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The development of the Ben-Tovim Walker Body Attitudes Questionnaire (BAQ), a new measure of women's attitudes towards their own bodies

  • David I. Ben-Tovim (a1) and M. Kay Walker (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 July 2009

A measure has been developed which assesses a broad range of attitudes which women hold towards their bodies. The Ben-Tovim Walker Body Attitudes Questionnaire (BAQ) is a 44-item self-report questionnaire whose subscales encompass six distinct aspects of body experience (feelings of overall fatness, self-disparagement, strength, salience of weight, feelings of attractiveness and consciousness of lower body fat). The development of the BAQ involved administering increasingly refined versions to a wide range of female respondents. The final version appears to have satisfactory psychometric properties. When the BAQ scores of 29 patients with anorexia nervosa were compared with those of a large community sample, a more complex pattern of deviant attitudes appeared than would previously have been suspected. The BAQ appears to have potential as a research instrument in this and other fields in which the measurement of attitudes towards the body is important.

Corresponding author
1 Address for correspondence: Dr David I. Ben-Tovim, Weight Disorder Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, SA 5042, Australia.
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D. I. Ben-Tovim & M. K. Walker (1991). Women's body attitudes: a review of measurement techniques. International Journal of Eating Disorders 10, 155167.

P. J. Cooper , M. J. Taylor , Z. Cooper & C. G. Fairburn (1987). The development and validation of the Body Shape Questionnaire. International Journal of Eating Disorders 6, 485494.

S. L. Franzoi & S. A. Shields (1984). The Body Esteem Scale: Multidimensional structure and sex differences in a college population. Journal of Personality Assessment 48, 173178.

A. Stunkard & V. Burt (1967). Obesity and body image. II. Age at onset of disturbances in the body image. American Journal of Psychiatry 123, 14431447.

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Psychological Medicine
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