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The Eating Attitudes Test: an index of the symptoms of anorexia nervosa

  • David M. Garner (a1) and Paul E. Garfinkel (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291700030762
  • Published online: 01 July 2009
Abstract
Synopsis

Data on the development of a 40-item measure of the symptoms in anorexia nervosa are reported. The scale (EAT) is presented in a 6-point, forced choice, self-report format which is easily administered and scored. The EAT was validated using 2 groups of female anorexia nervosa patients (N = 32 and 33) and female control subjects (N = 34 and 59). Total EAT score was significantly correlated with criterion group membership(r = 0·87, P < 0·001), suggesting a high level of concurrent validity. There was very little overlap in the frequency distributions of the 2 groups and only 7% of the normal controls scored as high as the lowest anorexic patient. Female obese and male subjects also scored significantly lower on the EAT than anorexics. Recovered anorexic patients scored in the normal range on the test, suggesting that the EAT is sensitive to clinical remission.

Copyright
Corresponding author
1Address for correspondence: Dr David M. Garner, Clarke Institute of Psychiatry, 250 College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5T 1R8, Canada.
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P. E. Garfinkel , H. Moldofsky , D. M. Garner , H. C. Stancer & D. V. Coscina (1978). Body awareness in anorexia nervosa: Disturbances in ‘body image’ and ‘satiety’. Psychosomatic Medicine 40, 487498.

D. M. Garner , P. E. Garfinkel , H. C. Stancer & H. Moldofsky (1976). Body image disturbances in anorexia nervosa and obesity. Psychosomatic Medicine 38, 227237.

K. A. Halmi (1974). Anorexia nervosa; demographic and clinical features in 94 cases. Psychosomatic Medicine 36, 1825.

C. P. Herman & J. Polivy (1975). Anxiety, restraint and eating behaviour. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 84, 666672.

R. S. Kalucy , A. H. Crisp & B. Harding (1977). A study of 56 families with anorexia nervosa. British Journal of Medical Psychology 50, 381395.

P. D. Slade (1973). A short anorexic behaviour scale. British Journal of Psychiatry 122, 8385.

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Psychological Medicine
  • ISSN: 0033-2917
  • EISSN: 1469-8978
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