Alarcón RD, Bell CC, Kirmayer LJ, Lin KM, Üstün B, Wisner KL (2002). Beyond the funhouse mirrors. Research agenda on culture and psychiatric diagnosis. In A Research Agenda for DSM-V (ed. Kupfer D. J., First M. B. and Regier D. A.), pp. 219–290. American Psychiatric Association: Washington, DC.
Bebbington PE, Hurry J, Tennant C (1981). Psychiatric disorders in selected immigrant groups in Camberwell. Social Psychiatry 16, 43–51.
Bhui K, Tsangarides N (2008). Culture and schizophrenia. Psychiatry 7, 454–457.
Borenstein M (2010). Meta-Analysis: Computing Treatment Effects and Effect Sizes. Wiley: Chichester.
Borenstein M, Hedges LV, Higgins JPT (2005). Comprehensive Meta-analysis Version 2. Biostat: Englewood, NJ.
Borenstein M, Hedges LV, Higgins JPT, Rothstein HR (2009 a). Effect sizes based on binary data (2×2 tables). In Introduction to Meta-Analysis, pp. 33–40. Wiley: Chichester.
Borenstein M, Hedges LV, Higgins JPT, Rothstein HR (2009 b). Fixed-effect versus random-effects models. In Introduction to Meta-Analysis, pp. 77–86. Wiley: Chichester.
Borenstein M, Hedges LV, Higgins JPT, Rothstein HR (2009 c). Identifying and quantifying heterogeneity. In Introduction to Meta-Analysis, pp. 107–126. Wiley: Chichester.
Boydell J, van Os J, McKenzie K, Allardyce J, Goel R, McCreadie RG, Murray RM (2001). Incidence of schizophrenia in ethnic minorities in London: ecological study into interactions with environment. British Medical Journal 323, 1336–1338.
Cantor-Graae E (2007). The contribution of social factors to the development of schizophrenia: a review of recent findings. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 52, 277–286.
Cantor-Graae E, Pedersen CB (2007). Risk of schizophrenia in second-generation immigrants: a Danish population-based cohort study. Psychological Medicine 37, 485–494.
Cantor-Graae E, Pedersen CB, McNeil TF, Mortensen PB (2003). Migration as a risk factor for schizophrenia: a Danish population-based cohort study. British Journal of Psychiatry 182, 117–122.
Cantor-Graae E, Selten JP (2005). Schizophrenia and migration: a meta-analysis and review. American Journal of Psychiatry 162, 12–24.
Cantor-Graae E, Zolkowska K, McNeil TF (2005). Increased risk of psychotic disorder among immigrants in Malmo: a 3-year first-contact study. Psychological Medicine 35, 1155–1163.
Castle D, Wessely S, Der G, Murray RM (1991). The incidence of operationally defined schizophrenia in Camberwell, 1965–84. British Journal of Psychiatry 159, 790–794.
Cochrane R (1977). Mental illness in immigrants to England and Wales: an analysis of mental hospital admissions, 1971. Social Psychiatry 12, 25–35.
Cochrane R, Bal SS (1987). Migration and schizophrenia: an examination of five hypotheses. Social Psychiatry 22, 181–191.
Coid JW, Kirkbride JB, Barker D, Cowden F, Stamps R, Yang M, Jones PB (2008). Raised incidence rates of all psychoses among migrant groups: findings from the East London first episode psychosis study. Archives of General Psychiatry 65, 1250–1258.
Cooper HM, Hedges LV, Valentine JC (2009). The Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis, 2nd edn. Russell Sage Foundation: New York.
Corcoran C, Perrin M, Harlap S, Deutsch L, Fennig S, Manor O, Nahon D, Kimhy D, Malaspina D, Susser E (2008). Incidence of schizophrenia among second-generation immigrants in the Jerusalem perinatal cohort. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 35, 596–602.
Dealberto MJ (2007). Why are immigrants at increased risk for psychosis? Vitamin D insufficiency, epigenetic mechanisms, or both? Medical Hypotheses 68, 259–267.
Dean G, Walsh D, Downing H, Shelley E (1981). First admissions of native-born and immigrants to psychiatric hospitals in South-East England 1976. British Journal of Psychiatry 139, 506–512.
Egger M, Smith GD, Altman DG (2001). Systematic Reviews in Health Care. Meta-analysis in Context. BMJ Books: London.
Fearon P, Kirkbride JB, Morgan C, Dazzan P, Morgan K, Lloyd T, Hutchinson G, Tarrant J, Fung WLA, Holloway J, Mallett R, Harrison G, Leff J, Jones PB, Murray RM (2006). Incidence of schizophrenia and other psychoses in ethnic minority groups: results from the MRC AESOP study. Psychological Medicine 36, 1541–1550.
Fearon P, Morgan C (2006). Environmental factors in schizophrenia: the role of migrant studies. Schizophrenia Bulletin 32, 405–408.
Gale CR, Martyn CN (1995). Migrant studies in multiple sclerosis. Progress in Neurobiology 47, 425–448.
Harrison G, Glazebrook C, Brewin J, Cantwell R, Dalkin T, Fox R, Jones P, Medley I (1997). Increased incidence of psychotic disorders in migrants from the Caribbean to the United Kingdom. Psychological Medicine 27, 799–806.
Harrison G, Owens D, Holton A, Neilson D, Boot D (1988). A prospective study of severe mental disorder in Afro-Caribbean patients. Psychological Medicine 18, 643–657.
Hitch PJ, Clegg P (1980). Modes of referral of overseas immigrant and native-born first admissions to psychiatric hospital. Social Science and Medicine. Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology 14A, 369–374.
Jablensky A, Sartorius N, Ernberg G (1992). Schizophrenia: manifestations, incidence and course in different cultures. A World Health Organization ten-country study. Psychological Medicine. Monograph Supplement 20, 1–97.
Janssen I, Hanssen M, Bak M (2003). Discrimination and delusional ideation. British Journal of Psychiatry 182, 71–76.
Kirkbride JB, Fearon P, Morgan C, Dazzan P, Morgan K, Murray RM, Jones PB (2007). Neighbourhood variation in the incidence of psychotic disorders in Southeast London. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 42, 438–445.
Krupinski J, Cochrane R (1980). Migration and mental health – a comparative study. Journal of Intercultural Studies 1, 49–57.
Leao TS, Sundquist J, Frank G, Johansson LM, Johansson SE, Sundquist K (2006). Incidence of schizophrenia or other psychoses in first- and second-generation immigrants: a National Cohort Study. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 194, 27–33.
Lin SS, Kelsey JL (2000). Use of race and ethnicity in epidemiologic research: concepts, methodological issues, and suggestions for research. Epidemiologic Reviews 22, 187–202.
McGrath J (1999). Hypothesis: is low prenatal vitamin D a risk-modifying factor for schizophrenia? Schizophrenia Research 40, 173–177.
McGrath J, Saha S, Welham J, El Saadi O, MacCauley C, Chant D (2004). A systematic review of the incidence of schizophrenia: the distribution of rates and the influence of sex, urbanicity, migrant status and methodology. BMC Medicine 2, 13.
Ödegaard O (1932). Emigration and insanity. Acta Psychiatrica et Neurologica. Supplementum 4, 1–206.
Pai M, McCulloch M, Gorman JD, Pai N, Enanoria W, Kennedy G, Tharyan P, Colford JM Jr. (2004). Systematic reviews and meta-analyses: an illustrated, step-by-step guide. The National Medical Journal of India 17, 86–95.
Ramagopalan SV, Dyment DA, Ebers GC (2008). Genetic epidemiology: the use of old and new tools for multiple sclerosis. Trends in Neurosciences 31, 645–652.
Rwegellera GG (1977). Psychiatric morbidity among West Africans and West Indians living in London. Psychological Medicine 7, 317–329.
Sashidharan SP (1993). Afro-Caribbeans and schizophrenia: the ethnic vulnerability hypothesis re-examined. International Review of Psychiatry 5, 129–143.
Selten JP, Cantor-Graae E (2005). Social defeat: risk factor for schizophrenia? British Journal of Psychiatry 187, 101–102.
Selten JP, Cantor-Graae E (2007). Hypothesis: social defeat is a risk factor for schizophrenia? British Journal of Psychiatry 191, s9–s12.
Selten JP, Cantor-Graae E, Kahn RS (2007). Migration and schizophrenia. Current Opinion in Psychiatry 20, 111–115.
Selten JP, Sijben N (1994). First admission rates for schizophrenia in immigrants to the Netherlands: the Dutch national register. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 29, 71–77.
Selten JP, Slaets JPJ, Kahn RS (1997). Schizophrenia in Surinamese and Dutch Antillean immigrants to The Netherlands: evidence of an increased incidence. Psychological Medicine 27, 807–811.
Sharpley M, Hutchinson G, McKenzie K, Murray RM (2001). Understanding the excess of psychosis among the African-Caribbean population in England. British Journal of Psychiatry 178, s60–s68.
Smith GN, Boydell J, Murray RM, Flynn S, McKay K, Sherwood M, Honer WG (2006). The incidence of schizophrenia in European immigrants to Canada. Schizophrenia Research 87, 205–211.
Song F, Sheldon TA, Sutton AJ, Abrams KR, Jones DR (2001). Methods for exploring heterogeneity in meta-analysis. Evaluation and the Health Professions 24, 126–151.
Stroup DF, Berlin JA, Morton SC, Olkin I, Williamson GD, Rennie D, Moher D, Becker BJ, Sipe TA, Thacker SB (2000). Meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology: a proposal for reporting. Meta-analysis Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) group. Journal of the American Medical Association 283, 2008–2012.
Tandon R, Keshavan MS, Nasrallah HA (2008). Schizophrenia, ‘just the facts’ what we know in 2008. 2. Epidemiology and etiology. Schizophrenia Research 102, 1–18.
Thomas CS, Stone K, Osborn M, Thomas PF, Fisher M (1993). Psychiatric morbidity and compulsory admission among UK-born Europeans, Afro-Caribbeans and Asians in central Manchester. British Journal of Psychiatry 163, 91–99.
Torrey EF, Bartko JJ, Lun Z-R, Yolken RH (2007). Antibodies to toxoplasma gondii in patients with schizophrenia: a meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Bulletin 33, 729–736.
Van Os J, Castle DJ, Takei N, Der G, Murray RM (1996). Psychotic illness in ethnic minorities: clarification from the 1991 census. Psychological Medicine 26, 203–208.
Veen N, Selten JP, Hoek HW, Feller W, van der Graaf Y, Kahn R (2002). Use of illicit substances in a psychosis incidence cohort: a comparison among different ethnic groups in the Netherlands. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 105, 440–443.
Veling W, Hoek HW, Mackenbach JP (2008 a). Perceived discrimination and the risk of schizophrenia in ethnic minorities. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 43, 953–959.
Veling W, Selten JP, Veen N, Laan W, Blom JD, Hoek HW (2006). Incidence of schizophrenia among ethnic minorities in the Netherlands: a four-year first-contact study. Schizophrenia Research 86, 189–193.
Veling W, Susser E, van Os J, Mackenbach JP, Selten JP, Hoek HW (2008 b). Ethnic density of neighborhoods and incidence of psychotic disorders among immigrants. American Journal of Psychiatry 165, 66–73.
Weiser M, Werbeloff N, Vishna T, Yoffe R, Lubin G, Shmushkevitch M, Davidson M (2008). Elaboration on immigration and risk for schizophrenia. Psychological Medicine 38, 1113–1119.
Zolkowska K, Cantor-Graae E, McNeil TF (2001). Increased rates of psychosis among immigrants to Sweden: is migration a risk factor for psychosis? Psychological Medicine 31, 669–678.