Chung, Yeunjoo and Jeglic, Elizabeth L. 2016. Use of the Modified Emotional Stroop Task to Detect Suicidality in College Population. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, Vol. 46, Issue. 1, p. 55.
Crane, Natania A. Jenkins, Lisanne M. Dion, Catherine Meyers, Kortni K. Weldon, Anne L. Gabriel, Laura B. Walker, Sara J. Hsu, David T. Noll, Douglas C. Klumpp, Heide Phan, K. Luan Zubieta, Jon-Kar and Langenecker, Scott A. 2016. Comorbid anxiety increases cognitive control activation in Major Depressive Disorder. Depression and Anxiety,
Dedovic, Katarina Giebl, Saskia Duchesne, Annie Lue, Sonja D. Andrews, Julie Efanov, Simona Engert, Veronika Beaudry, Thomas Baldwin, Mark W. and Pruessner, Jens C. 2016. Psychological, endocrine, and neural correlates of attentional bias in subclinical depression. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping, Vol. 29, Issue. 5, p. 479.
Garcia, Ronald G. Valenza, Gaetano Tomaz, Carlos and Barbieri, Riccardo 2016. Relationship between cardiac vagal activity and mood congruent memory bias in major depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 190, p. 19.
Henckens, Marloes J. A. G. Klumpers, Floris Everaerd, Daphne Kooijman, Sabine C. van Wingen, Guido A. and Fernández, Guillén 2016. Interindividual differences in stress sensitivity: basal and stress-induced cortisol levels differentially predict neural vigilance processing under stress. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, Vol. 11, Issue. 4, p. 663.
Huie, David Aronson, Joshua P. and Eskandar, Emad N. 2016. Neuromodulation in Psychiatry.
Rohr, Christiane S. Villringer, Arno Solms-Baruth, Carolina van der Meer, Elke Margulies, Daniel S. and Okon-Singer, Hadas 2016. The neural networks of subjectively evaluated emotional conflicts. Human Brain Mapping, Vol. 37, Issue. 6, p. 2234.
Wang, Xiang Öngür, Dost Auerbach, Randy P. and Yao, Shuqiao 2016. Cognitive Vulnerability to Major Depression. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, Vol. 24, Issue. 3, p. 188.
Young, Christina B. Mueller, Bernhard and Tendolkar, Indira 2016. Systems Neuroscience in Depression.
Belzung, Catherine Willner, Paul and Philippot, Pierre 2015. Depression: from psychopathology to pathophysiology. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, Vol. 30, p. 24.
Fu, Cynthia HY Costafreda, Sergi G Sankar, Anjali Adams, Tracey M Rasenick, Mark M Liu, Peng Donati, Robert Maglanoc, Luigi A Horton, Paul and Marangell, Lauren B 2015. Multimodal functional and structural neuroimaging investigation of major depressive disorder following treatment with duloxetine. BMC Psychiatry, Vol. 15, Issue. 1,
Jaworska, Natalia Yang, Xiao-Ru Knott, Verner and MacQueen, Glenda 2015. A review of fMRI studies during visual emotive processing in major depressive disorder. The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry, Vol. 16, Issue. 7, p. 448.
Kaiser, Roselinde H. Andrews-Hanna, Jessica R. Spielberg, Jeffrey M. Warren, Stacie L. Sutton, Bradley P. Miller, Gregory A. Heller, Wendy and Banich, Marie T. 2015. Distracted and down: neural mechanisms of affective interference in subclinical depression. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, Vol. 10, Issue. 5, p. 654.
Palmer, Susan M. Crewther, Sheila G. and Carey, Leeanne M. 2015. A Meta-Analysis of Changes in Brain Activity in Clinical Depression. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, Vol. 8,
Reynolds, Michael G. and Langerak, Robin M. 2015. Emotional Stroop Dilution: The boundary conditions of attentional capture by threat words. Acta Psychologica, Vol. 159, p. 108.
Wei, Xinhua Shen, Huicong Ren, Jiliang Liu, Wenhua Yang, Ruimeng Liu, Jun Wu, Hongzhen Xu, Xiangdong Lai, Lisha Hu, Jiani Pan, Xiaoping and Jiang, Xinqing 2015. Alteration of spontaneous neuronal activity in young adults with non-clinical depressive symptoms. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, Vol. 233, Issue. 1, p. 36.
Atkinson, Lauren Sankar, Anjali Adams, Tracey M. and Fu, Cynthia H. Y. 2014. Recent Advances in Neuroimaging of Mood Disorders: Structural and Functional Neural Correlates of Depression, Changes with Therapy, and Potential for Clinical Biomarkers. Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry, Vol. 1, Issue. 3, p. 278.
Isaac, Linda Vrijsen, Janna N. Rinck, Mike Speckens, Anne and Becker, Eni S. 2014. Shorter gaze duration for happy faces in current but not remitted depression: Evidence from eye movements. Psychiatry Research, Vol. 218, Issue. 1-2, p. 79.
Langenecker, Scott A. Jacobs, Rachel H. and Passarotti, Alessandra M. 2014. Current Neural and Behavioral Dimensional Constructs Across Mood Disorders. Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports, Vol. 1, Issue. 3, p. 144.
Matsubara, Toshio Matsuo, Koji Nakashima, Mami Nakano, Masayuki Harada, Kenichiro Watanuki, Toshio Egashira, Kazuteru and Watanabe, Yoshifumi 2014. Prefrontal activation in response to emotional words in patients with bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder. NeuroImage, Vol. 85, p. 489.
A mood-congruent sensitivity towards negative stimuli has been associated with development and maintenance of major depressive disorder (MDD). The emotional Stroop task assesses interference effects arising from the conflict of emotional expressions consistent with disorder-specific self-schemata and cognitive colour-naming instructions. Functional neuroimaging studies of the emotional Stroop effect advocate a critical involvement of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) during these processes.
Subjects were 17 medication-free individuals with unipolar MDD in an acute depressive episode (mean age 39 years), and 17 age-, gender- and IQ-matched healthy volunteers. In an emotional Stroop task, sad and neutral words were presented in various colours, and subjects were required to name the colour of words whilst undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Overt verbal responses were acquired with a clustered fMRI acquisition sequence.
Individuals with depression showed greater increases in response time from neutral to sad words relative to controls. fMRI data showed a significant engagement of left rostral ACC (BA 32) and right precuneus during sad words in patients relative to controls. Additionally, rostral ACC activation was positively correlated with latencies of negative words in MDD patients. Healthy controls did not have any regions of increased activation compared to MDD patients.
These findings provide evidence for a behavioural and neural emotional Stroop effect in MDD and highlight the importance of the ACC during monitoring of conflicting cognitive processes and mood-congruent processing in depression.
This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.