Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Emotion recognition in autism: coordinating faces and voices

  • R. P. Hobson (a1), J. Ouston (a1) and A. Lee (a1)
Synopsis

Autistic and non-autistic mentally retarded adolescents and young adults were individually matched for age and verbal ability and were given tasks in which they chose photographs of faces for emotionally expressive voices, and photographs of non-emotional things or events to accompany recorded sounds. The results were that relative to control subjects, autistic individuals performed less well on the emotion tasks than on the non-emotion tasks. The findings suggest that autistic individuals have a disability in recognizing bodily expressions of emotion, and that there is a degree of task-specificity to this impairment.

Copyright
Corresponding author
1 Address for correspondence: Dr R. Peter Hobson, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London, SE5 8AF.
References
Hide All
Attwood, A. J. (1984). The gestures of autistic children. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of London.
Bartak, L., Rutter, M. & Cox, A. (1975). A comparative study of infantile autism and specific developmental receptive language disorder. I. The children. British Journal of Psychiatry 126, 127145.
Campbell, R. (1982). The lateralisation of emotion: a critical review. International Journal of Psychology 17, 211229.
Cohen, M. E. & Nodine, C. F. (1978). Memory processes in facial recognition and recall. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12, 317319.
Dunn, L. M. (1965). Expanded Manual for the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test. American Guidance Service: Circle Pines Minnesota.
Dunn, L. M., Dunn, L. M. & Whetton, C. (1982). British Picture Vocabulary Scale. NFER-Nelson: Windsor.
Ekman, P. & Friesen, W. V. (1975). Unmasking the Face. A Guide to Recognizing Emotions from Facial Cues. Prentice Hall: Englewood Cliffs N.J.
Fein, D. (1987). Social and non-social tasks in PDD and young normal children. Paper presented at a symposium on the Development of Social Cognition in Autistic Spectrum Disorder,SRCD Conference,BaltimoreApril. (Laboratory of Neuropsychology, Boston University School of Medicine, 85 East Newton Street, Boston Mass. 02118, USA.)
Fein, D., Pennington, B., Markowitz, P., Braverman, M. & Waterhouse, L. (1986). Toward a neuropsychological model of infantile autism: Are the social deficits primary? Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry 25, 198212.
Feinberg, T. E., Rifkin, A., Schaffer, C. & Walker, E. (1986). Facial discrimination and emotional recognition in schizophrenia and affective disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry 43, 276279.
Gillies, S. (1965). Some abilities of psychotic children and subnormal controls. Journal of Mental Deficiency Research 9, 89101.
Gray, J. M., Fraser, W. L. & Leudar, I. (1983). Recognition of emotion from facial expression in mental handicap. British Journal of Psychiatry 142, 566571.
Hermelin, B. & O'Connor, N. (1985). Logico-affective states and nonverbal language. In Communication Problems in Autism (ed. Schopler, E. & Mesibov, G. B.), pp. 283310. Plenum Press: New York.
Hobson, R. P. (1983). The autistic child's recognition of age-related features of people, animals and things. British Journal of Developmental Psychology 1, 343352.
Hobson, R. P. (1986 a). The autistic child's appraisal of expressions of emotion. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 27, 321342.
Hobson, R. P. (1986 b). The autistic child's appraisal of expressions of emotion: A further study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 27, 671680.
Hobson, R. P. (1988). Beyond cognition: a theory of autism. In Autism: New Perspectives on Diagnosis, Nature and Treatment (ed. Dawson, G.). Guílford: New York. (In the press).
Hobson, R. P., Ouston, J. & Lee, A. (1988 a). What's in a face? The case of autism. British Journal of Psychology (in the press).
Hobson, R. P., Ouston, J. & Lee, A. (1988 b). Recognition of emotion by mentally retarded adolescents and young adults. (Submitted for publication.)
Jennings, W. B. (1973). A study of the preference for affective cues in autistic children. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Memphis State University.
Kanner, L. (1943). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Child 2, 217250.
Lungdell, T. (1978). Recognition of faces: an approach to the study of autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 19, 255268.
Langdell, T. (1982). Peer perception: toward a unified theory of autism.In Proceedings of the 1981 International Conference on Autism,Boston U.S A. (ed. Park, D.), pp. 8996. National Society for Children and Adults with Autism: Washington DC.
Marcell, M. M. & Jett, DeL. A. (1985). Identification of vocally expressed emotions by mentally retarded and non-retarded individuals. American Journal of Mental Deficiency 85, 537545.
Maurer, H. & Newbrough, J. R. (1987). Facial expressions of mentally retarded and nonretarded children. I. Recognition by mentally retarded and nonretarded adults. American Journal of Mental Deficiency 91, 505510.
Novic, J., Luchins, D. H. & Perline, R. (1984). Facial affect recognition in schizophrenia. Is there a differential deficit? British Journal of Psychiatry 144, 533537.
O'Connor, N. & Hermelin, B. (1967). The selective visual attention of psychotic children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 8, 167179.
Raven, J. C. (1960). The Standard Progressive Matrices: Sets A, B, C, D and E. H. K. Lewis: London.
Raven, J. C. (1965). The Coloured Progressive Matrices: Sets A, Ab B. H. K. Lewis: London.
Ricks, D. M. (1975). Vocal communication in pre-verbal normal and autistic children. In Language, Cognitive Deficits, and Retardation. (ed. O'Connor, N.), pp. 7580. Butterworths: London.
Rutter, M. (1974). The development of infantile autism. Psychological Medicine 4, 147163.
Scott, D. W. (1985). Asperger's syndrome and non-verbal communication: a pilot study. Psychological Medicine 15, 683687.
Tucker, D. M. (1981). Lateral brain function, emotion, and conceptualization. Psychological Bulletin 89, 1946.
Walker, E., McGuire, M. & Bettes, B. (1984). Recognition and identification of facial stimuli by schizophrenics and patients with affective disorders. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 23, 3744.
Weeks, S. J. & Hobson, R. P. (1987). The salience of facial expression for autistic children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 28, 137152.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed