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Effects of withdrawal from long-term nicotine gum use

  • R. J. West (a1) and M. A. H. Russell (a1)
Synopsis
Synopsis

A small proportion of smokers who stop smoking with the aid of nicotine chewing gum continue to use the gum for more than a year. This study shows that when these people abstain from nicotine gum use they experience withdrawal symptoms similar to those found during cigarette withdrawal, including increased irritability, difficulty in concentrating and a drop in heart rate.

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Corresponding author
1 Address for correspondence: Dr R.J. West, Addiction Research Unit, Institute of Psychiatry, 101 Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF.
Linked references
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

A. A. Hjalmarson (1984). Effect of nicotine chewing gum in smoking cessation. Journal of the American Medical Association 252, 28352838.

J. R. Hughes , D. K. Hatsukami , R. W. Pickens , D. Krahn , S. Malins & A. Luknic (1984). Effect of nicotine on the tobacco withdrawal syndrome. Psychopharmacology 83, 8287.

M. J. Jarvis , M. Raw , M. A. H. Russell & C. Feyerabend (1982). Randomised controlled trial of nicotine chewing gum. British Medical Journal 285, 537540.

M. A. H. Russell , M. Raw & M. J. Jarvis (1980). Clinical use of nicotine chewing gum. British Medical Journal 280, 15991602.

M. A. H. Russell , R. Merriman , J. Stapleton & W. Taylor (1983). Effect of nicotine chewing gum as an adjunct to general practitioners' advice against smoking. British Medical Journal 287, 17821785.

N. C. Schneider , M. E. Jarvik & A. B. Forsythe (1984). Nicotine versus placebo gum in the alleviation of withdrawal during smoking cessation. Addictive Behaviors 9, 149156.

R. West , M. J. Jarvis , M. A. H. Russell , M. Carruthers & C. Feyerabend (1984 a). Effect of nicotine replacement on the cigarette withdrawal syndrome. British Journal of Addiction 79, 215219.

R. West , M. A. H. Russell , M. I. Jarvis & C. Feyerabend (1984 b). Does switching to an ultra-low nicotine cigarette induce nicotine withdrawal effects? Psychopharmacology 84, 120123.

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Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
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