Brooker, Charlie Tocque, Karen Kennedy, Angela and Brown, Martin 2016. The Care Programme Approach, sexual violence and clinical practice in mental health. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, Vol. 43, p. 97.
Brooker, Charlie and Tocque, Karen 2016. Mental health risk factors in sexual assault: What should Sexual Assault Referral Centre staff be aware of?. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, Vol. 40, p. 28.
Castellini, Giovanni Lelli, Lorenzo Ricca, Valdo and Maggi, Mario 2016. Sexuality in eating disorders patients: etiological factors, sexual dysfunction and identity issues. A systematic review. Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation, Vol. 25, Issue. 2,
Culbert, Kristen M. Racine, Sarah E. and Klump, Kelly L. 2016. Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System.
Dovran, Anders Winje, Dagfinn Øverland, Simon Arefjord, Kjersti Hansen, Anita and Waage, Leif 2016. Childhood maltreatment and adult mental health. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 70, Issue. 2, p. 140.
Hughes, Karen Lowey, Helen Quigg, Zara and Bellis, Mark A. 2016. Relationships between adverse childhood experiences and adult mental well-being: results from an English national household survey. BMC Public Health, Vol. 16, Issue. 1,
Werner, K. B. McCutcheon, V. V. Challa, M. Agrawal, A. Lynskey, M. T. Conroy, E. Statham, D. J. Madden, P. A. F. Henders, A. K. Todorov, A. A. Heath, A. C. Degenhardt, L. Martin, N. G. Bucholz, K. K. and Nelson, E. C. 2016. The association between childhood maltreatment, psychopathology, and adult sexual victimization in men and women: results from three independent samples. Psychological Medicine, Vol. 46, Issue. 03, p. 563.
Amado, Bárbara G. Arce, Ramón and Herraiz, Andrés 2015. Psychological injury in victims of child sexual abuse: A meta-analytic review. Psychosocial Intervention, Vol. 24, Issue. 1, p. 49.
Cooper, Claudia Rantell, Khadija Blanchard, Martin McManus, Sally Dennis, Michael Brugha, Traolach Jenkins, Rachel Meltzer, Howard and Bebbington, Paul 2015. Why are suicidal thoughts less prevalent in older age groups? Age differences in the correlates of suicidal thoughts in the English Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2007. Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 177, p. 42.
Duncan, Alexis E. Sartor, Carolyn E. Jonson-Reid, Melissa Munn-Chernoff, Melissa A. Eschenbacher, Michaela A. Diemer, Elizabeth W. Nelson, Elliot C. Waldron, Mary Bucholz, Kathleen K. Madden, Pamela A.F. and Heath, Andrew C. 2015. Associations between body mass index, post-traumatic stress disorder, and child maltreatment in young women. Child Abuse & Neglect, Vol. 45, p. 154.
Forsman, Mats Johansson, Ada Santtila, Pekka Sandnabba, Kenneth and Långström, Niklas 2015. Sexually Coercive Behavior Following Childhood Maltreatment. Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 44, Issue. 1, p. 149.
Frommberger, Ulrich Nyberg, Elisabeth Angenendt, Jörg Lieb, Klaus and Berger, Mathias 2015. Psychische Erkrankungen.
Kimbrel, Nathan A. DeBeer, Bryann B. Meyer, Eric C. Silvia, Paul J. Beckham, Jean C. Young, Keith A. and Morissette, Sandra B. 2015. An examination of the broader effects of warzone experiences on returning Iraq/Afghanistan veterans׳ psychiatric health. Psychiatry Research, Vol. 226, Issue. 1, p. 78.
Marwaha, S. and Bebbington, P. 2015. Mood as a mediator of the link between child sexual abuse and psychosis. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, Vol. 50, Issue. 4, p. 661.
Ohre, B. Uthus, M. P. von Tetzchner, S. and Falkum, E. 2015. Traumatization in Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Adult Psychiatric Outpatients. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, Vol. 20, Issue. 3, p. 296.
Shevlin, Mark McElroy, Eoin and Murphy, Jamie 2015. Loneliness mediates the relationship between childhood trauma and adult psychopathology: evidence from the adult psychiatric morbidity survey. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, Vol. 50, Issue. 4, p. 591.
2015. The Psychology of Interpersonal Violence.
Elkjaer, Henriette Kristensen, Ellids Mortensen, Erik L. Poulsen, Stig and Lau, Marianne 2014. Analytic versus systemic group therapy for women with a history of child sexual abuse: 1-Year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, Vol. 87, Issue. 2, p. 191.
Gisladottir, Agnes Harlow, Bernard L. Gudmundsdottir, Berglind Bjarnadottir, Ragnheidur I. Jonsdottir, Eyrun Aspelund, Thor Cnattingius, Sven and Valdimarsdottir, Unnur A. 2014. Risk factors and health during pregnancy among women previously exposed to sexual violence. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, Vol. 93, Issue. 4, p. 351.
Jonas, S. Khalifeh, H. Bebbington, P. E. McManus, S. Brugha, T. Meltzer, H. and Howard, L. M. 2014. Gender differences in intimate partner violence and psychiatric disorders in England: results from the 2007 adult psychiatric morbidity survey. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, Vol. 23, Issue. 02, p. 189.
Evidence is accumulating that child sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with many psychiatric disorders in adulthood. This paper uses the detailed information available from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey of England (APMS 2007) to quantify links between CSA and a range of psychiatric conditions.
The prevalence of psychiatric disorder was established in a random sample of the English household population (n=7403), which also provided sociodemographic and experiential information.
We analyzed six types of common mental disorder, alcohol abuse and drug abuse, and people who screened positively for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and eating disorders. All were strongly and highly significantly associated with CSA, particularly if non-consensual sexual intercourse was involved, for which odds ratios (ORs) ranged from 3.7 to 12.1. These disorders were also related to adult sexual abuse (ASA), although the likelihood of reverse causality is then increased. Revictimization in adulthood was common, and increased the association of CSA with disorder. For several disorders, the relative odds were higher in females but formal tests for moderation by gender were significant only for common mental disorders and only in relation to non-consensual sexual intercourse. The population attributable fraction (PAF) was higher in females in all cases.
The detailed and high-quality data in APMS 2007 provided important confirmation both of the strength of association of CSA with psychiatric disorder and of its relative non-specificity. Our results have major implications at the public health level and the individual level, in particular the need for better recognition and treatment of the sequelae of CSA.
This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.