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Effects of withdrawal from long-term nicotine gum use

  • R. J. West (a1) and M. A. H. Russell (a1)

A small proportion of smokers who stop smoking with the aid of nicotine chewing gum continue to use the gum for more than a year. This study shows that when these people abstain from nicotine gum use they experience withdrawal symptoms similar to those found during cigarette withdrawal, including increased irritability, difficulty in concentrating and a drop in heart rate.

Corresponding author
1 Address for correspondence: Dr R.J. West, Addiction Research Unit, Institute of Psychiatry, 101 Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF.
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West, R., Russell, M. A. H., Jarvis, M. I. & Feyerabend, C. (1984 b). Does switching to an ultra-low nicotine cigarette induce nicotine withdrawal effects? Psychopharmacology 84, 120123.
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Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
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