Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 14
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Upthegrove, R. Broome, M. R. Caldwell, K. Ives, J. Oyebode, F. and Wood, S. J. 2016. Understanding auditory verbal hallucinations: a systematic review of current evidence. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Vol. 133, Issue. 5, p. 352.


    Rasmussen, A. Rosén and Parnas, J. 2015. Pathologies of imagination in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Vol. 131, Issue. 3, p. 157.


    D'Agostino, Armando Castelnovo, Anna and Scarone, Silvio 2014. The Neuroscience of Visual Hallucinations.


    Adams, Bob and Sanders, Teri 2011. Experiences of psychosis in borderline personality disorder: A qualitative analysis. Journal of Mental Health, Vol. 20, Issue. 4, p. 381.


    Lera, Guillem Herrero, Neus González, Jose Aguilar, Eduardo Sanjuán, Julio and Leal, Carmen 2011. Insight among psychotic patients with auditory hallucinations. Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 67, Issue. 7, p. 701.


    Dorsch, Fabian 2010. The unity of hallucinations. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, Vol. 9, Issue. 2, p. 171.


    Pierre, Joseph M. 2010. Hallucinations in Nonpsychotic Disorders. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, Vol. 18, Issue. 1, p. 22.


    Chang, Jae Seung Yi, Jung Seo Ahn, Yong Min Kim, Jong Hoon and Kim, Yong Sik 2009. Stabilization of the internal structure of persistent auditory verbal hallucinations in schizophrenia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 43, Issue. 3, p. 244.


    Elliott, Brent Joyce, Eileen and Shorvon, Simon 2009. Delusions, illusions and hallucinations in epilepsy: 1. Elementary phenomena. Epilepsy Research, Vol. 85, Issue. 2-3, p. 162.


    Moskowitz, Andrew and Corstens, Dirk 2008. Auditory Hallucinations: Psychotic Symptom or Dissociative Experience?. Journal of Psychological Trauma, Vol. 6, Issue. 2-3, p. 35.


    Yee, Leslie Korner, Anthony James McSwiggan, Sally Meares, Russell Ainslie and Stevenson, Janine 2005. Persistent hallucinosis in borderline personality disorder. Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol. 46, Issue. 2, p. 147.


    Geltman, David and Chang, Grace 2004. Hallucinations in Latino psychiatric outpatients: a preliminary investigation. General Hospital Psychiatry, Vol. 26, Issue. 2, p. 153.


    Swinton, M 2003. The role of the parietal lobe in borderline personality disorder. Medical Hypotheses, Vol. 60, Issue. 2, p. 263.


    Naudin, J. Banovic, I. Schwartz, M.A. Wiegins, O.P. Mishara, A. Stanghellmi, G. and Azonn, J.M. 2000. Définir l'hallucination acoustico-verbale comme trouble de la conscience de soi. L'Évolution Psychiatrique, Vol. 65, Issue. 2, p. 311.


    ×

Pseudohallucinations: a conceptual history

  • G. E. Berrios (a1) and T. R. Dening (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291700037776
  • Published online: 01 July 2009
Abstract
Synopsis

The term ‘pseudohallucination’ is currently used to name imaginal experiences whose relationship to one another and to hallucinations ‘proper’ remains obscure. Clinicians, including specialists in psychopathology, disagree on how pseudohallucination must be defined and on its diagnostic role. Empirical research is unlikely to help as the term does not have a stable referent. Historical and conceptual analyses, on the other hand, are of great use to show how this untidy state of affairs has obtained. This paper includes a full account of the history of pseudohallucination and concludes that: (a) the problem has resulted from the fact that the history of the word, concept (s) and putative behaviour (s) failed to ‘converge’ (i.e. there never has been a time when the three components have formed a stable complex); (b) failure to converge has been caused by the fact that the concept of pseudohallucination is parasitical upon that of hallucination, and that the latter has proved to be far more unstable than what is usually recognized; (c) hence, pseudohallucination is a vicarious construct (i.e. one created by a temporary conceptual need, and which is not associated with a biological invariant); (d) pseudohallucination is used as the ‘joker’ in a poker game (i.e. made to take diagnostic values according to clinical need) – this has led to diagnostic complacency and retarded important decisions as to the nature and definition of hallucinations; and (e) the language of current descriptive psychopathology is not fine-grained enough to generate a stable frame for pseudohallucination. This suggests that its boundaries and usage will remain fuzzy and unbridled.

Copyright
Corresponding author
1Address for correspondence: Dr G. E. Berrios, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital (Box 189), Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QQ.
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

A. Aggernæs (1972). The experienced reality of hallucinations and other psychological phenomena. An empirical analysis. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 48, 220238.

A. Aggernæs & O Nyeborg (1972). The reliability of different aspects of the experienced reality of hallucinations in clear states of consciousness. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 48, 239252.

C. E. Bacon (1991). Visual pseudo-hallucinations: psychotherapy case study of a long-standing perceptual disorder. Psychopathology 24, 361364.

T. Dening & G. E. Berrios (1996). The enigma of pseudohallucinations: current meaning and usage. Psychopathology (in the press).

A. A. Grünbaum (1917). Pseudovorstellung und Pseudohalluzination. Zeitschrift für die gesamte Neurologie und Psychiatrie 37, 100109.

K. Jaspers (1911). Zur Analyse der Trugwahrnehmungen (Leibhaftigkeit und Realitätsurteil). Zeitschrift für die gesamte Neurologie und Psychiatrie 6, 460535.

V. Kandinsky (1881). Zur Lehre von den Hallucinationen. Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten 11, 453464.

F. Schiller (1985). The inveterate paradox of dreaming. Archives of Neurology 42, 903906.

G. Sedman (1966 b). ‘Inner voices’: phenomenological and clinical aspects. British Journal of Psychiatry 112, 485490.

G. Sedman (1966 c). A phenomenological study of pseudohallucinations and related experiences. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 42, 3570.

M. Spitzer (1987). Pseudohalluzinationen. Forschritte Neurologie und Psychiatrie 55, 9197.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
  • URL: /core/journals/psychological-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×