Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 43
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Slopen, Natalie Chen, Ying Priest, Naomi Albert, Michelle A. and Williams, David R. 2016. Emotional and instrumental support during childhood and biological dysregulation in midlife. Preventive Medicine, Vol. 84, p. 90.

    Currie, Janet Duque, Valentina and Garfinkel, Irwin 2015. The Great Recession and Mothers' Health. The Economic Journal, Vol. 125, Issue. 588, p. F311.

    Rodic, Donja Meyer, Andrea Hans and Meinlschmidt, Gunther 2015. The Association between Depressive Symptoms and Physical Diseases in Switzerland: A Cross-Sectional General Population Study. Frontiers in Public Health, Vol. 3,

    Turney, Kristin and Wildeman, Christopher 2015. Self-Reported Health Among Recently Incarcerated Mothers. American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 105, Issue. 10, p. 2014.

    Walker, Elizabeth Reisinger and Druss, Benjamin G. 2015. Rate and Predictors of Persistent Major Depressive Disorder in a Nationally Representative Sample. Community Mental Health Journal, Vol. 51, Issue. 6, p. 701.

    Taha, Farah Lipsitz, Joshua D. Galea, Sandro Demmer, Ryan T. Talley, Nicholas J. and Goodwin, Renee D. 2014. Anxiety disorders and risk of self-reported ulcer: a 10-year longitudinal study among US adults. General Hospital Psychiatry, Vol. 36, Issue. 6, p. 674.

    Turney, Kristin 2012. Pathways of disadvantage: Explaining the relationship between maternal depression and children’s problem behaviors. Social Science Research, Vol. 41, Issue. 6, p. 1546.

    den Heijer, Tom Tiemeier, Henning Luijendijk, Hendrika J. van der Lijn, Fedde Koudstaal, Peter J. Hofman, Albert and Breteler, Monique M.B. 2011. A Study of the Bidirectional Association Between Hippocampal Volume on Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Depression in the Elderly. Biological Psychiatry, Vol. 70, Issue. 2, p. 191.

    Mitchell, C. Notterman, D. Brooks-Gunn, J. Hobcraft, J. Garfinkel, I. Jaeger, K. Kotenko, I. and McLanahan, S. 2011. Role of mother's genes and environment in postpartum depression. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 108, Issue. 20, p. 8189.

    Shyn, S I Shi, J Kraft, J B Potash, J B Knowles, J A Weissman, M M Garriock, H A Yokoyama, J S McGrath, P J Peters, E J Scheftner, W A Coryell, W Lawson, W B Jancic, D Gejman, P V Sanders, A R Holmans, P Slager, S L Levinson, D F and Hamilton, S P 2011. Novel loci for major depression identified by genome-wide association study of Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to Relieve Depression and meta-analysis of three studies. Molecular Psychiatry, Vol. 16, Issue. 2, p. 202.

    Sunderland, Matthew Andrews, Gavin Slade, Tim and Peters, Lorna 2011. Measuring the level of diagnostic concordance and discordance between modules of the CIDI-Short Form and the CIDI-Auto 2.1. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, Vol. 46, Issue. 8, p. 775.

    Turney, Kristin 2011. Labored love: Examining the link between maternal depression and parenting behaviors. Social Science Research, Vol. 40, Issue. 1, p. 399.

    Turney, Kristin 2011. Chronic and Proximate Depression Among Mothers: Implications for Child Well-Being. Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 73, Issue. 1, p. 149.

    Turney, Kristin and Carlson, Marcia J. 2011. Multipartnered Fertility and Depression Among Fragile Families. Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 73, Issue. 3, p. 570.

    Briffault, X. Morvan, Y. Rouillon, F. Dardennes, R. and Lamboy, B. 2010. Recours aux soins et adéquation des traitements de l’épisode dépressif majeur en France. L'Encéphale, Vol. 36, p. D48.

    Briffault, X. Morvan, Y. Rouillon, F. Dardennes, R. and Lamboy, B. 2010. Facteurs associés à l’adéquation des traitements de l’épisode dépressif majeur en France. L'Encéphale, Vol. 36, p. D59.

    Chiu, Ching-Ju Wray, Linda A. Beverly, Elizabeth A. and Dominic, Oralia G. 2010. The role of health behaviors in mediating the relationship between depressive symptoms and glycemic control in type 2 diabetes: a structural equation modeling approach. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, Vol. 45, Issue. 1, p. 67.

    Karlsson, Linnea Marttunen, Mauri Karlsson, Hasse Kaprio, Jaakko and Hillevi, Aro 2010. Minor change in the diagnostic threshold leads into major alteration in the prevalence estimate of depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 122, Issue. 1-2, p. 96.

    Pez, Ondine Gilbert, Fabien Bitfoi, Adina Carta, Mauro Giovanni Jordanova, Vesna Garcia-Mahia, Carmen Mateos-Alvarez, Raimundo Prince, Martin Tudorache, Bogdana Blatier, Catherine and Kovess-Masfety, Viviane 2010. Validity across translations of short survey psychiatric diagnostic instruments: CIDI-SF and CIS-R versus SCID-I/NP in four European countries. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, Vol. 45, Issue. 12, p. 1149.

    Benazzi, Franco and Akiskal, Hagop S. 2009. The modified SCID Hypomania Module (SCID-Hba): A detailed systematic phenomenologic probing. Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 117, Issue. 3, p. 131.


Major depressive episode among young adults: CIDI-SF versus SCAN consensus diagnoses

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 October 2002

Background. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a highly structured diagnostic interview in relation to a semi-structured diagnostic procedure. We compared the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview Short Form (CIDI-SF) in diagnosing major depressive episode (MDE) to consensus diagnoses based on the SCAN interview (Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry).

Method. Subjects comprised a follow-up sample of 239 20–24-year-old former high-school students who were administered the SCAN and immediately thereafter the CIDI-SF. Concordance was estimated for 12-month MDE, using different cut-points of the CIDI-SF and for any affective disorders.

Results. Correspondence between instruments was moderate for MDE (κ = 0.43, sensitivity 0.71, specificity 0.82), but better for any affective disorder (κ = 0.60, sensitivity 0.70, specificity 0.90). Most false negatives suffered from their depression as much as those correctly identified by the CIDI-SF. False negativity was mainly due to not endorsing the stem questions of the CIDI-SF. Of the false positives almost half had an affective disorder other than MDE.

Conclusions. The CIDI-SF seems to function best in identifying a broader category of affective disorders. It could be useful in large-scale community surveys where more extensive psychiatric interviews are not feasible.

Corresponding author
Address for correspondence: Dr Terhi Aalto-Setälä, Iirislahdenranta 30 A, FIN-02230 Espoo, Finland.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *