Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 77
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Asselmann, Eva Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich Lieb, Roselind and Beesdo-Baum, Katja 2016. Risk factors for fearful spells, panic attacks and panic disorder in a community cohort of adolescents and young adults. Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 193, p. 305.

    Broman, Clifford L. 2016. The Availability of Substances in Adolescence: Influences in Emerging Adulthood. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, p. 1.

    Chassin, Laurie Colder, Craig R. Hussong, Andrea and Sher, Kenneth J. 2016. Developmental Psychopathology.

    Cservenka, Anita 2016. Neurobiological phenotypes associated with a family history of alcoholism. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 158, p. 8.

    Cservenka, Anita and Nagel, Bonnie J. 2016. Neuroscience for Addiction Medicine: From Prevention to Rehabilitation - Constructs and Drugs.

    Haeny, Angela M. Littlefield, Andrew K. and Sher, Kenneth J. 2016. Limitations of lifetime alcohol use disorder assessments: A criterion-validation study. Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 59, p. 95.

    Jääskeläinen, Marke Holmila, Marja Notkola, Irma-Leena and Raitasalo, Kirsimarja 2016. A typology of families with parental alcohol or drug abuse. Addiction Research & Theory, Vol. 24, Issue. 4, p. 288.

    Jääskeläinen, Marke Holmila, Marja Notkola, Irma-Leena and Raitasalo, Kirsimarja 2016. Mental disorders and harmful substance use in children of substance abusing parents: A longitudinal register-based study on a complete birth cohort born in 1991. Drug and Alcohol Review,

    Mellentin, Angelina Isabella Brink, Maria Andersen, Lene Erlangsen, Annette Stenager, Elsebeth Bjerregaard, Lene Berit and Christiansen, Erik 2016. The risk of offspring developing substance use disorders when exposed to one versus two parent(s) with alcohol use disorder: A nationwide, register-based cohort study. Journal of Psychiatric Research, Vol. 80, p. 52.

    Raitasalo, Kirsimarja and Holmila, Marja 2016. Practices in alcohol education among Finnish parents: Have there been changes between 2006 and 2012?. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, p. 1.

    Simonen, Jenni and Törrönen, Jukka 2016. Older women’s experiences, identities and coping strategies for dealing with a problem-drinking male family member*. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, p. 1.

    Beesdo-Baum, Katja Knappe, Susanne Asselmann, Eva Zimmermann, Petra Brückl, Tanja Höfler, Michael Behrendt, Silke Lieb, Roselind and Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich 2015. The ‘Early Developmental Stages of Psychopathology (EDSP) study’: a 20-year review of methods and findings. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, Vol. 50, Issue. 6, p. 851.

    Grant, Julia D. Waldron, Mary Sartor, Carolyn E. Scherrer, Jeffrey F. Duncan, Alexis E. McCutcheon, Vivia V. Haber, Jon Randolph Jacob, Theodore Heath, Andrew C. and Bucholz, Kathleen K. 2015. Parental Separation and Offspring Alcohol Involvement: Findings from Offspring of Alcoholic and Drug Dependent Twin Fathers. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, Vol. 39, Issue. 7, p. 1166.

    Haugland, Siri Håvås Holmen, Turid Lingaas Krokstad, Steinar Sund, Erik R. and Bratberg, Grete H. 2015. Intergenerational Hazardous Alcohol Use and Area Factors: The HUNT Study, Norway. Substance Use & Misuse, Vol. 50, Issue. 14, p. 1753.

    Raitasalo, Kirsimarja Holmila, Marja Autti-Rämö, Ilona Notkola, Irma-L. and Tapanainen, Heli 2015. Hospitalisations and out-of-home placements of children of substance-abusing mothers: A register-based cohort study. Drug and Alcohol Review, Vol. 34, Issue. 1, p. 38.

    Sittner, Kelley J. 2015. Trajectories of Substance Use: Onset and Adverse Outcomes Among North American Indigenous Adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescence, p. n/a.

    Acheson, Ashley Franklin, Crystal Cohoon, Andrew J. Glahn, David C. Fox, Peter T. and Lovallo, William R. 2014. Anomalous Temporoparietal Activity in Individuals with a Family History of Alcoholism: Studies from the Oklahoma Family Health Patterns Project. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, Vol. 38, Issue. 6, p. 1639.

    Acheson, Ashley Wijtenburg, S. Andrea Rowland, Laura M. Winkler, Anderson M. Gaston, Frank Mathias, Charles W. Fox, Peter T. Lovallo, William R. Wright, Susan N. Hong, L. Elliot Dougherty, Donald M. and Kochunov, Peter 2014. Assessment of whole brain white matter integrity in youths and young adults with a family history of substance-use disorders. Human Brain Mapping, Vol. 35, Issue. 11, p. 5401.

    Acheson, Ashley Wijtenburg, S. Andrea Rowland, Laura M. Bray, Bethany C. Gaston, Frank Mathias, Charles W. Fox, Peter T. Lovallo, William R. Wright, Susan N. Hong, L. Elliot McGuire, Stephen Kochunov, Peter and Dougherty, Donald M. 2014. Combining diffusion tensor imaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopy to study reduced frontal white matter integrity in youths with family histories of substance use disorders. Human Brain Mapping, Vol. 35, Issue. 12, p. 5877.

    Dougherty, Donald M. Charles, Nora E. Mathias, Charles W. Ryan, Stacy R. Olvera, Rene L. Liang, Yuanyuan and Acheson, Ashley 2014. Delay discounting differentiates pre-adolescents at high and low risk for substance use disorders based on family history. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 143, p. 105.


Parental alcohol use disorders and alcohol use and disorders in offspring: a community study

  • R. LIEB (a1), K. R. MERIKANGAS (a1), M. HÖFLER (a1), H. PFISTER (a1), B. ISENSEE (a1) and H.-U. WITTCHEN (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 January 2002

Background. We examined the association between parental alcohol use disorders and patterns of alcohol consumption and DSM-IV alcohol use disorders in their offspring in a community-based sample of young adults.

Methods. Data are based on baseline and 4-year follow-up data of 2427 respondents aged 14–24 at baseline. Alcohol use and disorders in respondents were assessed using the Munich-Composite-International-Diagnostic-Interview with DSM-IV algorithms. Diagnostic information about parents was collected by family history information from the respondents, and by direct interview with one parent (cohort aged 14 to 17 years only).

Results. Although the association between maternal and paternal alcohol use disorders and non-problematical drinking in offspring was minimal, there was a strong effect for the transition to hazardous use and for alcohol abuse and dependence; the effect of parental concordance for transition into hazardous use was particularly striking. Maternal history was associated with a higher probability of progression from occasional to regular use, whereas paternal history was associated with progression from regular to hazardous use. Parental alcoholism increased the risk for first onset of hazardous use and alcohol dependence between the ages of 14–17, and for an earlier onset of the alcohol outcomes in offspring. The impact of parental alcohol use disorders was comparable for male and female offspring.

Conclusions. Parental alcoholism predicts escalation of alcohol use, development of alcohol use disorders and onset of alcohol outcomes in offspring.

Corresponding author
Address for correspondence: Dr Roselind Lieb, Max-Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Clinical Psychology and Epidemiology Unit, Kraepelinstrasse 2, 80804 München, Germany.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *