kirmayer, Laurence Zelkowitz, Phyllis and Groleau, Danielle 2015. Expanding care for perinatal women with depression (EXPONATE): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial of an intervention package for perinatal depression in primary care. BMC Psychiatry, Vol. 15, Issue. 1,
Kiely, Kim Matthew and Butterworth, Peter 2015. Validation of four measures of mental health against depression and generalized anxiety in a community based sample. Psychiatry Research, Vol. 225, Issue. 3, p. 291.
Lankarani, Maryam Moghani and Assari, Shervin 2015. Association between number of comorbid medical conditions and depression among individuals with diabetes; race and ethnic variations. Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders, Vol. 14, Issue. 1,
Nock, Matthew K. Ursano, Robert J. Heeringa, Steven G. Stein, Murray B. Jain, Sonia Raman, Rema Sun, Xiaoying Chiu, Wai Tat Colpe, Lisa J. Fullerton, Carol S. Gilman, Stephen E. Hwang, Irving Naifeh, James A. Rosellini, Anthony J. Sampson, Nancy A. Schoenbaum, Michael Zaslavsky, Alan M. and Kessler, Ronald C. 2015. Mental Disorders, Comorbidity, and Pre-enlistment Suicidal Behavior Among New Soldiers in the U.S. Army: Results from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS). Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, Vol. 45, Issue. 5, p. 588.
Assari, Shervin 2014. Synergistic Effects of Lifetime Psychiatric Disorders on Suicidal Ideation Among Blacks in the USA. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, Vol. 1, Issue. 4, p. 275.
Assari, Shervin 2014. Association Between Obesity and Depression Among American Blacks: Role of Ethnicity and Gender. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, Vol. 1, Issue. 1, p. 36.
Cerimele, Joseph M. Chwastiak, Lydia A. Dodson, Sherry and Katon, Wayne J. 2014. The prevalence of bipolar disorder in general primary care samples: a systematic review. General Hospital Psychiatry, Vol. 36, Issue. 1, p. 19.
Cerimele, Joseph M. Halperin, Abigail C. Spigner, Clarence Ratzliff, Anna and Katon, Wayne J. 2014. Collaborative care psychiatrists’ views on treating bipolar disorder in primary care: a qualitative study. General Hospital Psychiatry, Vol. 36, Issue. 6, p. 575.
Kessler, Ronald C. Santiago, Patcho N. Colpe, Lisa J. Dempsey, Catherine L. First, Michael B. Heeringa, Steven G. Stein, Murray B. Fullerton, Carol S. Gruber, Michael J. Naifeh, James A. Nock, Matthew K. Sampson, Nancy A. Schoenbaum, Michael Zaslavsky, Alan M. and Ursano, Robert J. 2013. Clinical reappraisal of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview Screening Scales (CIDI-SC) in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS). International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, Vol. 22, Issue. 4, p. 303.
Lack of coordination between screening studies for common mental disorders in primary care and community epidemiological samples impedes progress in clinical epidemiology. Short screening scales based on the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), the diagnostic interview used in community epidemiological surveys throughout the world, were developed to address this problem.
Expert reviews and cognitive interviews generated CIDI screening scale (CIDI-SC) item pools for 30-day DSM-IV-TR major depressive episode (MDE), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder (PD) and bipolar disorder (BPD). These items were administered to 3058 unselected patients in 29 US primary care offices. Blinded SCID clinical reinterviews were administered to 206 of these patients, oversampling screened positives.
Stepwise regression selected optimal screening items to predict clinical diagnoses. Excellent concordance [area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC)] was found between continuous CIDI-SC and DSM-IV/SCID diagnoses of 30-day MDE (0.93), GAD (0.88), PD (0.90) and BPD (0.97), with only 9–38 questions needed to administer all scales. CIDI-SC versus SCID prevalence differences are insignificant at the optimal CIDI-SC diagnostic thresholds (χ21 = 0.0–2.9, p = 0.09–0.94). Individual-level diagnostic concordance at these thresholds is substantial (AUC 0.81–0.86, sensitivity 68.0–80.2%, specificity 90.1–98.8%). Likelihood ratio positive (LR+) exceeds 10 and LR− is 0.1 or less at informative thresholds for all diagnoses.
CIDI-SC operating characteristics are equivalent (MDE, GAD) or superior (PD, BPD) to those of the best alternative screening scales. CIDI-SC results can be compared directly to general population CIDI survey results or used to target and streamline second-stage CIDIs.
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