This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
ER Berndt , LM Koran , SN Finkelstein , AJ Gelenberg , SG Kornstein , IM Miller , ME Thase , GA Trapp , MB Keller (2000). Lost human capital from early-onset chronic depression. American Journal of Psychiatry 157, 940–947.
B Birmaher , C Arbelaez , D Brent (2002). Course and outcome of child and adolescent major depressive disorder. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America 11, 619–637.
W Crown , S Finkelstein , E Brendt , D Ling , AW Poret , J Rush , JM Russell (2002). The impact of treatment-resistant depression in health care utilization and costs. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 63, 963–971.
V Dunn , IM Goodyer (2006). Longitudinal investigation into childhood and adolescent onset depression: psychiatric outcome in early adulthood. British Journal of Psychiatry 188, 216–222.
S Folkman , RS Lazarus (1980). An analysis of coping in a middle-aged community sample. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 21, 219–239.
G Garyfallos , A Adamopoulou , A Karastergiou , M Voikli , A Sotiropoulou , S Donias , J Giouzepas , A Paraschos (1999). Personality disorders in dysthymia and major depression. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 99, 332–340.
WS Gilmer , MH Trivedi , AJ Rush , SR Wisniewski , J Luther , RH Howland , D Yohanna , A Khan , J Alpert (2005). Factors associated with chronic depressive episodes: a preliminary report from the STAR*D project. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 112, 425–433.
M Hamilton (1960). A rating scale for depression. Journal of Neurology and Neurosurgery 23, 56–61.
JC Hays , KR Krishnan , LK George , CF Pieper , EP Flint , DG Blazer (1997). Psychosocial and physical correlates of chronic depression. Psychiatry Research 72, 149–159.
TH Holmes , RH Rahe (1967). The social readjustment rating scale. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 11, 213–218.
MB Keller , JP McCullough , DN Klein , BL Arnow , DL Duner , AJ Gelenberg , JC Markowitz , CB Nemeroff , JM Russell , ME Thase , MH Trivedi , J Zajecka (2000). A comparison of nefazodone, the cognitive behavioral-analysis system of psychotherapy, and their combination for the treatment of chronic depression. New England Journal of Medicine 342, 1462–1470.
DN Klein , PM Lewinsohn , P Rohde , JR Seeley , CE Durbin (2002). Clinical features of major depressive disorder in adolescents and their relatives: impact on familial aggregation, implications for phenotype definition and specificity of transmission. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 111, 98–106.
DN Klein , AS Shankman , PM Lewinsohn , P Rohde , JR Seeley (2004). Family study of chronic depression in a community sample of young adults. American Journal of Psychiatry 161, 646–653.
PM Lewinsohn , H Hops , RE Roberts , JR Seeley , JA Andrews (1993). Adolescent psychopathology: I. Prevalence and incidence of depression and other DSM-III-R disorders in high school students. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 102, 133–144.
PM Lewinsohn , RM Mermelstein , C Alexander , D MacPhillamy (1985). The Unpleasant Events Schedule: a scale for the measurement of aversive events. Journal of Clinical Psychology 41, 483–498.
FM Mondimore , PP Zandi , DF MacKinnon , MG McInnis , EB Miller , RP Crowe , WA Scheftner , DH Marta , MM Weissman , DF Levinson , KP Murphy-Ebenez , JR DePaulo , JB Potash (2006). Familial aggregation of illness chronicity in recurrent, early-onset major depression pedigrees. American Journal of Psychiatry 163, 1554–1560.
FM Mondimore , PP Zandi , DF MacKinnon , MG McInnis , EB Miller , B Schweizer , RP Crowe , WA Scheftner , MM Weissman , DF Levinson , JR DePaulo , JB Potash (2007). A comparison of the familiality of chronic depression in recurrent early-onset depression pedigrees using different definitions of chronicity. Journal of Affective Disorders 100, 171–177.
H Orvaschel , J Puig-Antich , WJ Chambers , MR Tabrizi , R Johnson (1982). Retrospective assessment of prepubertal major depression with the Kiddie-SADS-E. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 21, 392–397.
GB Parker , LB Brown (1979). Repertoires of response to potential precipitants of depression. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 13, 327–333.
ME Procidano , K Heller (1983). Measures of perceived social support from friends and from family: three validation studies. American Journal of Community Psychology 11, 1–24.
LS Radloff (1977). The CES-D Scale: a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement 1, 385–401.
P Rohde , PM Lewinsohn , JR Seeley (1997). Comparability of telephone and face-to-face interviews assessing Axis I and II disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry 154, 1593–1598.
M Rosenberg (1965). Society and the Adolescent Self-Image. Princeton University Press: Princeton, NJ.
IN Sandler , M Block (1979). Life stress and maladaption of children. American Journal of Community Psychology 7, 425–439.
AF Schatzberg , AJ Rush , BA Arnow , PL Banks , JA Blalock , FE Borian , R Howland , DN Klein , JH Kocsis , SG Kornstein , R Manber , JC Markowitz , I Miller , PT Ninan , BO Rothbaum , ME Thase , MH Trivedi , MB Keller (2005). Chronic depression: medication (nefazodone) or psychotherapy (CBASP) is effective when the other is not. Archives of General Psychiatry 62, 513–520.
E Sobin , MM Weissman , RB Goldstein , P Adams , P Wickramaratne , V Warner , JD Lish (1993). Diagnostic interviewing for family studies: comparing telephone and face-to-face methods for the diagnosis of lifetime psychiatric disorders. Psychiatric Genetics 3, 227–233.
DA Solomon , AC Leon , J Endicott , TI Mueller , W Coryell , MT Shea , MB Keller (2004). Psychosocial impairment and recurrence of major depression. Comprehensive Psychiatry 45, 423–430.
J Spijker , R De Graaf , RV Bijl , ATF Beekman , J Ormel , WA Nolen (2004). Determinants of persistence of major depressive episodes in the general population. Results from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS). Journal of Affective Disorders 81, 231–240.
KE Watkins , SM Paddock , L Zhang , KB Wells (2006). Improving care for depression in patients with comorbid substance misuse. American Journal of Psychiatry 163, 125–132.
G Zalsman , DA Brent , VR Weersing (2006). Depressive disorders in childhood and adolescence: an overview. Epidemiology, clinical manifestation and risk factors. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America 15, 827–841.